Jeder Mensch hat ein Recht auf Wasser und Sanitärversorgung

19.11.2015, Chiredzi Distrikt, Simbabwe, Latrinenblock der Primarschule «Ruware».
Zugang zu Wasser und Sanitärversorgung sind Menschenrechte. Schulkinder waschen ihre Hände vor einem Latrinenblock der Primarschule «Ruware» im Chiredzi Distrikt, Simbabwe. © Andreas Steiner, DEZA

Heute haben rund 844 Millionen Menschen keinen Zugang zu Trinkwasser. Die DEZA engagiert sich für eine zuverlässige Versorgung der Menschen mit Trinkwasser und eine ausreichende Sanitärversorgung. Der seit 2010 als Menschenrecht anerkannte Zugang zu Trinkwasser und Sanitärversorgung ist von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Erfüllung der menschlichen Grundbedürfnisse.

Fokus der DEZA

Wasser ist ein Gemeingut, und der Zugang zu Trinkwasser und Sanitärversorgung ist ein Menschenrecht. Die DEZA setzt sich dafür ein, dass die Menschen mit Trinkwasser versorgt werden und dank sanitärer Anlagen und Kläranlagen eine angemessene Hygiene beibehalten können. Die Schweiz verfügt beim Wasser über langjährige, weltweit anerkannte Expertise und unterstützt zahlreiche Aktivitäten:

  • angewandte Forschung und Innovationen
  • Finanzierung um weltweit den Zugang zu Wasser und Abwasserbeseitigung zu verbessern
  • Entwicklung von neuen Ansätzen sogenannter «water stewardship» für Dienstleistungen und neuen Kooperationen mit dem Privatsektor
  • Aufstockung von Infrastrukturprogrammen: Das reibungslose Funktionieren der Anlagen wird auch durch den Ausbau der Kapazitäten und Ausbildung gewährleistet

Die in der Praxis gewonnenen Erfahrungen bringt die DEZA in den politischen Dialog zwischen Regierungen, Privatsektor und Zivilgesellschaft ein, um gegenseitiges Lernen zu fördern und die Anwendung funktionierender, nachhaltiger Lösungen weltweit voranzutreiben.

Hintergrund

Heute haben gemäss UNO rund 844 Millionen Menschen keinen Zugang zu Trinkwasser. 2,3 Milliarden Menschen verfügen nicht über ausreichende sanitäre Anlagen und 892 Millionen müssen ihre Notdurft im Freien verrichten. 80% der Krankheiten in Entwicklungsländern sind ausschliesslich auf mangelhafte sanitäre Bedingungen zurückzuführen.  Weltweit sterben 1000 Kinder unter fünf Jahren pro Tag an einer Durchfallerkrankung, welche auf das Trinken von verschmutztem Wasser zurückzuführen ist. Ursache der Probleme ist allerdings in vielen Fällen nicht Wassermangel per se, sondern vielmehr der Mangel an finanziellem Engagement auf innerstaatlicher und internationaler Ebene um Wasser in angemessener Qualität und an den benötigten Orten zugänglich machen zu können. Daher setzt die DEZA auf die Zusammenarbeit mit allen beteiligten Akteuren mit dem Ziel ein System aufzubauen, das allen langfristig den Zugang zu sauberem Trinkwasser ermöglicht.

Dokumente

Aktuelle Projekte

Objekt 25 – 36 von 127

Dam Safety Technical and Institutional Assistance in Lao PDR (DSTIA)

01.05.2021 - 31.03.2026

Following the Swiss support to the Nationwide Emergency Dam Safety Inspection, the Lao Government requested a longer-term Swiss support in strengthening the national dam safety regulatory and institutional frameworks. By increasing government’s law enforcement and technical capacities to international standards, the project will ensure better protection for downstream communities, estimated in 1,5 million people, and contribute to safe energy production and the sustainability of infrastructure.


Territorial water governance in the Gulf of Fonseca Region - phase II

01.04.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Program facilitates the empowerment of the Watershed Councils of the Nacaome, Choluteca and Sampile rivers in the Gulf of Fonseca Region in terms of their leadership and sustainable and participatory management of the water governance system. This contributes to collaborative processes and investments in the frame of the formulation and implementation of watershed plans, indirectly benefiting 500,000 inhabitants.


Cryospheric Observation and Modelling for improved Adaptation in Central Asia (CROMO-ADAPT)

01.04.2021 - 31.12.2025

Climate change in Central Asia mountain regions will have significant impacts on water availability and occurrence of natural hazards. This project strengthens the glacier, snow and permafrost monitoring systems and capacities in Central Asia, develops user-oriented climate information services, and supports the planning of adaptation measures to increase resilience to climate change. The project builds on Swiss expertise in monitoring and adaptation in alpine water and disaster risk management.


Resilience for Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

01.03.2021 - 31.07.2025

Pastoralism is a millennia old livelihood strategy adapted to the marginal and harsh environ-ments of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). In order to support pastoralists, this programme contributes to strengthening public and private institutions in the water and livestock sectors, putting policy frameworks in place to ensure efficient county-wide and cross-border water and rangeland management systems, and to increase access to water and pasture.


Financing Basin Development at Municipal Level (Localized Blue Peace)

15.02.2021 - 31.12.2024

Whit this contribution, Switzerland catalyses the set-up of a technical assistance facility, managed by the United Nations Capital Development Fund. Based on Swiss experience, municipalities in developing countries are supported in managing innovative water-related multi-sector projects in the context of wider basin development (localized Blue Peace). Inclusive economic development based on a self-sustaining financing model will be enhanced.


Investing in UN-Water: accelerating progress on SDG 6

01.02.2021 - 31.12.2025

UN-Water is the ‘one voice’ of the UN system on all water and sanitation related issues. It is responsible for the monitoring and reporting of SDG 6 and strengthens the global water agenda. By maintaining its support to UN-Water, the SDC helps to reduce the fragmentation of the water sector and contributes to accelerating the achievement of SDG 6, thus keeping its global commitment towards the 2030 Agenda. 


Towards effective Global Water Governance (Core contribution to the Global Water Partnership)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

Sound and integrated water resources management is needed more than ever to respond to the global water crisis and to translate the agenda 2030 on water into action. Multi-stakeholder networks such as the Global Water Partnership (GWP) play a crucial role in supporting inclusive decision-making and in moderating between different interest groups and perspectives to enable the creation and maintenance of momentum for coordinated action.


Mekong River Commission (MRC) – Contribution to the basket fund for the implementation of the Strategic Plan 2021-2025

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

The Mekong River Commission is the only treaty-based intergovernmental organisation for the Mekong River Basin with a clear mandate for integrated water resources management, procedures and tools to support equitable use of water and address transboundary issues. Switzerland with its experience in water diplomacy and management contributes to the implementation of the new Basin Development Strategy (2021-2030) and Strategic Plan (2021-2025) through the multi-donor Basket Fund. 


El Agua Nos Une – Water Stewardship “United for Water

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

Based on Switzerland’s decade long experience on private sector engagement and empowerment of public institutions, “El Agua Nos Une” focuses on strengthening evidence-based decisions for better water governance in 4 Latin American countries. It envisions systemic change towards corporate water use efficiency and pollution mitigation, mobilizing stakeholders and investments in ecosystem preservation; contributing to a more equitable society and responsible water use.


Hands4health Hand hygiene, water quality and sanitation in primary health care facilities and schools not connected to a functional water supply system

01.12.2020 - 31.12.2024

Current technologies and approaches to improve water, sanitation and hygiene are fragmented. Hands4health focuses on the development, testing, evaluation and scaling up of new water efficient hand washing technologies as well as on a holistic approach to hand hygiene, water quality and sanitation. To leave no one behind, the project works in primary health care facilities and schools not connected to a functional water supply system in in four target countries and beyond. 


RésEAU cum Aguasan (formerly SDC Water Network RésEAU’)

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2025

Water security is a key prerequisite of sustainable development and for achieving the Agenda 2030. Herein SDC’s Water Network ‘RésEAU’ plays a key role in supporting efforts towards a water secure world by strengthening the required thematic expertise, helping to better capitalize key learnings and supporting transformational change in line with the new Bill 2021-2024. The next phase of the RésEAU will allow to be ‘fit for purpose’ and to better respond to future challenges and opportunities.


Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (SIRWASH)

01.10.2020 - 31.12.2024

The Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (SIRWASH) initiative improves enabling policy, innovation and knowledge environments and fosters the required capacities to provide sustainable quality water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services to rural communities – in particular poor households and vulnerable people – in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Haiti and Peru. It builds on Switzerland’s over 20 years of experience in strengthening rural WASH systems in Peru and Colombia.

Objekt 25 – 36 von 127