Réduction de la pauvreté par la prévention des conflits et des catastrophes

Deux enfants sur un char de cotton
La culture du coton est un secteur important et l’une des chaines de valeurs clé de l’économie au Kirghizstan. © DDC

Les conflits, la violence et les violations des droits de l’homme comptent parmi les principaux défis en matière de lutte contre la pauvreté et contre la fragilité au sens large. Les fragilités d’un Etat se caractérisent par l’incapacité du gouvernement de garantir la sécurité des citoyens et d’assurer les services publics de base ainsi que par l’absence d’une relation constructive entre celui-ci et la population.

Plus de 40 pays du monde, dans lesquels vivent environ 1,5 milliard de personnes, sont affectés par des situations de fragilité ou touchés par la violence ou un conflit. D’ici 2030, plus de 80% des pauvres de la planète pourraient vivre dans les contextes fragiles si aucune action plus concertée n’est entreprise dès aujourd’hui.

La fragilité constitue une menace majeure pour la réalisation de l’Agenda 2030 pour le développement durable. Pour lutter contre, il importe de rendre compte de toutes les nuances de la fragilité et élaborer des approches différenciées selon les contextes, tenant compte de l’ensemble du spectre des problématiques, y compris celles qui s’avèrent délicates et sensibles.

Action menée dans les contextes fragiles

La Suisse intensifie ses efforts dans le but de prévenir et gérer les conséquences de crises, catastrophes et de la fragilité. Son objectif: allouer la moitié de son aide bilatérale aux contextes affectés par des conflits ou des fragilités.

Le travail de la DDC dans les contextes fragiles

L’action de la Suisse s’inscrit dans la promotion de sociétés pacifiques, justes et inclusives. Elle s’engage directement à ne laisser personne de côté (Leave no-one behind).

Caractéristiques des contextes fragiles

Les Etats et les régions fragiles se caractérisent par des institutions faibles, par une pauvreté élevée, par la violence, la corruption et l’arbitraire qui y règnent. Les fragilités se révèlent tant dans le contexte de développement et de transition que de crise humanitaire.

Promouvoir des sociétés pacifiques et inclusives

Focus sur l’ODD 16+ pour promouvoir des sociétés pacifiques, justes et inclusives en vue d'un développement durable et pour combattre les conflits.

Prévention des conflits et de toutes les formes de violences

La prévention des conflits violents a pour but d’éviter tout nouvel embrasement et d’empêcher la création de nouveaux foyers de violence. Elle ne consiste pas seulement à empêcher les crises mais également à en adresser les causes.

Documents

Projets actuels

Objet 133 – 144 de 312

Projet terminé

oPt: Community empowerment in the Gaza Strip

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2018

SDC partnership with the Culture and Free Thought Association (CFTA) enables the provision of quality services in vulnerable and marginalized areas of the Gaza Strip. CFTA’s work aims at strengthening the capacities of the Palestinian civil society in the Gaza Strip through integrated programs for children, youth, and women – in particular non formal education, psychosocial support, artistic skills development, rights awareness and fighting against domestic violence -  and support to CBOs organizations and networks. CFTA is also a platform for youth and women to become active members of their communities.


Projet terminé

Diakonia International Humanitarian Law Resource Center (IHLRC)

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2016

SDC Program in the oPt supports Diakonia's International Humanitarian Law Resource Centre (IHLRC) catering to t demand for accurate, objective and principled legal analysis on International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in the oPt, and makes it accessible to Third States and other parties, whose policies and international aid improve compliance with international law. This intervention is in line with the Swiss Foreign Policy in the Region and SDC Cooperation Strategy 2015-2018 that aims to promote respect for International Law, to ensure protection by all duty-bearers of the rights of the Palestinian population.


Projet terminé

Regional Art and Culture Programme in Central Asia

01.01.2016 - 31.03.2020

The programme builds on a vision that the strengthened and pluralistic cultural sector contributes to developing and empowering the civil society. The programme aims to protect and to enlarge a social space where democratic values can be expressed and intercultural dialogue happen. lt has the potential to allow marginalised voices to be heard and new or unpopular ideas to be shared.


Projet terminé

Integrated Protection, Education and WASH Assistance to Vulnerable Children and their Families Affected by the IDP Crisis in Iraq

15.12.2015 - 31.08.2017

The Iraq crisis is causing severe impact on the well-being of children who are increasingly exposed to conflict, displacement, and death. A growing number of school aged children affected by the conflict do not have access to basic standard education. This project, implemented by SDC’s partner Save the Children, contributes to creating safer environments for conflict-affected children to help them learn, receive psychosocial treatment and improve their health and wellbeing in the underserved region of Khanaqin.


Multidonor Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB): Improvement of Citizen Security in Latin America and the Caribbean

01.12.2015 - 31.12.2023

The support provided by SDC (single- phase project) focusses on improving the effectiveness of public policies on citizen security in the Latin American and Caribbean countries, as a response to high levels of violence in the region. SDC will contribute to the IDB Multidonor Fund of the Citizen Security Initiative (CSI), aiming to strengthen the capacity of states to implement public policies on citizen security and promote exchange of lessons learnt through regional dialogue and bi- and multilateral cooperation in earmarked projects.


Projet terminé

LEB- UN-Habitat: Addressing the impacts of the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Tripoli and Tyr

01.12.2015 - 31.05.2018

With over 1 million Syrian refugees against a population of around 4.2 million, Lebanon now has the highest number of refugees per capita in the world. Around 35 % of those refugees are hosted in the four largest cities: Tripoli, Beirut, Saida and Tyr which accommodate 50% of the total population in Lebanon. Priority needs are shelter, food and livelihoods. UN-Habitat in Lebanon addresses the urban challenges and needs in these cities.


Projet terminé

Support to more effective Mine Action and Strengthening of National Mine Action Capacities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

01.12.2015 - 31.08.2018

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has left behind a grim legacy of mines and other explosive remnants. This leftover has a negative impact on the quality of life of the affected population and hampers the development. With this project, Switzerland will contribute to improving the quality of life of the population in areas affected by mines and other explosive remnants of war by speeding up and supporting more effective mine action activities in BiH and thus creating preconditions for socio-economic development in the country.


Projet terminé

DRC: Renforcement de la cohesion sociale, de la protection et amelioration des moyens d'existence des populations de Mopti

14.11.2015 - 14.03.2017

La crise au nord du Mali a fragilisé la cohésion sociale et aggravé ainsi les tensions inter et intracommunautaires préexistantes. Les Möcanismes traditionnels de résolution des conflits peinent à atténuer ces tensions. La signature de l'Accord de Paix a donné  un espoir de retour d'une paix durable. Ce projet contribuera, à travers une approche communautraire inclusive, impliquant les autorités locales (Collectivités, autorités traditionnelles et administratives), à renforcer la cohésion social et la résilience des populations vulnérables de la région de Mopti. 


Projet terminé

UN-Habitat: Gaza Participatory Spatial Planning Support Program

01.11.2015 - 30.06.2019

Participatory spatial planning will be tested in 5 municipalities and 10 neighbourhoods of the Gaza Strip by acknowledging that a human rights based approach to planning legitimizes the interests of marginalized groups. This intervention aims at fostering a more sustainable urban environment in the context of continuous demographic growth, while contributing to the overall reconstruction efforts after recurrent armed conflicts, and several years of full blockade of the Gaza Strip.


Projet terminé

Emergency Response to Gaza Municipalities (“Window 5” of MDP-II)

01.11.2015 - 31.12.2016

The infrastructure of the 25 Municipalities in the Gaza Strip was severely hit in July-August 2014. On the basis of a dedicated needs assessment, a specific funding window was designed in the World Bank-led and SDC co-funded Municipal Development Programme (MDP-II). Through an additional contribution to this funding window, SDC will facilitate the restoration of key municipal services and the rehabilitation of damaged municipal infrastructure in line with the objectives of the Swiss Cooperation Strategy for the oPt 2015-2018.


Projet terminé

Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF)

01.11.2015 - 30.06.2018

Millions of Afghan women, men and children gained access to services and improved their income since the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund’s initiation (ARTF) in 2002. It also significantly contributed to the Afghan state’s capacity. ARTF is a coordinated financing mechanism for the state budget and its priority national investment projects focusing on agriculture, rural development, infrastructure, education, health and governance.


Projet terminé

Contribution to Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA)

01.11.2015 - 30.06.2018

For the benefit of Afghan women, men and children as well as of the rule of law in Afghanistan, the Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) contributes to a more human rights compliant, institutionally strengthened and more gender balanced Afghan National Police. Amongst other, it supports community policing as well as the recruitment, retention and training of policewomen and the improvement of their working conditions.

Objet 133 – 144 de 312