Nahrungsmittelhilfe – Risikominderung und Krisenvorsorge

Der Kampf gegen Unter- und Mangelernährung hat Priorität für die DEZA. Mit der Nahrungsmittelhilfe setzt die DEZA humanitäre Mittel ein, um Leben zu retten und Leiden zu lindern.

Fokus der DEZA

Die Schweiz leistet als Vertragspartner der Ernährungshilfe-Übereinkommen Nahrungsmittelhilfe und einen Beitrag zur Verbesserung der weltweiten Ernährungssicherheit. Dabei stützt sich die Humanitäre Hilfe der DEZA vor allem auf die Zusammenarbeit mit dem UNO Welternährungsprogramm (WFP) und NGOs. Die Schweizer Beiträge 2018 an das WFP betrugen über CHF 75 Millionen und kommen rund 27 Ländern zugute. Über 50 Prozent der Gelder flossen in Hungerkrisen in Afrika. Die restlichen Mittel wurden in Ländern des Nahen und Mittleren Ostens, in Asien sowie in Haiti und Kolumbien eingesetzt.

Die Nahrungsmittelhilfe des Bundes mit Schweizer Milchprodukten wurde während den letzten Jahren in eine neue, flexiblere Modalität überführt. Ziel dieser Änderung ist, möglichst viele Menschen in Not zu erreichen. 2017 hat die DEZA in 16 Ländern Programme von 20 NGOs und drei Schweizer Vertretungen mit einer Milchpulverlieferung von CHF 7 Millionen aus der Schweiz unterstützt. Weitere CHF 13 Millionen gingen an das WFP. Ab 2018 werden die gesamten Mittel dem WFP zur Verfügung gestellt. In Algerien und Nordkorea, Länder in denen Milchpulver die beste Interventionsmodalität darstellt, kaufte WFP die Produkte in der Schweiz auf dem für den Export definierten Preisniveau.

Hintergrund

Mehr als 820 Millionen Menschen sind weltweit unterernährt. Die Verschlechterung der globalen Ernährungssituation ist vor allem auf anhaltende Konflikte zurückzuführen, welche oft durch Klimaschocks wie Dürren und Überschwemmungen verschärft werden. Konfliktgebiete in Subsahara-Afrika wie Somalia, Südsudan, der Demokratischen Republik Kongo, Jemen, Nordost-Nigeria und der Nahe und Mittlere Osten sind am meisten davon betroffen. Menschen in diesen Ländern benötigten dringend humanitäre Hilfe und sind auf Nahrungsmittelunterstützung angewiesen.

Das WFP arbeitet hauptsächlich mit Bargeldzahlungen. Diese fördern die Vermarktung von lokal produzierten Nahrungsmitteln. Gleichzeitig wird dabei die Entscheidungsfreiheit der Empfänger gewährt.

Die internationale Gemeinschaft versucht immer mehr, die von Hunger bedrohten Menschen mit gezielten Massnahmen auf allfällige Krisen vorzubereiten.

Aktuelle Projekte

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Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


Provision of food voucher assistance to around 20,000 poor and severely food insecure Palestinians in Gaza

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

Overall funding to WFP’s programme in the oPt dropped in 2017 in spite of an alarming deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip. WFP’s voucher programme targeting 20’000 poor and severely-food insecure persons assisted by the Ministry of Social Development are directly at risk. SDC’s additional contribution to WFP will cover the needs of these social hardship cases for a period of 2 ½ months.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


WFP Additional Contribution 2017 to Scale Up Operations in Yemen in Response to the Hunger Emergency

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

On 24 February 2017, SDC/HA pledged an additional allocation of CHF 15 million to support emergency relief operations to help populations facing starvation in parts of Africa (South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and the larger Lake Chad Region) and Yemen. This decision followed a call issued by the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on 22 February 2017 urging for USD 4.4 billion aid to avert famine for 20 million people who risk starvation in these countries. Out of the CHF 15.0 million, CHF 7 million will be allocated to support WFP’s emergency operations in South Sudan, Nigeria and the larger Lake Chad region, and Yemen.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


Contribution 2017 to WFP Refugee Operations in Kenya

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

Rational and relevance of the intervention and summary of overall goal:

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.

Amidst funding shortfalls and consequent cuts of food ratios for refugees in Kenya, Switzerland contributes to the food assistance for refugees living in Dadaab and Kakuma camps.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


WFP Additional Contribution 2017 to Scale Up Operations in South Sudan in Response to the Hunger Emergency

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

On 24 February 2017, SDC/HA pledged an additional allocation of CHF 15 million to support emergency relief operations to help populations facing starvation in parts of Africa (South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and the larger Lake Chad Region) and Yemen. This decision followed a call issued by the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on 22 February 2017 urging for USD 4.4 billion aid to avert famine for 20 million people who risk starvation in these countries. Out of the CHF 15.0 million, CHF 7 million will be allocated to support WFP’s emergency operations in South Sudan, Nigeria and the larger Lake Chad region, and Yemen.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


Allocation of SDC Funding to WFP Operations in 2017

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2017

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.

Objekt 25 – 36 von 58