Democratización, para un desarrollo inclusivo y sostenible

Una joven introduce la papeleta de voto en una urna electoral.
La COSUDE trabaja por la celebración de elecciones justas y transparentes, p. ej., en Túnez. © COSUDE

Fomentar los valores democráticos es fundamental para una gobernanza que incluya a todas las personas. La participación equitativa de todos los grupos de población aumenta las posibilidades de un desarrollo equilibrado del que todos se benefician. Con ella, se ponen límites a la corrupción y al abuso de poder, lo cual reduce el riesgo de frustración y confrontación política. La promoción de la democracia es una de las prioridades de la política exterior suiza. 

La democratización es una de las inquietudes principales de la COSUDE. El objetivo es fomentar la intervención de la ciudadanía y una actuación responsable del gobierno. La participación equitativa de los diferentes grupos de población en la vida política y la cogestión en cuestiones que influyen en la vida cotidiana permiten la integración de intereses diversos y la adopción de decisiones ampliamente apoyadas. Esto fortalece la legitimidad de los procesos políticos y el sentido de corresponsabilidad en la implementación. Otros principios básicos de la democracia son el reparto y control del poder, la rendición de cuentas, la igualdad de derechos y el Estado de Derecho.

Suiza apoya tanto las instituciones como los procesos democráticos. Fomenta la interacción de las diferentes fuerzas democráticas que influyen en el sistema político y se refuerzan mutuamente. Concede especial importancia a la promoción de la igualdad de género, la igualdad de participación y la protección de los grupos de población desfavorecidos. Su compromiso le lleva a informarse políticamente y a apoyar soluciones relevantes para el contexto, basándose en lo ya existente y orientándose por los valores democráticos y no por modelos específicos.

La democratización es importante para el desarrollo inclusivo y sostenible. Pero también constituye un objetivo en sí mismo para la garantía de los derechos civiles y políticos, y un requisito previo para el cumplimiento de otros derechos básicos sociales, económicos y culturales. La democratización puede contribuir también a la desescalada de los conflictos violentos.

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 25 – 36 de 261

Trans-Border Dialogue for Peace in the Great Lakes Region

01.09.2021 - 31.08.2026

Jointly with the European Union, Switzerland supports a trans-border dialogue for peace in the Great Lakes Region, a program run by Interpeace with local NGOs. This third phase will focus on young women and young men as key drivers for peace and stability in the region and expand its activities to Uganda to further tackle the regionality of conflicts in the region. This will contribute to a better promotion of peace, good governance and concrete consensus-based solutions, in the region. 


Direct Health Facility Financing

01.09.2021 - 30.06.2026

Together with the Tanzanian Government and development partners, Switzerland’s contribution to the reformed Health Basket Fund builds on positive results achieved so far and pursues to strengthen the health system that benefits 58 million inhabitants. Switzerland’s contribution will further expand effective decentralisation through the Direct Health Facility Financing mechanism to state and non-state primary health care providers, thus accelerating Tanzania’s progress towards universal health coverage and “Leaving no One Behind”.


SRBM - Strengthening Representative Bodies in Mongolia

01.08.2021 - 31.12.2023

On request of the authorities, the project ensures the implementation and oversight over new local governance laws to ensure public service delivery and sustainable rangeland management. Based on SDC supported achievements on democratic governance in Mongolia, increased technical cooperation between the Swiss and the Mongolian Parliamentary Services is at the core of the project. Gender equality and pro-poor approaches are mainstreamed.


Leave No One Behind Project

01.08.2021 - 31.07.2025

Albania is building up its social protection system, with the vision of providing decentralized services. The importance of an effective social protection system has increased by the ongoing pandemic. The project covers part of the social protection system. Its 2nd phase scales up the reform roll-out. This Albania-Switzerland-UN’ effort collaborates with 50% of municipalities and strengthens their capacities to support 160’000 vulnerable people.


Territorial Inclusive Economic Development in the Mosquitia region, department of Gracias a Dios

01.08.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Honduran Mosquitia is one of the poorest and most conflict-ridden region in the country. With the program, Switzerland promotes income for the indigenous population, improves food security and thus contributes to reducing migration and improving regional stability. In cooperation with the private sector the program generates 1000 net new jobs, seeks to increment the income of 1700 families by 5% per year (USD 360/year in 2020), and promotes an increase in public investment in the territory by at least 10% per year. 


Enhanced Skills for Sustainable and Rewarding Employment (ENSSURE) Phase II

16.07.2021 - 15.07.2025

For Nepalese women and men to gain and retain social and economic benefits from lifelong learning, the establishment of a well-functioning federalised Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system is crucial. In light of its long-standing expertise in TVET and federalism, Switzerland is well placed to support the implementation of a federalised TVET system that responds to the needs of enterprises and increases the prospect of gainful employment for all, especially youths. 


Supporting the Security Sector Reform (SSR) Process in The Gambia

01.07.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Gambia, which is a priority country in regard to Swiss migration interest, initiated a national SSR process in 2017. Based on 3 years of in-depth research and support to this process, in 2021 DCAF launched a new program to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the Gambian security sector. Through its contribution, Switzerland aims to improve the quality of services provided to local communities by the immigration department by strengthening its management and accountability.


2021 Population and Housing Census of Nepal

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2022

The goal is to support the Government of Nepal to conduct the 2021 census in line with international standards to obtain high quality data, reflecting Nepal’s social, ethnic, religious and linguistic diversity and which can be used to better respond to the needs of the different population groups. Given its track record and emphasis on federal state building, Switzerland has a key interest that the census is adapted to the federal context and gender equality and social inclusion principles are followed. 


Long-term support to UNRWA’s reform

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2022

Switzerland contributes to enable UNRWA to pursue key reform areas of its Medium-Term Strategy 2016-2022, mainly by supporting (i) management initiatives and set of actions to ensure that governance, accountability, management and transparency meet international standards, and (ii) the systematic integration and attention to the needs of vulnerable groups, in particular children, persons with disabilities and women survivors of violence.


Promotion and respect of human rights, gender equality and the international humanitarian law

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland aims at enhancing prospects for Palestinians to live in dignity, prosperity and peace with Israel, via the respect and promotion of human rights, including gender equality, international humanitarian law and the rule of law by all duty bearers. To this end, SDC supports ten Palestinian and Israeli human rights and humanitarian law organizations active in the oPt, which provide legal aid and protection services to the population and advocate for the respect of the international law. 



Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies (SDG 16), Phase 3 (Contribution 21 – 23) Formerly: Pathfinders for Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies

01.05.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland has a strategic interest in shaping the global dialogue on development and peace. The Agenda 2030’s Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG16) on “Peaceful, Just and Inclusive Societies” provides a unique opportunity. This is why Switzerland is contributing to three initiatives advocating complementarily at the global and national levels, increasing poltical engagement and financial means to advance reforms and good governance, while leaving no one behind.   

Objeto 25 – 36 de 261