Agricoltura e sicurezza alimentare

Le donne mettono il riso in un campo bagnato.
Nelle zone rurali l'agricoltura è spesso ancora la sola fonte di attività. © CGIAR

La fame e la denutrizione mettono in pericolo non solo la salute degli individui, ma essenzialmente anche lo sviluppo di interi Paesi. La DSC s’impegna affinché tutti abbiano un’alimentazione adeguata, sufficiente e di buona qualità. In quest’ottica attribuisce importanza all’intera catena della creazione di valore dei generi alimentari, che inizia dai campi nei quali si producono gli alimenti, prosegue con lo stoccaggio, la lavorazione, i mercati, il commercio, i trasporti e finisce sulle tavole dei consumatori.

La DSC si impegna a livello mondiale per il diritto degli esseri umani a un’alimentazione adeguata. Pianifica le sue attività con l’obiettivo di dare alle fasce della popolazione più povere e svantaggiate come i piccoli agricoltori, le donne e i giovani un accesso equo al sapere, alle risorse produttive e ai mercati. In questo contesto la DSC sostiene queste fasce della popolazione nell’uso produttivo e parsimonioso delle risorse naturali, nella gestione degli effetti del cambiamento climatico, nello stoccaggio e nella commercializzazione dei loro prodotti e nel costante adattamento a condizioni ambientali sempre diverse. In tutto questo, essa presta particolare attenzione alla conservazione della biodiversità altamente minacciata. Al contempo lavora anche per creare sistemi di consulenza e ricerca orientati alle esigenze.

La DSC promuove inoltre innovazioni lungo le catene di creazione di valore dei generi alimentari, che consentono ai consumatori e alle consumatrici un’alimentazione sana e variata nonché l’accesso ad alimenti adeguati, sia nelle aree rurali che in quelle urbane.

Un’agricoltura sostenibile che assicura un’alimentazione sana e preservi la biodiversità è la base per garantire a tutti il diritto a un’alimentazione adeguata. Alla luce di questo obiettivo, la Svizzera s’impegna nel settore della sicurezza alimentare nell’ambito della cooperazione internazionale. In quest’ottica l’agricoltura svizzera, con la sua produzione alimentare multifunzionale orientata all’equilibrio sociale e regionale, basata sulle famiglie e rispettosa dell’ambiente, funge da modello.

Accesso all'alimentazione

Affermare il diritto a un’alimentazione adeguata per le fasce di popolazione più povere e svantaggiate con sistemi alimentari equi («dal campo al piatto»).

Produzione, consulenza e commercializzazione

Sostenere i piccoli agricoltori e agricoltrici e le loro organizzazioni nella produzione sostenibile, nello stoccaggio e nella commercializzazione delle loro derrate.

Diritti fondiari

Accesso equo alla terra e alle risorse naturali per rafforzare l’autonomia delle comunità rurali.

Biodiversità

Conservare la varietà delle piante utili e migliorare i sistemi delle sementi puntando sulle conoscenze della popolazione locale e garantendo la conservazione delle specie tradizionali.

Combattere la desertificazione e l’erosione del suolo

Proteggere e conservare la fertilità dei suoli.

Aiuto alimentare

Garantire alle persone colpite da situazioni di conflitto, crisi e catastrofi la fornitura di generi alimentari di base nonché di altri prodotti e servizi.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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Strengthening the Right to Adequate Food, FIAN International

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2020

With 815 million undernourished people in 2017, the right to food as laid in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights is still not realized. For the past thirty years, FIAN International has raised awareness about people’s right to food worldwide and expanded spaces for civil society to hold governments more accountable. This project will promote effective participation of rights holders in food security and nutrition policies and governance mechanisms and be complemented by SDC support  to the mandate of the UN Special rapporteur on the right to food.


Generating Rubber Opportunities project (GRO)

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

The production of natural rubber is a key livelihood activity of farmers in Mon and Kayin State and northern Tanintharyi region. CARE International is mandated to implement a Market Systems Development project to work with all market actors and particularly the support institutions (meso level) for improving information, market access and access to inputs for 25,000 farmers as well as improving working conditions of particularly women in rubber plantations.


Programme d’Appui au Plaidoyer des Faîtières des Organisations Socio-professionnelles Agricoles (AP/OSP)

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2019

Au Bénin, les bases légales et politiques de développement de l’agriculture et de l’artisanat ne sont pas encore toutes définies de commun accord avec tous les acteurs. La DDC a l’ambition de continuer à renforcer le rôle d’interpellation, de proposition, de participation et de suivi de la mise en œuvre des politiques agricoles favorables aux exploitations familiales paysannes des organisations socioprofessionnelles faitières vis-à-vis de l’Etat.


Cocoa value chain

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2022

Actors in the Central American cocoa value chain improve their productivity, establish public-private alliances, respect economic, social and cultural rights, and reduce their environmental impact. Thanks to the program 4,500 producer families will increase their net annual income by at least 10%, while 4,000 young adults and 2,000 women gain access to sustainable jobs. This will boost the local economy in the poor and peripheral areas in which cocoa is grown.  


Rural Markets

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2021

Rural Household Production Units experience various difficulties preventing them from establishing themselves sustainably and competitively in the market. The Rural Markets project successfully applied the market systems development approach. It now aims to induce systemic changes and a scaling up of markets for producers in new regions of productive potential. Support of non-financial services combined with financial services will establish synergies between public and private actors.


Crop Trust – Genebank Platform 2018

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2018

The Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) safeguards globally important collections of crop diversity critical for improving food and nutrition security. Genebanks require constant maintenance. The Crop Trust Endowment Fund ensures the long-term funding for the maintenance of these genebanks. The unique bilateral contribution by Switzerland contributes to safeguarding (and building up of) the Endowment Fund.


Livestock Development expanding from South to North in the South Caucasus

01.12.2017 - 30.11.2020

Livestock farming is the main economic activity for most poor households in rural areas of Armenia and Georgia. Through better access to services, inputs and markets, as well as effective management of natural resources, farmers in Armenia are expected to substantially improve their livelihood. Strengthening regional links and access to regional markets of animal and animal products will also make the livestock sector more profitable and increase its competitiveness, hereby contributing to higher incomes and employment for farmers in rural Armenia and Georgia.


Facility for Refugees, Migrants, Forced Displacement and Rural Stability (IFAD)

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland is committed at the highest political level to help countries in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region coping with the refugee crisis. By co-financing two projects funded by IFAD (the International Fund for Agricultural Development) in Jordan and Lebanon, SDC will contribute to create sustainable livelihoods for thousands of Syrian refugees, and will also support host communities to increase their income and food security by improving the quality of their small ruminants and cattle, as well as their value in the market.
 


Technical Assistance Facility for Sustainable Business Development in Agriculture

01.12.2017 - 30.11.2020

This publicly supported fund provides technical support (training, marketing, organization dev., business plans) to medium sized enterprises active in agriculture and food processing in several developing countries alongside with capital investments from private impact investors. Impact investors seek to generate a social and environmental impact alongside a financial return. The fund is a public private partnership that will trigger an estimated $30m in private capital and improve the output market for approx. 200k family farms. 


Lao Upland Rural Advisory Services (LURAS)

01.12.2017 - 30.11.2021

The rapid transformation of the rural economy brings smallholder farmers in contact with a wide range of new service providers (private agribusiness companies, farmer organisations, non-profit associations). The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) recognizes that greater pluralism in service provision is needed. LURAS supports a multi-stakeholder market-based approach to promote demand-driven service provision to farmers and strengthen the capacities of farmers’ organizations.


CABI Plantwise Programme

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2021

Plantwise is a global programme led by CABI to increase food security and improve rural livelihoods by reducing crop losses. Local plant clinics provide farmers with practical plant health advice, reinforced by the Plantwise knowledge bank, an online gateway to plant health information. Plantwise strengthens national plant health systems from within, enabling countries to provide farmers with the knowledge they need to lose less. Plantwise aims at reaching over 30 million farmers in up to 34 countries by the end of 2020.


Cambodian Horticulture Project Advancing Income and Nutrition (CHAIN)

01.12.2017 - 31.12.2020

The Cambodian Horticulture Advancing Income and Nutrition (CHAIN) programme is implemented by SNV and aims to develop and strengthen horticulture value chains in close collaboration with public and private sector actors in four least-developed provinces in the northeast of Cambodia. The SDC mandated programme supports poor, smallholder women and men farmers to increase their productivity and income and to improve food security, nutrition and climate resilience.

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