Zugang zu natürlichen Ressourcen, Ausbildung und Einkommen

Frauen und Männer in Burkina Faso stehen vor und neben einem Tisch, auf dem sich eine Maschine befindet.
Frauen sollen bei der Ausbildung die gleichen Rechte und Möglichkeiten haben wie Männer. © DEZA

In ländlichen wie in städtischen Gebieten spielen Frauen eine zentrale Rolle bei der Armutsreduktion und der Ernährungssicherheit. Die DEZA unterstützt Frauen, damit sie Zugang zu natürlichen Ressourcen und Berufsbildung sowie zum Markt und zu Dienstleistungen zu erhalten.

Fokus der DEZA

Im Bereich Ernährungssicherheit setzt die DEZA bei der Stärkung der Rolle der Frauen folgende Schwerpunkte:

  • Einen gleichberechtigten Zugang zu natürlichen Ressourcen schaffen, mit besonderem Fokus auf Landgouvernanz
  • Die Frauen wirtschaftlich stärken durch bessere Wertschöpfungsketten sowie durch Zugang zu Berufsbildung, zum Markt und zu Dienstleistungen
  • Soziale Sicherungssysteme in der ländlichen Wirtschaft integrieren, welche den Aspekt der Geschlechtergleichstellung berücksichtigen

Hintergrund

Frauen spielen eine zentrale Rolle bei der Armutsreduktion und der Ernährungssicherheit, da sie in der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion und der ländlichen Wirtschaft sehr aktiv sind. In vielen Ländern werden sie jedoch sozial und rechtlich diskriminiert und haben nur limitierten Zugang zu Besitz- und Nutzungsrechten auf Land und Produktionsmitteln, zu Berufsbildung sowie zu Finanzdienstleistungen.

In der ländlichen Wirtschaft sind Frauen mehrheitlich in Familienbetrieben und im informellen Sektor tätig. Mit grossem Zeitaufwand und geringer Produktivität erwirtschaften sie tiefe Einkommen. Zudem arbeiten Frauen oft in Niedriglohn-Sektoren, z.B. in der Textilindustrie, und unter prekären Arbeitsbedingungen. Das Potenzial der Frauen, zur Ernährungssicherheit und zur wirtschaftlichen Sicherheit und Entwicklung beizutragen, wird ungenügend ausgeschöpft.

Analysen zeigen, dass hauptsächlich zwei Faktoren für die strukturelle Diskriminierung von Frauen in der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung ausschlaggebend sind:

1. Mehrfachdiskriminierungen aufgrund der religiösen, sozialen oder ethnischen Zugehörigkeit

2. Belastung durch unbezahlte Haus- und Betreuungsarbeit, die durch soziale Normen und festgefahrene Geschlechterrollen geprägt ist und deshalb mehrheitlich von Frauen erledigt wird

Damit werden die Möglichkeiten für Frauen, eine Ausbildung zu absolvieren oder einer produktiven und bezahlten Arbeit nachzugehen,  ebenso wie der Zugang zu  Sozialversicherungen eingeschränkt. Letztere sind meist an formelle Anstellungen und an ein Einkommen geknüpft.

Dokumente

Aktuelle Projekte

Objekt 13 – 24 von 50

Promotion and respect of human rights, gender equality and the international humanitarian law

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland aims at enhancing prospects for Palestinians to live in dignity, prosperity and peace with Israel, via the respect and promotion of human rights, including gender equality, international humanitarian law and the rule of law by all duty bearers. To this end, SDC supports ten Palestinian and Israeli human rights and humanitarian law organizations active in the oPt, which provide legal aid and protection services to the population and advocate for the respect of the international law. 


Scaling-up improved sanitation – Bridging Phase Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF)

01.05.2021 - 28.02.2023

Investments in Sanitation, Hygiene and Menstrual Health are crucial to achieving the SDGs. The recently launched and UN-led Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF) aims to fill a gaping void in the international response to the sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health crisis. With this project, Switzerland supports the SHF in its operational set-up, starting country readiness work, resource mobilization and to become operational by early 2022


SYP Safeguard Young People in Eastern African countries

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2024

The SYP program contributes to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of young people, thus  reducing gender based health inequities. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of policies, and strengthens young people’s competencies on and access to SRHR services. The expansion to Tanzania and Rwanda leverages on the  experience in Southern Africa financed by SDC, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s thematic expertise and convening power.


Financial support to the Programme of Work and Budget of the OECD Development Center 2021-2022

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2022

The Development Center of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development is a policy oriented institution which conducts studies and provides platforms for dialogues and knowledge sharing between OECD and non OECD countries. Switzerland’s support to the Center contributes to the development of inclusive and responsive public policies that foster sustainable and inclusive growth with the objective to reduce poverty and inequalities in emerging and developing economies.  


Civil Society Support in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.12.2020 - 31.05.2027

Citizens will increase their influence on policy making through their active engagement with civil society organisations. Through improvement of their know-how on civic participation and engagement in civil society alliances, civil society organisations will effectively participate in democratic processes, demand reforms from the authorities, and contribute to social change in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They will increasingly act as advocates for democratic reforms, gender equality, human rights and social inclusion rather than as service providers.


Supporting Small-scale Dairy Production

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2024

This contribution aims at improving economic empowerment and resilience of women dairy producers in Abkhazia and Samegrelo. The protracted conflict in Abkhazia impedes socio-economic development, leading to high poverty and vulnerability to external shocks, as COVID-19. Women are particularly vulnerable, as they are also victims of gender-based discrimination and domestic violence. Farmer Field Schools will empower women by enhancing their technical and leadership skills.


O3+ Our Rights, Our Lives, Our Future

01.10.2020 - 14.09.2025

This project uses targeted interventions in post-secondary educational institutions in Zambia and Zimbabwe to improve access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) among 18-24 year-olds. Working with UNESCO and Ministries of Higher and Tertiary Education, the project brings Switzerland’s lengthy experience in the HIV/SRHR field to bear by targeting an often neglected cohort of young people with tailored interventions to reduce HIV infections, unintended pregnancies, and gender-based violence. 


PSTIC: Provision of protection and humanitarian assistance to vulnerable migrants in Greater Cairo

21.08.2020 - 31.12.2021

The increase in migrants and refugees residing in Egypt, coupled with shrinking humanitarian funding are leaving many at protection risk. With new challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the protection risks have risen and needs are exacerbated. This project will respond to the immediate protection needs of refugees and migrants by providing a comprehensive package of gender sensitive emergency protection services in Greater Cairo, with a special focus on women and children at risk. 


Combating Gender-Based Violence in Mongolia

Let's understand and respect each others campaign

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023

Aiming at sustainable change of behaviour and mental disposition, the 2nd phase of this project seeks to protect the victims of Gender-based Violence (GBV), women/girls and men/boys, and to mitigate the root causes of violence. This follow-up phase focuses on the consolidation and institutionalization of GBV prevention and response mechanism. The project is in line with Mongolia’s and Switzerland’s commitment to combat GBV and gender inequalities.


COVID-19 - Prevention and Recovery in the Mekong Region

01.08.2020 - 30.09.2022

Vulnerable groups in Laos and Cambodia suffered disproportionally from the Covid-19 socio-economic crisis affecting their income, as well as access to public services and employment. Swiss support will combine institutional strengthening of local actors and provision of public services, skills development, access to credit and support to returning migrants. The long-term experience of Switzerland and trusted relationships with governments add value to the intervention


GBVPR - Gender-based Violence Prevention and Response Project

01.07.2020 - 04.08.2024

With its longstanding experience in promoting psychosocial support services and a strong engagement in support of federal state building, Switzerland is well positioned to engage on reducing all forms of GBV and discrimination against women in Nepal. The project aims at strengthening and institutionalizing a coordinated, survivor-centred response for GBV victims, addressing root causes and engaging with all government levels for a more gender equitable policy environment. 


Decent Work and Income Security for Women through Inclusive Growth and Investments in the Care Economy (ILO and UN Women)

15.06.2020 - 31.08.2023

Decent work and income security for women is the objective of Switzerland’s contribution to the joint ILO/UN Women programme. It will bring gender into the focus of macro-level and national policy planning, helping to translate global research into national action. Switzerland supports this systemic approach as it strengthens the economic independence of women and men. Switzerland provides direct channels to link the international policy dialogue in Geneva with countries in the global South.

Objekt 13 – 24 von 50