Représentations suisses à l'étranger
The 32nd International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent of December 2015 recognized the imperative need to improve compliance with IHL and mandated Switzerland, together with the ICRC, to facilitate an “intergovernmental process to find agreement on features and functions of a potential forum of States and to find ways to enhance the implementation of IHL using the potential of the International Conference and IHL regional forums”. As in the previous phase of the project (01.09.2016 to 31.07.2017), Switzerland, jointly with the ICRC, will continue to organize and facilitate negotiation meetings in Geneva, open to all States, with a view to strengthening the international system for reinforcing respect for IHL.
Aide humanitaire & RRC
Protection, accès & sécurité
There is a large agreement that IHL continues to provide an adequate legal framework to regulate the conduct of parties to armed conflicts. However, more efforts are needed to strengthen respect for the law. Switzerland and the ICRC have jointly consulted States on possible ways and means of strengthening respect for IHL between 2012 and 2015. A large majority of States expressed support for establishing a forum of States on IHL, given that there is currently no institutional forum for States to discuss challenges to the implementation of IHL.
At the 32nd International Red Cross / Red Crescent Conference, States agreed to enter into negotiations on the features and functions of such a forum. They also committed to further explore ways of making better use of the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent as well as regional forums to enhance the implementation of IHL. This process is currently the most important and promising multilateral avenue for strengthening the current system for reinforcing respect for IHL.
|Objectifs||Strengthening the international system to reinforce the implementation of IHL notably by enhanced dialogue and cooperation among States.|
|Effets à moyen terme||
Principaux résultats attendus:
Principaux résultats antérieurs: The first phase of the intergovernmental process was held from summer 2016 to summer 2017. While States continued to underline the imperative need to improve compliance with IHL, scepticism against creating a new forum has incerased. Further discussions will focus more strongly, as already foreseen in the work plan established in late 2016, on other measures aimed at increasing dialogue and cooperation on IHL.
|Direction/office fédéral responsable||
|Partenaire de projet||
Autre organisation internationale
|Coordination avec d'autres projets et acteurs||
|Budget||Phase en cours Budget de la Suisse CHF 160’000 Budget suisse déjà attribué CHF 88’045|