Prevenzione delle catastrofi, aiuto d’emergenza, ricostruzione e protezione

 Persone raccolgono l'acqua proveniente da una cisterna nel Sudan del Sud
Nel Sudan del Sud l'Aiuto umanitario ha costruito vari punti di approvvigionamento idrico per permettere alle comunità locali di accedere all'acqua potabile. © DSC

La prevenzione delle catastrofi, l’aiuto d’emergenza e la ricostruzione sono i tre campi di intervento dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC. Questi tre ambiti corrispondono rispettivamente all’impegno prima, durante e dopo le crisi, i conflitti armati e le catastrofi.

Con prevenzione si intendono tutte le misure prese per proteggere la popolazione e le infrastrutture. La prevenzione dei pericoli e la riduzione della vulnerabilità contribuiscono allo sviluppo sostenibile e vengono perseguite in tutti i progetti e i programmi della DSC. Il primo compito dell’aiuto d’emergenza è salvare vite umane e alleviare le sofferenze delle vittime nei momenti più acuti di una crisi. Due terzi dei fondi dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC sono destinati a questi interventi. Passata l’emergenza e quando la situazione si è ormai stabilizzata possono iniziare i lavori di ricostruzione e ripristino. In caso di conflitti che perdurano nel tempo, l’impegno su questi tre fronti può essere simultaneo. 

La protezione delle popolazioni rappresenta una delle quattro priorità tematiche dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC insieme agli ambiti riduzione dei rischi di catastrofi, acqua potabile, igiene e servizi igienico-sanitari, violenza sessuale e di genere.

Prevenzione delle catastrofi

I disastri naturali colpiscono indistintamente i Paesi ricchi e quelli poveri, ma le loro ripercussioni variano a seconda del livello di sviluppo del Paese colpito.

Aiuto immediato e aiuto d'urgenza

L'aiuto d'urgenza della Confederazione, con gli esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA), viene impiegato in tutto il mondo in situazioni di crisi, conflitti e catastrofi.

Ricostruzione e riabilitazione

I programmi di ricostruzione e riabilitazione sono volti in generale a ristabilire condizioni di vita normali delle popolazioni colpite, aiutando queste ultime a superare i traumi delle guerre e delle calamità naturali e a migliorare a lungo termine la situazione abitativa, le infrastrutture e i redditi.

Protezione

I conflitti armati e le catastrofi naturali espongono i sopravvissuti a rischi di violenza fisica o psichica.

Progetti attuali

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Améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle aux provinces du Kadiogo, Zoundwéogo et de l’Oubritenga

01.09.2018 - 31.08.2021

Le Burkina Faso fait face à des crises de sécurité alimentaire et de malnutrition récurrentes pour des raisons structurelles et conjoncturelles. L’approche intégrée et innovatrice proposée par ce projet vise à améliorer les conditions de vie et développer la résilience des populations vulnérables selon trois axes : la récupération des enfants malnutris ; la mise en place de groupes d’apprentissage communautaires pour les femmes enceintes et les mères d’enfant; ainsi que l’amélioration de l’environnement sanitaire et des moyens d’existence. Ce programme s’inscrit dans la nouvelle vision du « programme lait » de la Confédération. 


Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Joint UN Project

01.09.2018 - 30.06.2023

High exposure to natural hazards coupled with insufficient technical, organizational, and financial capacities of BiH’s institutions and governments directly impede the country’s socio-economic development and increase population vulnerability. This Project, jointly implemented by five UN Agencies, will reduce the social and economic vulnerabilities of citizens and institutions affected by disasters and climate change by introducing and operationalizing an integrated model of disaster risk governance and livelihood enhancement starting with selected local municipalities.


ACTED Earthquake response in Chong-Alai region

01.07.2018 - 31.03.2019

To complement and complete the efforts supported by Switzerland in the immediate aftermath of earthquakes in remote Chong-Alai region in May 2017, the project's Phase 2 will provide shelter construction assistance to the remaining vulnerable earthquake-affected households that were unable to re-build their houses. The assistance will be in the form of distribution of construction materials to the remaining affected households and provision of technical assistance on affordable and replicable earthquake-safe construction techniques.


UNICEF - RRM

01.05.2018 - 28.02.2019

La DDC par son appui financier au mécanisme de réponse rapide (RRM) dirigé par UNICEF participe à un financement rapide qui aide la communauté humanitaire à répondre aux activités d'urgencepermettant d'améliorer les conditions de vie des personnes vulnérables aiguës affectées par un choc humanitaire et la préservation de leur sécurité et dignité. Le RRM maintien une capacité de veille humanitaire, d'évaluation et de réponse rapide aux besoins urgents identifiés en biens non alimentaires et en eau et assainissement. 


Additional Contribution 2018 to WFP’s Emergency Response in Madagascar

01.01.2018 - 31.12.2018

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to WFP operations allows the World Food Programme (WFP) to respond proactively and to provide immediate food assistance in life-threatening situations.


TUR STL Facilitating the PRotection and Resilience of Syrian Refugees in Istanbul

01.10.2017 - 30.11.2019

Around 500'000 Syrian refugees in Istanbul are exposed to multiple social and protection risks. In December 2015, the national NGO Support-to-Life (STL) with partial SDC funding set up a community center in Küçükçekmece, a populous industrial city district.The center provides protection and social support, promotes linkages to the host community and referral to state services with an increased focus on women, children and youth among the refugees. 


IRQ Oxfam – Integrated WASH and Protection response to conflict affected communities in Diyala governorate

01.09.2017 - 28.02.2020

A majority of people living in rural northern Diyala do not have access to potable water which results in communities utilizing unsafe sources like rivers and irrigation channels. The lack of solid waste management systems further aggravates the poor health conditions within this area. This project aims at reducing water and sanitation related risks and increasing access to clean water for IDPs, returnees and host communities living in the districts of Kifri and Khanaqin. It also helps particularly vulnerable families access protection services.


Sierra Leone Landslide: Contribution to IFRC Emergency Appeal

23.08.2017 - 24.08.2018

On the night of 13 August 2017, the city of Freetown in Sierra Leone and its outskirts experienced torrential rains and landslides. At least 400 people were killed following the collapse of a hillside. 600 people are still missing and 3’000 were displaced. Through this contribution, Switzerland will assist 9’600 victims and affected people in Freetown with emergency and recovery services to improve the condition of shelter, water sanitation and hygiene as well as health care.


Support to Portugal in fighting wildfires

19.08.2017 - 15.11.2017

Wildfires in Portugal this year have accounted for more than one third of the burnt forest in the entire 28-nation European Union. As national capacities are not sufficient to end successfully the blazes, Portugal requested international support, which is delivered by Marocco and EU states. August 18 Switzerland received and positively answered an official request from the Portuguese government.


Intervention en santé mentale et soutien psychosocial pour les migrants au Niger

15.08.2017 - 28.02.2019

2016 environ 200,000 migrants sont passés par le Niger sur l’axe Niger-Lybie/Algérie. Ces migrants sont souvent exposés à des violations graves des droits de l’homme et des traumas. Seule une petite proportion des migrants bénéficie d’une forme d’assistance couvrant les besoins essentiels (santé, abri, nourriture). Une réponse aux traumatismes subis est quasi inexistante. Par ce co-financement, la Suisse contribue donc au renforcement d’une réponse santé mentale/psychosociale ainsi que d’autres services de protection pour les migrants au Niger pour préserver leur bien-être et le potentiel de développement humain.


Mercy Corps: Rapid responses to movements of populations through cash based programming

01.08.2017 - 08.06.2018

Eastern DRC has faced a crisis for over twenty years and humanitarian needs remain acute. A combination of persistent armed conflict, forced and prolonged displacements, epidemics poor governance and poor service delivery have fostered high vulnerability within the population. Providing multi-sectoral assistance will helpp address the diversity of needs in communities in crisis, especially those of displaced people. SDC's contribution to Mercy Corps (MC) is specifically earmarked to provide assistance through unconditional, multi-purpose cash transfers. 


Intergovernmental Process on Strengthening Respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL)

01.08.2017 - 31.07.2018

The 32nd International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent of December 2015 recognized the imperative need to improve compliance with IHL and mandated Switzerland, together with the ICRC, to facilitate an “intergovernmental process to find agreement on features and functions of a potential forum of States and to find ways to enhance the implementation of IHL using the potential of the International Conference and IHL regional forums”. As in the previous phase of the project (01.09.2016 to 31.07.2017), Switzerland, jointly with the ICRC, will continue to organize and facilitate negotiation meetings in Geneva, open to all States, with a view to strengthening the international system for reinforcing respect for IHL.

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