International Land Coalition (ILC)

Projekt abgeschlossen

Through a core contribution to the International Land Coalition, SDC supports a global network of 207 members in 64 countries in which civil society, intergovernmental organisations and academic institutions interact to trigger changes in policies and practices at country level toward a land governance putting people at its centre. With a targeted additional support to the Land Matrix, SDC contributes to an independent monitoring initiative on large scale land deals, promoting transparency and accountability.

Land/Region Thema Periode Budget
Landwirtschaft und Ernährungssicherheit
Beschäftigung & Wirtschaftsentwicklung
Landwirtschaftliche Nutzflächen
Ländliche Entwicklung
Demokratische Partizipation und Zivilbevölkerung
01.09.2017 - 31.12.2021
CHF  7’700’000

Secure tenure and access to land play a central role in the livelihood of the majority of the world’s 500 Mio smallholder farmers and is thus key for / at the basis of food security challenges as well as fundamental to addressing global challenges like overcoming rural poverty, mitigating and adapting to climate change, achieving social and gender equality, and peace building.

Voluntary instruments like the VGGT (Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests) or the AU F&G (Framework and Guidelines for Land Policy in Africa, African Union) constitute highly important global normative and reference frameworks. However substantial gaps remain to their implementation and generally the promotion of equitable access to land and fair land governance at country level in a context of increased environmental stresses, demographic / urbanization pressure and land related investments.


Overall goal

To realize land governance for and with people at the country level, responding to the needs and protecting the rights of those who live on and from the land.

ILC Vision

To support the realization of a just, equitable, and inclusive world in which land rights are secure and poverty eradicated.


Direct: ILC members, particularly the 150 CSO’s from Southern countries or regions

Indirect: rural poor populations in developing countries with particular emphasis on 18 countries where an ILC National Engagement Strategy is implemented: Albania, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, South Sudan, Togo (+ 10-15 new NES)

Mittelfristige Wirkungen


  • Changes in agendas (narrative shifts) catalysed by ILC members: change-makers include one or more of the issues covered by the 10 commitments in national, regional or global agendas, and open spaces for dialogue that recognise a role to ILC members and/ or Civil Society.
  • Changes in practices catalysed by ILC members: decision makers/ governments etc. build inclusive institutions, participate in dialogue or partnerships to implement or enforce existing laws, policies and practices thanks to the knowledge and capacities acquired.
  • Changes in policies catalysed by ILC members: national or subnational governments/parliaments draft, revise, approve, policies, laws and regulations reflecting the principle behind one or more of the 10 commitments.



Erwartete Resultate:  


  • Members use ILC as a space to interact, collaborate, share, and express solidarity at country, regional, and international levels, in a vibrant, gender-just, diversified, and decentralised network.
  • Members use ILC as a bridge to connect to other change-makers, especially at the country level, including from grassroots movements, government and other public institutions, and the private sector.
  • Members use ILC as a space to identify solutions and improve practice, by piloting, replicating, and scaling up approaches to land governance for and with people.
  • ILC provides opportunities for members and others to develop their capacities, by documenting, producing, and sharing knowledge so as to transform it into action.
  • ILC members jointly and effectively advocate for the ten commitments on people-centred land governance.
  • ILC supports those who live on and from the land, their leaders, and their organisations to play a role as interlocutors with government, their development partners, and private sector actors in decision-making over land.
  • ILC members utilise data to claim rights, promote transparency, and hold decision-makers accountable.


Resultate von früheren Phasen:  

National land policy processes influenced:

  • Promoting the VGGT through National Engagement Strategies (NES) in 18 countries
  • 69 policy, legislative or programmes processes targeted through the NES platforms
  • 16 substantial policy changes or reforms contributed to
  • By end of 2016, approx. 1.2 Mio people benefitted from direct interventions supported by ILC

Global and regional land-related processes shaped:

  • Partnership with the Global Land Tool Network / Un-Habitat in the Global Land Indicators Initiative with influence on SDG’s indicators 1.4 and 5.a
  • Involvement of ILC in many international processes / forums (HLPF, World Bank Conferences, etc.)

Leading knowledge network on land governance built:

  • ILC database of 75 good practices, 40 online
  • Transformation of Land Portal ( from an ILC-project to an autonomous foundation and leading online resource for information, data and knowledge exchange on land governance issues
  • Launch of Land Matrix ( as a the most extensive (and evolutionary) database on large scale land acquisitions

ILC strengthened as a solid and influential actor

  • Increased membership: +160% reaching 207 members
  • Reinforced governance including first steps of decentralization and improved monitoring and evaluation framework (both to be continued)
  • Increased budget: +70%; 15% mobilized through members; twice the number of strategic partners (6)

Verantwortliche Direktion/Bundesamt DEZA
Kreditbereich Entwicklungszusammenarbeit
Projektpartner Vertragspartner
Internationale oder ausländische NGO
  • Andere internationale oder ausländische NGO Norden

Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren


6 other Strategic Partners are contributing to ILC: European Commission, Netherlands, Sweden, Ireland, BMZ and IFAD (IFAD is also hosting ILC Secretariat)

Synergies with the FAO VGGT Programme and the IGAD/LPI project also supported by GPFS; targeted collaboration in specific SDC priority countries / regions where land governance is part of the country strategies (Mekong Region, West Africa mainly)


Budget Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF    7’700’000 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF    7’532’500

Phase 3 01.09.2017 - 31.12.2021   (Completed)

Phase 2 01.12.2012 - 31.03.2018   (Completed) Phase 1 01.11.2009 - 30.06.2013   (Completed)