Anti-corruption and Accountability
Based on the relationship of trust between Switzerland and Mozambique and specific Swiss expertise and interest to tackle economic crime and recovery of assets the program will reduce corruption in Mozambique by strengthening the capacity of 1. Government institutions to effectively tackle corruption, economic crime and recover stolen assets 2. Civil society organizations to influence the public and the private sector for improved transparency and accountability.
Public sector policy
Legal and judicial development
- Asset Recovery office created and operational
- Improved Skills and knowledge of Government Institutions in asset recovery
- Effective use of legal and enforcement instruments with a view to recover stolen assets
- Regular analysis and reports on irregularities in management of public funds.
- Regular Multi-stakeholder dialogue at national, Provincial and
- Approved law on asset recovery
- Approved law on international judicial cooperation
- Improved Multi-Stakeholder dialogue between Government entities, Civils society organizations, and the private Sector
- Limited capacity of Mocambican institutions to tackle effectively corruption, economic crime and seizure of assets.
- Missing adequate institutional set-up for effective seizure of assets at national and international level.
- High capacity for investigating and exposing corrupt practices.
- Little capacity for structured monitoring of government efforts to combat corruption
- Good capacity to organize national multi-stakholder dialogue but room for improvement at the Provincial and international level.
- No law on asset recovery
- No consolidated law on international judicial cooperation in criminal matters
- Central State of South East
- Other Swiss academic and research institutions
- Other UN Organisation
- Foreign private sector South/East
|Background||Mozambique is suffering from particularly high levels of corruption and ranks within the bottom 20% of all Sub-Saharan countries measured in the Corruption perception index. The current Government under president Nyusi has put the fight against corruption on the top of its Agenda. The revelation in 2016 of the so-called illegal debt case and the subsequent economic and political crisis has put pressure on Mozambican State entities to deliver results with regards to combatting corruption. The judiciary Sector however still lacks of capacity and political independence specifically when it comes to grand corruption. Civil society with the Centre for Public integrity at the forefront has managed to increase their space for lobbying and advocacy. When it comes to grand corruption and highly sensitive cases they continue however to face constraints. Solid alliance building at national and international level as well as an increased focus towards a collaborative approach through improved multi-stakeholder dialogue with government and the private Sector is key for future success.Mozambique’s existing institutional set-up and legal framework to tackle corruption, economic crimes and the seizure of assets is still deficient with regards to overall coherence and international judicial co-operation in criminal matters. Given expected increased of investments linked to natural resource exploitation corruption risks are likely to increase in the coming years.|
|Objectives||Reduce the political, economic and social costs of corruption on development for Mozambique by creating an environment that deters engagement in corrupt practices by public servants, office holders, private companies and citizens.|
Outcome 1: The State attorney’s office, the general office for combatting corruption, the criminal investigation service, and the financial intelligence unit and the legal and justice training centre.
Outcome 2: Civil society organizations or coalitions of organizations at national, local and international level using CIPs work advocating for more transparency and integrity
Outcome 3: Improved policies Entities which develop, approve or influence policies and the institutional set-up for combatting corruption: Ministry of justice, ministry of finance, national parliament, private sector, civil society organizations and coalitions.
Outcome 1: Strengthened institutions: Mozambican institutions responsible for combatting corruption and asset recovery apply suitable tools and techniques to combat corruption, investigate and prosecute financial crime, and to recover stolen assets.
Outcome 2: Empowered civil society: A critical mass of citizens and civil society organizations influences the public and the private sector towards improved transparency and integrity in the management of public affairs
Outcome 3 Policy improvement: Improved and effective legal framework and institutional set-up for anti-corruption, financial crime and asset recovery.
Results from previous phases:
Baseline Institutional Capacity:
Baseline Civil Society:
Baseline Anti corruption Policies:
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
International or foreign NGO
Foreign state institution
Swiss Academic and Research Institution
United Nations Organization (UNO)
|Coordination with other projects and actors||
Outcome 1 + 3: Coordination with Basel Institute core donors and in country donors to State attorney and General office for combatting corruption: EU, SPAIN, USAID, UNDP, UNODC, IMF
Outcome 2 + 3: Coordination with Norway, Holland, IMF, Sweden and DFID as joint donors to the Centre for public Integrity. Main Synergies with SDC land-use rights program, Decentralization program, Economic Policy analysis, and Health Sector programs.
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 10’916’810 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 4’398’133|
|Project phases||Phase 99 01.01.2024 - 31.12.2030 (Planned) Phase 1 01.07.2018 - 31.12.2023 (Current phase)|