Riduzione della povertà attraverso la prevenzione di conflitti e disastri

Due Bambini su un carro di cotone
La coltura del cotone è un settore importante e una delle catene di valore aggiunto essenziali per l’economia del Kirghizistan. © DSC

I conflitti, la violenza e le violazioni dei diritti umani sono tra le principali sfide in materia di lotta contro la povertà e la fragilità in senso lato. Le fragilità di uno Stato sono caratterizzate dall’incapacità del governo di garantire la sicurezza dei cittadini e di assicurare i servizi pubblici di base, oltre che dall’assenza di una relazione costruttiva tra governo e popolazione.

Più di 40 Paesi in tutto il mondo, per un totale di circa 1,5 miliardi di abitanti, presentano situazioni di fragilità o sono dilaniati da violenze e conflitti. Entro il 2030, oltre l’80% dei poveri del pianeta potrebbe trovarsi a vivere in contesti fragili se non si intraprendono sin da ora azioni più concertate.

La fragilità rappresenta un grave ostacolo alla realizzazione dell’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile. Per lottare contro la fragilità è importante comprenderne tutte le sfaccettature ed elaborare approcci differenziati secondo i contesti tenendo conto dell’intero spettro delle problematiche, comprese quelle più delicate e sensibili.

Agire nei contesti fragili

La Svizzera intensifica il proprio impegno allo scopo di prevenire e gestire le conseguenze di crisi, catastrofi e fragilità. Il suo obiettivo è assegnare la metà dei propri aiuti bilaterali ai contesti caratterizzati da conflitti o fragilità.

Le attività della DSC nei contesti fragili

Le attività della Svizzera si iscrivono nell’ambito della promozione di società pacifiche, eque e inclusive. Il nostro Paese si impegna direttamente a favore del principio del «non lasciare indietro nessuno» (leave no one behind).

Caratteristiche dei contesti fragili

Gli Stati e le regioni fragili sono caratterizzati da istituzioni deboli, elevati livelli di povertà, violenza, corruzione e arbitrio. Le fragilità sono riscontrabili sia nel contesto dello sviluppo e della transizione sia in quello delle crisi umanitarie.

Promuovere società pacifiche e inclusive

Focus su SDG 16+ per promuovere società pacifiche, eque e inclusive per uno sviluppo sostenibile e per combattere i conflitti.

Prevenzione dei conflitti e di tutte le forme di violenza

La prevenzione dei conflitti violenti ha lo scopo di evitare eventuali nuovi conflitti e di impedire l’insorgere di nuovi focolai di violenza. Consiste non solo nell’impedire le crisi, ma anche nell’affrontarne le cause.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

Oggetto 229 – 240 di 312

Progetto concluso

Contribution to the programme of Iamaneh (Est)

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2014

The program of IAMANEH Switzerland addresses women and children in Western Africa and the Western Balkans in order to secure their access to quality primary health services, to grant safe motherhood and birth, to offer protection and safety from violence and health damaging practices and to allow informed choice with regard to family planning and prevention. Advocacy work contributes to the improvement of frame conditions for health and the securing of a sustainable health and social protection system in these regions.


Progetto concluso

Contribution to the programme of Solidar Suisse (Est)

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2014

Solidar Switzerland’s cooperation engagement contributes to poverty reduction and respect of human rights. It supports political and economical processes to improve equitable access to resources, labour and power in a globalised world. Special focus is to enhance the decent work agenda and to foster democratic structures. At the same time Solidar undertakes awareness raising and advocacy activities in Switzerland, in order to sensitise the Swiss public on development policy issues.


Progetto concluso

Programmbeitrag Stiftung Kinderdorf Pestalozzi (Ost)

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2014

Die Realisierung der Rechte des Kindes auf Zugang zu relevanter, ganzheitlicher und qualitativ guter Bildung als Voraussetzung für eine gerechte weltweite Entwicklung ist das übergeordnete Ziel der Internationalen Programme der SKP. Bildung ist ein Recht und ein Mittel, um alle anderen Menschenrechte zu verwirklichen. Interkulturelles Verständnis und interkulturelle Kompetenzen sind Schlüsselfaktoren für eine gerechte, friedliche und nachhaltige Entwicklung. Kinder und Jungendliche als grösste Bevölkerungsgruppe sind der wichtigste Hebel für sozialen Wandel undEntwicklung.


Progetto concluso

Stabilisation des communautés tchadiennes à forte concentration de migrants de retour de Libye

01.01.2013 - 31.05.2015

La crise libyenne a provoqué dès 2011 le retour dans leur pays de 130'000 Tchadiens, occasionnant d’importantes tensions sociales et une aggravation des conditions de vie déjà très précaires dans les zones d’accueil. Le projet mis en œuvre par l’OIM a pour objectif de faciliter la stabilisation dans les trois régions du nord du Tchad (Borkou, Ennedi et Tibesti) de 50 communautés (125'000 bénéficiaires) à haute concentration de migrants de retour de Libye, par la planification et la mise en œuvre conjointe de micro projets locaux par les migrants et leurs communautés d’accueil.


Progetto concluso

Victim Assistance: Access to Rehabilitation and Linking Mine Action to Development – Multiyear Contribution to SFD Appeal 2013-2014

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2014

Switzerland supports activities aimed at banning anti-personnel mines and cluster munitions as well as to alleviating the humanitarian suffering and socio-economic consequences caused by mines and all types of explosive remnants of war. Mine action is of direct relevance for the implementation and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), which serve as an important reference point for Switzerland.


Progetto concluso

Contributions de programme aux ONG suisses

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2014

Social participation of youth is an objective and at the same time a condition for sustainable development. Marginalized youth in Latin America and Africa have difficult access to education and health. Youth unemployment worldwide has risen dramatically in the last years. Youth, especially girls, are far more exposed to HIV-Aids and violence than adults. In order to achieve commonly agreed development goals (MDGs) young people have to be at the center of development strategies. Tdh Schweiz empowers young people to identify and use opportunities of participation and advocates in communities to take responsibility for needs and rights of marginalized youth.


Progetto concluso

First Allocation of SDC Funding to ICRC Operations in 2013 in Burundi, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Madagascar, Zimbabwe

01.01.2013 - 31.12.2013

In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding for responding to changing needs in humanitarian crises. SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence.


Progetto concluso

Support to the Culture and Free Thought Association (CFTA) 2012-2015

15.12.2012 - 31.12.2015

Support to civil society organisations that offer platforms for Palestinian women and men to participate in public life and advocate for their concerns is crucial to ensure citizens’ participation in a pluralistic and democratic society. SDC partnership with The Culture and Free Thought Association in Khan Younis (Gaza) enables the institution to implement community development initiatives with youth (male and female) and other underprivileged groups in the impoverished and conservative Khan Younis area of Gaza.


Progetto concluso

Contribution to Fair and Free Local Elections 2013

10.12.2012 - 30.09.2013

The contribution to three Civil Society Organisations (CSO) aims at promoting fair and free local elections in Macedonia in 2013. The campaigns shall be supporting an atmosphere of fair, free and non-violent elections and at increasing the number of female candidates at the mayoral elections. In addition, the campaigns include the promotion of public debates between mayoral candidates, activities related to prevent the use of weapons and violence during the election campaign and on the voting day, and monitoring of the voting process.


Progetto concluso

Access to Justice in Tajikistan

01.12.2012 - 30.11.2016

Legal reform and ensuring legal security for citizens in Tajikistan are cornerstones of the transition. The project aims to improve access to justice for vulnerable people and is contributing to reforms. Through the provision of legal aid services and the monitoring of law application and implementation practices, potential issues for reform shall be identified and analyzed. Reform proposals based on these analyses shall be advocated and discussed between governmental and non governmental actors. At the same time, the awareness and capacities both of legal service users and providers will be strengthened.


Progetto concluso

Enhancing Mechanical Demining in Mozambique

01.10.2012 - 30.09.2014

This project aims at ridding Mozambique from its remaining landmines by the “Ottawa Treaty” deadline until March 2014. There are still 15.5 km2 to be cleared and released before this deadline. In order to accelerate the process, Switzerland is enhancing mechanical demining by contributing to the purchase of a demining device (3rd generation machine built by the Swiss Foundation Digger). This initiative is fully in line with the Swiss “Mine Action Strategy 2012-2016” and will contribute to the socio-economic development of Mozambique.


Progetto concluso

Fiche technique de la proposition de crédit pour des projets/programmes

01.10.2012 - 30.06.2017

La Banque Mondiale et les Nations Unies sont des partenaires clés pour le développement des pays dits fragiles ou affectés par un conflit. Le Trust Fund « Fragility and Conflict Partnership »contribue à améliorer l’efficacité de l’aide internationale dans les pays dits fragiles, il vise à améliorer la coordination entre la Banque Mondiale et les Nations Unies par le biais de projets concrets et d’initiatives institutionnelles, permettant ainsi de démontrer la valeur ajoutée d’une meilleure coopération entre ces deux institutions, dans ces contextes difficiles.

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