UN-Habitat: Gaza Participatory Spatial Planning Support Program

Project completed
The need to updating the spatial plans and detailed neighbourhood plans with the participation of Citizens, Gaza Strip 2016, ©UN-Habitat

Participatory spatial planning will be tested in 5 municipalities and 10 neighbourhoods of the Gaza Strip by acknowledging that a human rights based approach to planning legitimizes the interests of marginalized groups. This intervention aims at fostering a more sustainable urban environment in the context of continuous demographic growth, while contributing to the overall reconstruction efforts after recurrent armed conflicts, and several years of full blockade of the Gaza Strip.

Country/region Topic Period Budget
Palestinian Authority
Governance
Humanitarian Assistance
Decentralisation
Housing (till 2016)
Post (armed) conflict and state building
01.11.2015 - 30.06.2019
CHF 850'000
Background
  • The living conditions and future prospects are dire for the 1.9 million persons in the Gaza Strip living on 365 sq. km in a situation of accelerated “de-development”. 
  • Since 2007, the whole Gaza Strip has been under land, air and sea blockade by the Occupying Power (Israel) 
  • Recurrent wars in 2008-2009, 2012 and 2014 severely impacted human lives, livelihoods and infrastructure: in Summer 2014 destruction of private housing amounted to ca. 20’000 units (100’000 still homeless more than one year after the end of the conflict)
  • Reconstruction of public and private infrastructure has been slow since September 2014 because of the blockade and the difficulty to get reconstruction material in the Gaza Strip.
Objectives

Local and national institutions active in spatial panning in the oPt are strengthened to support the provision of basic services in a transparent and accountable manner.

Target groups

Primary target groups and beneficiaries: Five Gazan Municipalities (out of 25) and two neighbourhood communities within each of these Municipalities possibly reaching ca.200’000 persons.

 

Secondary target groups: Ministry of Local Government/MDLF, Ministry of Public Works and Housing. For coordination purpose, Gaza-based inter-agency Shelter and EWASH clusters will also be targeted

Medium-term outcomes
  • Capacities of local and national institutions, in particular municipalities, neighbourhood committees and government reconstruction Unit, in the Gaza Strip,  are strengthened for the provision of participatory, transparent and accountable urban spatial planning and improved services
  • Communities and citizens of municipalities affected by the armed conflict are actively involved in spatial planning in the Gaza Strip
Results

Expected results:  

  1. Improved municipal capacity to conduct and monitor participatory spatial planning including requisite business processes and technical skills of staff. 
  2. Community social cohesion strengthened - with a specific focus on women and youth - through participatory neighbourhood and municipal spatial planning processes.
  3. Intra-governmental and government-citizen collaboration built through the participatory spatial planning processes at the neighbourhood and municipal levels in five municipalities.
  4. 5 municipal and 10 neighbourhood spatial plans developed and approved.


Directorate/federal office responsible SDC
Credit area Development cooperation
Project partners Contract partner
United Nations Organization (UNO)
  • United Nations Human Settlements Program
  • UN Habitat


Other partners

Palestinian Housing Council (PHC)

Norwegian Refugee Council, incl. Shelter and EWASH clusters in the Gaza Strip

Coordination with other projects and actors

Potential is recognized with ongoing interventions

7F-07621.01 (Contributions to MDPII and GIZ) 7F-09398.01 NRC (IDPs re-registration/UDOC) 7F-08809.01 (AM Qattan/Culture and LG)   

Complementarities with interventions covered by Domain  “Rule of Law/Protection” will be sought through project partners

Budget Current phase Swiss budget CHF   850'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF   842'003
Project phases

Phase 1 01.11.2015 - 30.06.2019   (Completed)