Core Contribution to icipe (International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology)
icipe is a pan-African organisation for the development of arthropod pests to help ensure food and nutritional security and better health for people and livestock. SDC considers icipe’s work crucial for Africa’s development because icipe delivers world-quality science, contributes to regional and national food and health policies and produces biological products that help farmers to get better crop harvests. SDC supports icipe’s research for development efforts with a core contribution for the successful implementation of its strategic plan until 2020.
Landwirtschaft und Ernährungssicherheit
Förderung von landwirtschaftlichen Wertschöpfungskette (bis 2016)
- icipe’s contribution in arthropods related science for tropical Africa is unique and covers most important aspects going from basic research to applied problem solving and thus meets the arthropods related development priorities in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Its research and development activities made significant impacts in science and policy, in the field of technology transfer, in capacity building, as an information resource centre and in partnerships with public and private actors. Several technologies and products developed by icipe’s researchers such as biopesticides and the push-pull technology which are the flagship programs and the success stories for icipe in the previous phase. But also integrated pest management technologies, predators, mosquito traps, bee keeping, silk worm farming have been or are in the process of being commercialised and disseminated at large scale, i.e. scaling-up requirements have been met.
- icipe has established an environment management committee that has made considerable advances in setting targets and measuring the Centre’s efforts in reduction of carbon emissions. The Centre implemented a range of water saving measures including water tanks, recirculation of the water used in the cooling plants and the installation of water efficient plumbing. icipe’s flagship carbon reduction programme is the installation of solar photovoltaic and solar thermal systems at HQ in Duduville (Nairobi) and Mbita (Western Kenya). The Centre is also reducing its use of power through energy efficient EID systems; the changeover is now 50% complete.
Of over a million animal species known and described world-wide, more than 90% are arthropods (insects, ticks, mites, spiders, nematodes etc.). Tropical Africa provides an ideal environment for a rich variety of arthropods life. This has a profound significant influence on its economic and social life, which is, unfortunately, mostly negative. Malaria vectors are responsible for highest levels of mortality and morbidity recorded anywhere in the world; the tsetse fly has dictated the pattern of agropastoral land-use in vast areas of the continent. Locust swarms appear at a frequency and severity not seen elsewhere in the world. In addition, insect pests alone contribute anywhere between 10-80% of yield losses in Africa's food and cash crops. On the other hand, the rich beneficial arthropod resources of the continent are among the most under-utilised. Problems associated with arthropod pests and disease vectors on one hand, and opportunities in arthropod conservation and utilisation on the other, cut across the key sectors of health, agriculture and the environment.
icipe's mission is to help alleviate poverty, ensure food security and improve the overall health status of peoples of the tropics by developing and extending management tools and strategies for harmful and useful arthropods, while preserving the natural resource base through research and capacity building.
Beneficiaries of icipe's research and development efforts are firstly farmers in Africa but also national research to NGOs, public and private service providers and extension services. Other beneficiaries are young scientists and extensionists benefiting from training opportunity in insect ecology, management of arthropod vectors of crop, human and animal diseases and in research, methodology, and management. Technologies generated at icipe are public goods and available to users such as NGO's, national programs, donors, small and large scale private biopesticide production enterprises and other actors active in development cooperation.
According to icipe’s Vision and Strategy 2013-2020, research areas cut across plant, animal, human and environmental health. New entomological areas, especially in the framework of climate change are established, new tools are developed, introduced and adapted, and mature technologies are scaled out.
According to the Results Based Management Framework a series of outputs are defined for each research area: 1) the reduction of trypanosomiasis risk in cattle by optimisation and scaling out of tsetse repellent technology; 2) a contribution towards an effective vector control strategies (e.g. endosymbionts) and new traps of malaria control; 3) integrated pest management of fruit flies; 4) scaling out of push-pull technologies and exploring new plant signalling mechanisms; 5) development and scaling out of biopesticides to control ticks on animals and crop pests; 6) development and scaling out of beekeeping and silk farming technologies; 7) establishing the nutritional values of edible insects and supporting capacity building in insect sciences.
Resultate von früheren Phasen:
Ausländische Hochschul- und Forschungsinstitution
Hochschulen und andere Forschungseinrichtungen im Partnerland
Department for International Development (DFID), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency SIDA, Biovision Foundation for Ecological Development, the European Union, and others.
|Koordination mit anderen Projekten und Akteuren||
SDC financed projects of rural development and sustainable land management in the region, e.g. PABRA, Inovagro in Mozambique, several projects in the Regional Program Southern Africa and the Regional Program in the Horn of Africa. FIBL long-term farming-systems comparison in the tropics, Biovision, CIAT, CYMMIT and other research organisations of the CGIAR complex. WHO-UNICEF-UNDP-World Bank Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR). ProEcoOrganic Africa (Productivity and Profitability of Organic and conventional Farming System in Africa). SYSCOM (Long-term farming system comparison in Kenya).
|Budget||Laufende Phase Schweizer Beitrag CHF 6'400'000 Bereits ausgegebenes Schweizer Budget CHF 1'600'000 Budget inklusive Projektpartner CHF 36'000'000|
|Projektphasen||Phase 8 01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020 (Laufende Phase) Phase 7 01.01.2014 - 31.12.2019 (Active) Phase 6 01.01.2011 - 31.12.2013 (Active)|