Korruptionsbekämpfung – ein zentrales Entwicklungshemmnis beseitigen

Grafik: Zwei Hände treffen sich von links und rechts zu einem Händedruck, wobei die eine Hand einen zusammengefalteten Geldschein festhält.
Die DEZA bekämpft verschiedene Erscheinungsformen der Korruption – beispielsweise Schmiergeldzahlungen für medizinische Behandlungen. © DEZA

Korruption behindert die Entwicklung: Wichtige Finanzmittel gehen verloren, das Vertrauen der Bevölkerung in den Staat schwindet, und es verbreitet sich ein Gefühl von Ohnmacht und Ungerechtigkeit, das zu Konflikten führen kann. Arme und verletzliche Bevölkerungsgruppen sind besonders betroffen, weil sie sich die Bestechungsgelder für öffentliche Dienstleistungen nicht leisten können. Daher bekämpft die DEZA die Korruption mit Nachdruck. 

Die Korruptionsbekämpfung ist ein zentrales Anliegen der Schweiz und elementarer Bestandteil der Förderung der guten Regierungsführung. Im Zentrum stehen das transparente, verantwortungsbewusste staatliche Handeln, aber auch die Sanktionierung von Fehlverhalten.

Das Ziel besteht darin, dass öffentliche Mittel wirkungsvoll und effizient für die Entwicklung eines Landes genutzt werden und das Vertrauen zwischen Staat und Bevölkerung gestärkt wird. Staatliche Institutionen und politische Prozesse sollen nicht länger durch korrupte Praktiken untergraben werden. Gerechtere Spielregeln können dazu beitragen, Spannungen zu reduzieren. 

Fokus und Vorgehen

Die DEZA bekämpft alltägliche Dimensionen der Korruption, die den Alltag der Bevölkerung prägen (z.B. Schmiergeldzahlungen für medizinische Behandlungen), aber auch die Korruption im grossen Stil, wo grosse Summen und mächtige Vertreter aus Politik und Wirtschaft involviert sind. Sie verfolgt eine duale Strategie, indem sie Korruptionsbekämpfung mit expliziten Programmen, aber auch als integralen Bestandteil der Programmarbeit in anderen Themenbereichen unterstützt. Sämtliche Facetten werden angesprochen: von Bestechung und Schmiergeldzahlungen, Betrug und Veruntreuung bis zu Vetternwirtschaft, unrechtmässigen Preisabsprachen und Erpressung.

Null-Toleranz-Politik

Ist die DEZA von Korruption betroffen, werden weitere Zahlungen in der Regel bis zur erfolgten juristischen Abklärung sistiert. Zudem wird stets angestrebt, veruntreute Mittel wieder zurückzuerhalten.

Wohin können Sie sich im Verdachtsfall wenden?

Das Compliance Office des EDA ist beauftragt, interne und externe Meldungen über Korruptions- und Missbrauchsfälle in den von der DEZA finanzierten Aktivitäten entgegen zu nehmen. 

Compliance Office des EDA – Korruption, Veruntreuung und Missbrauch melden 

Alternativ können auch Verdachtsfälle bei der Eidgenössischen Finanzkontrolle EFK auf der Plattform der Whistleblowing-Meldestelle gemeldet werden.

Whistleblowing-Plattform, Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle EFK

Aktuelle Projekte

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Public Investment in Energy Efficiency Phase 2 (PIE2)

Openning launch of the thermofitted kindergarden in Songinokhairhan district

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2021

PIE2 aims to increase effectiveness of Public Investment Management (PIM) and of Public Finance Management (PFM) replicating and upscaling the achievements of PIE1 in the two poorest districts of Ulaanbaatar city. Improved PIM and PFM capacities, practices, procedures and regulations will be applied to the thermoretrofitting of public buildings, i.e. 20 schools and kindergartens, aiming for demonstration effect for replication. The need to improve education facilities corresponds to a top priority for UB citizens.


Efficient and Accountable Local Governance

01.11.2017 - 31.10.2022

Local Governments in Bangladesh are tasked to deliver important public services like education, agricultural extension and health. The project supports the clarification of functions for the local public sector, the enhancement of financial management and citizen participation for increased accountability in service delivery, with a focus on the sub-district level, and strengthening women’s participation in political processes. 


Parliament Support Programme (PSP)

01.11.2017 - 31.08.2023

Switzerland supports the Assembly of North Macedonia to become an effective, transparent and independent institution by supporting the Parliament’s institutional development, its oversight and legislative capacities and its transparency and accountability towards citizens, including marginalized groups. This includes changes to the regulatory framework, the promotion of a political culture of consensus building, capacity building for MPs, parliament staff and CSOs and improved electronic architecture for effective and transparent communication.


National Governance and Public Administration Reform (NGPAR): Governance for Inclusive Development Project (GIDP)

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2021

In a context of prevailing poor access to public services, the National Governance and Public Administration Reform Programme (NGPAR) has enhanced inclusive service delivery and local development via strengthening public administrations, increased dialogue, and collaboration between citizens and state for more effective service delivery since 2006. NGPAR Phase 4, the Governance for Inclusive Development Project will focus on support to the devolution process for inclusive and sustainable development in Lao PDR.


Potable Water Management Programme (PWMP) in Upper Egypt – Phase 1

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2021

Egypt is a water scarce country and has critical needs in better managing water resources and reducing water losses as well as water consumption. Switzerland can share its know-how in the water sector. This programme contributes to equitable access to safely managed water to deprived and informal settlement areas in the economically disadvantaged governorate of Aswan in Upper Egypt and to improved potable water management and service provision in Aswan Water & Sanitation Company (AWSC).


Albania: Bashki te Forta (Strong Municipalities)

01.06.2017 - 30.09.2022

Municipal administrations in all 61 municipalities in Albania will be supported to effectively manage service delivery based on the citizens’ needs. Municipal councils will be enabled to better represent citizens’ interests and ensure that public resources are well managed. Setting up a reliable and up-to-date local statistical system will allow an informed decision making. Through these improvements, citizens will benefit from better services such as waste and pre-school education and will actively be involved in local issues.


Sharique Phase IV : SDC LGov Programme

01.03.2017 - 30.11.2020

Sharique has developed a proven capacity development model for urban municipalities strengthening participative and inclusive development planning, transparent budgeting, taxation and representation of women and poor citizens in decision-making and service delivery. In this exit phase, the model will be internalized and applied in two additional districts by national training institutions, empowering 0.8 million citizens to influence planning and provision of public services.


Township Democratic Local Governance (TDLG)

01.12.2016 - 31.12.2020

In Mon State, with a traditionally strong Swiss presence, the project promotes a participatory, inclusive and transparent process around development grants, in order to improve the delivery of basic services at Township and village levels. Together with the state’s authorities, with the aim of including the governance structures of the Ethnic Armed Groups, the living conditions and space for democracy for the local people in ten Townships should improve with tangible development results.


Support to the DPCG (Development Partners’ Coordination Group) Secretariat in Rwanda

15.09.2016 - 15.09.2019

Switzerland and the UK, in an effort to facilitate a broad and fruitful development policy dialogue in Rwanda, will dedicate financial resources towards a UNDP support to the line ministry in charge of aid coordination. It entails, on the one hand, carrying out analytical research leading to evidence-based policy decision, and, on the other hand, the efficient management of the Development Partners’ Coordination Group (DPCG) Secretariat.


PRODEL – Programme to strengthen municipal capacities for local development

01.04.2016 - 30.11.2020

PRODEL is part of the Cuban decentralization reform process that seeks to build the capacities of local government representatives in local development management and assist them in formulating and implementing Municipal Development Strategies (EDMs) as a tool to maximize local resources and improve local services.


Local Governance Program Nicaragua-APIM

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2020

The final phase aims to capitalize and to transfer best practices of public investment cycle into national norms. The program will smoothly phase out the earmarked budget support to 15 municipalities in order to i) strengthen capacities to manage municipal investments plans for rural feeder roads and basic services; and ii) ensure sustainability, inclusive governance and transparency. Best practices and experiences will be documented and disseminated.


Zimbabwe Reconstruction Fund (ZimRef)

01.12.2015 - 31.12.2021

The Zimbabwe Reconstruction Fund is a multi-donor trust fund that supports the Government of Zimbabwe in its reconstruction and development efforts in particular by strengthening the Zimbabwean public finance management and accountability system for improved service delivery, including in the health sector. The fund, with its management mechanism, is currently a key instrument of dialogue and experience sharing between the donors and the Government of Zimbabwe.

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