Prévention des catastrophes, aide d’urgence, reconstruction et protection

Personnes recueillant de l'eau issue d’une citerne au Sud Soudan
Au Sud Soudan, l’Aide humanitaire a construit plusieurs points d’approvisionnement en eau pour permettre aux communautés locales d’avoir accès à l’eau potable. © DDC

La prévention des catastrophes, l’aide d’urgence et la reconstruction sont les trois champs d’intervention couverts par l’Aide humanitaire de la DDC. Ils correspondent à un engagement avant, pendant et après les crises, les conflits armés et les catastrophes.

La prévention englobe toutes les mesures de protection de la population et des infrastructures. La prévention des dangers et la réduction de la vulnérabilité font partie du développement durable et sont soutenues dans tous les projets et programmes de la DDC. L’aide d’urgence a pour mission de sauver des vies et d’alléger les souffrances lors de crises. Deux tiers des fonds gérés par l’Aide humanitaire de la DDC sont consacrés à l’aide d’urgence. Après l’urgence et lorsque la situation s’est stabilisée, les travaux de reconstruction et de réhabilitation peuvent débuter. Dans des situations de conflits prolongés, ces instruments peuvent être engagés simultanément. 

La protection des populations constitue l’une des quatre priorités thématiques de l’Aide humanitaire de la DDC, au même titre que la réduction des risques de catastrophes, l’eau/assainissement/hygiène ainsi que les violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre.

Prévention des catastrophes

Les catastrophes naturelles frappent aussi bien les pays riches que les pays pauvres, mais leurs répercussions diffèrent en fonction du niveau de développement.

Aide immédiate et aide d’urgence

A travers ses experts du Corps suisse d’aide humanitaire (CSA), la Confédération apporte une aide d’urgence, partout dans le monde, en cas de crises, de conflits et de catastrophes.

Reconstruction et réhabilitation

La reconstruction a pour objet de rétablir les conditions de vie de la population sinistrée.

Protection

Les conflits armés et les catastrophes naturelles exposent les survivants à des risques de violence physique ou psychique.

Projets actuels

Objet 25 – 36 de 111

Accès aux populations vulnérables grâce au soutien au Service Aérien Humanitaire des Nations Unies (UNHAS)

01.01.2019 - 30.11.2024

L’UNHAS est le service aérien des Nations Unies qui appuie la mise en œuvre d’interventions humanitaires ainsi que du développement économique et social en faveur des populations les plus vulnérables et marginalisées du Niger. L'UNHAS facilite et sécurise au Niger l'essentiel des déplacements des agents des programmes respectifs, leur permettant de rejoindre les régions reculées du pays et leurs populations rapidement et en toute sécurité.


Stay, Deliver and Protect (SDP)

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

Afghanistan continues to face a protracted humanitarian crisis. Armed conflict results in large-scale population displacements and a high number of civilian casualties. Insecurity causes significant challenges to humanitarian access and responses, especially where they are needed most. "Stay, Deliver and Protect" aims to facilitate humanitarian access and to promote protection of education, protection of civilians, psychosocial support and humanitarian coordination in conflict-affected communities.


SPHERE Project 2019-2021

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

Since 1997, Sphere, as a network and as a global community, brings together a diverse range of humanitarian actors, including focal points, trainers, members and other users around a common goal, which is to improve outcomes for people affected by crisis, conflict and disaster and having the right to receive the best quality of principled and accountable humanitarian assistance wherever and whenever crisis strikes.


SDC Education Fund

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

As part of its increased commitment for Education and of the implementation of SDC’s Education Strategy, the SDC launches an Education Fund in order to incentivize innovation and the application of new approaches in basic education/vocational skills development and through educational activities across sectors. Innovation can have a catalytic effect on the effectiveness of programmes in and through education. Education is a core enabler for sustainable development and is an important lever in Switzerland’s commitment to promote human and economic development, peace and stability. 


Soutien aux activités d’INSO au Sahel

15.12.2018 - 31.12.2021

Switzerland will support the activities of INSO in the Sahel Region for the coming 4 years. By doing so, Switzerland caters to the safety and security of its implementing agencies, international and African alike, in Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad. This will allow SDC to fulfill its mandate of operating in fragile contexts, keeping-up with the principles of “staying engaged” and respecting humanitarian principles. Benefitting organisations will be able to increase their conflict-sensitivity both while in the field and when devising new programmes.


Ethiopia, IOM - Durable Solutions

10.12.2018 - 09.06.2021

Ethiopia has about 2.1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) mainly due to conflict, drought and flood. Addressing the needs of IDPs has been limited to meeting their short-term humanitarian needs. Given the prolonged economic, social, and gender impacts of displacement on individuals, there is a critical need for longer-term solutions. Switzerland will contribute through IOM to address the long-term needs of the displaced and host communities in their search for self-sufficiency.


Retain Access in Afghanistan (RAA)

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2022

The security situation in Afghanistan remains a major concern for humanitarian and development actors. They depend on reliable security reports and advisory services, on independent analyses of political events and trends, and on physical access to remote and conflict-affected areas. With this project, strengthening the humanitarian-development nexus, the SDC enables interventions that are essential for poor populations and people in need of humanitarian assistance and development aid.  


Regional Development and Protection Program (RDPP)

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2021

The conflict in Syria has forced hundreds of thousands of Syrians to seek refuge in neighboring countries, confronting the concerned governments, host communities, and the refugees themselves with tremendous challenges. Switzerland, first by the Secretariat for Migration and now by SDC, supports Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq to address these challenges and mitigate the impact of forced displacement on host communities through a combination of protection with livelihood approaches. SDC is well positioned to further the labor market integration of refugees and other vulnerable migrants due to its long-standing experience on labor migration issues in the region.


Enhancing security coordination and local contextual understanding to increase humanitarian access

01.12.2018 - 30.11.2020

This project aims at enhancing security coordination and local contextual understanding to increase humanitarian access to insecure locations both inside and outside of Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites. Through enhanced understanding of the context, operational threats can be better mitigated by NGOs, facilitating scale-up of programme and service delivery to the affected population in South Sudan’s Upper Nile and Unity States.


Mali : ACF-E - Projet d'amélioration de la Sécurité Nutritionnelle dans le cercle de Tombouctou - PASEN

01.12.2018 - 28.02.2021

Au Mali, 34 % des cas de mortalité infantile sont associés à la sous-nutrition. Ce taux est encore plus critique à Tombouctou, où la précarité climatique et économique est couplée à l'insécurité. C'est pourquoi, la Suède et la Suisse joignent leurs efforts pour assurer la prise en charge des besoins nutritionnels urgents d'enfants malnutris et pour renforcer les actions de prévention. Pour assurer la durabilité des interventions, le projet prévoit également une implication plus importante des communautés et des institutions locales dans la prise en char e et révention de la malnutrition.


CCCM: Comprehensive Mine Action in Algeciras

24.11.2018 - 23.03.2021

SDC will continue supporting the clearance of antipersonnel mines explosive/unexploded ordnances/ improvised explosive devices in the municipality of Algeciras (Huila), as part of the implementation of the peace accord with the FARC-EP. This project aims to protect highly affected communities by the armed conflict and create conditions for socioeconomic and territorial development in a zone where the FARC-EP had a historic presence. This contribution will address a key issue for a sustainable peace in Colombia. It will also strengthen Campaña Colombiana Contra Minas (CCCM), which is the first Colombian association accredited for humanitarian demining.


CDNH: Conflict prevention Rakhine

01.11.2018 - 30.04.2021

After the events in Rakhine in August 2017, violence and communal tensions are still prevailing and mistrust has increased among and between communities, state and village officials and security authorities. The need to gather the stakeholders around conflict prevention, livelihood skills enhancement, conflict analysis and gender and civic education is repeatedly expressed by all. This project helps to improve the relationship between the main key actors in and around Rakhine to lower the potential of further tensions, abuses and install trust-building mechanisms.

Objet 25 – 36 de 111