Gestión integral del agua


In Bolivia, Switzerland has been supporting the Ministry of the Environment and Water in improving integrated water and watershed management for several years. In this last phase of the project, support is given to the consolidation and implementation of the “Plan Nacional de Cuencas” (National Watershed Plan) to ensure water security and increase the climate resilience of vulnerable populations. Consolidation includes better coordination among various state levels, sectors and institutions and the systematization and capitalization of experiences and results.

Pays/région Thème Période Budget
Bolivia
Changement climatique & environnement
Eau
Politique de l’environnement
Conservation des ressources en eau
Réduction des risques de catastrophes
01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022
CHF 3'800'000
Contexte The “Plan Nacional de Cuencas”, the current national policy on water and watersheds, originated in 2006, with support from the SDC among others. It was conceived as a tool to put concepts and strategies into practice, gathering local experiences of integral watershed and water management. Since 2014, thanks to an improvement in watershed governance, investments in the integral management of water resources and integral management of watersheds projects have increased.  However, problems such as scarcity, excess and poor water quality, soil erosion and sediments, deforestation and desertification persist due to increased urbanization, inadequate management of natural resources and productive techniques, social conflicts and lack of adequate planning at the subnational level, exacerbated by climate change. Bolivia is one of the countries most affected by this phenomenon in South America, endangering the availability of water. This is why in this phase, public policy is consolidated through watershed management plans with alternative climate financing mechanisms to ensure the availability of water for the entire population. A focus is put on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the framework of a new comprehensive planning system of the state of Bolivia.
Objectifs

To Support the consolidation of the “Plan Nacional de Cuencas” and, through its application, contribute to the improvement of the living conditions of the rural population and small urban centers of the Valleys and Altiplano in Bolivia in a context of social, economic and environmental vulnerability.

Objective: To support the operationalization of the national policy on integrated water and watershed management in a manner that guarantees water security and contributes to the climate resilience of families in strategic watersheds.

Groupes cibles
  • 10’000 families in two strategic watersheds, one transboundary and the other in a mining community
  • The Ministry of the Environment and Water
  • The Ministry of Development Planning
  • At least 2 “gobiernos autónomos departamentales” (La Paz and Potosí)
  • At least two “gobiernos autonomous municipals” corresponding to the work areas (strategic watersheds)
  • Indirectly 14 strategic watersheds, 139 municipalities and 6'700'000 inhabitants (61% of the country's population)
Effets à moyen terme

Outcome 1. Strengthened public water and watershed policy and its implementation in accordance with the new comprehensive planning system of the state of Bolivia. 

Outcome 2. Established and consolidated intra- and inter-institutional and sectoral synergies. 

Outcome 3. Public, private and social actors have and apply capacities and lessons learned for water and watershed management.

Résultats

Principaux résultats attendus:  

1.1 Contribution to the Joint Financing Mechanism of the “Plan Nacional de Cuencas”.

1.2 Technical Assistance Requirements for the “Plan Nacional de Cuencas”.

1.3 “Planes Directores de Cuenca” in 2 strategic watersheds defined in the “Plan Nacional de Cuencas”.

2.2 Mechanisms, platform and networks of intra- and interinstitutional and sectoral articulation established.

2.3 Project proposals elaborated and socialized within the framework of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs, an international commitment).

3.1 Communication strategy for Development/Knowledge Management elaborated and implemented jointly with the Ministry of Environment and Water.

3.2 Experiences of integrated water management and watersheds systematized and disseminated.


Principaux résultats antérieurs:   Since 2010 (in the past two phases), 85’000 families (4% of Bolivia's population) have benefited in micro-watersheds in 130 municipalities (38% of the country's total). Indirectly, 360’000 families (16%) have benefited. They increased their resilience and food security through different watershed management practices and adaptation measures to climate change. The access, availability and efficient use of water was improved, with an approximate increase of 12'000'000 m3 and their economic income in at least 15% in real terms. 67’000 families (3%) replicate good practices. 18’000 women have developed capacities in various areas (economic development, productive issues, adaptation to climate change, conflict-sensitive project management elements, etc.). 18’000 hectares of degraded ecosystems have been improved and restored. Public entities at the national, departmental and local levels exercise their competencies, strengthened for the integral management of water and watersheds within the framework of a water and watershed Management policy (“Plan Nacional de Cuencas”) in the Ministry of the Environment and Water in 4 of the 9 “Gobernaciones” (Cochabamba, Tarija, Chuquisaca and Potosí) and more than 130 municipalities.


Direction/office fédéral responsable DDC
Crédit Coopération au développement
Partenaire de projet Partenaire contractuel
  • HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation
  • SDC Field Office


Coordination avec d'autres projets et acteurs
  • Basket Fund for the “Plan Nacional de Cuencas” (Belgium, Germany, Sweden)
  • Belgian Cooperation (project “PAERE”)
  • German Cooperation: with the project “ProCuencas” (GIZ) with KfW which supports the Ravelo watershed
  • World Bank/IDB
Budget Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF   3'800'000 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF   500'000
Phases du projet Phase 3 01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022   (Phase en cours) Phase 2 01.09.2014 - 31.12.2018   (Completed) Phase 1 01.09.2010 - 28.02.2016   (Completed)