Rifugiati e sfollati interni: Aiuto umanitario e protezione della popolazione

La DSC offre assistenza ai rifugiati e agli sfollati interni inviando esperti sul posto, erogando aiuti finanziari alle ONG e alle agenzie umanitarie internazionali e collaborando con le autorità locali.

Nella linea di mira della DSC

L'Aiuto umanitario della DSC concentra gran parte del proprio impegno sull’assistenza e sul sostegno ai rifugiati e agli sfollati interni.

Tre quarti dei rifugiati sono concentrati in Paesi in via di sviluppo che non dispongono delle risorse necessarie per accogliere simili flussi di persone e offrire loro una protezione efficace. I profughi arrivati per mare, i cosiddetti «boat people», sono impossibilitati sia a proseguire il proprio viaggio sia a tornare nel Paese d'origine. L'irregolarità della loro situazione li espone a minacce fisiche, a furti e violenze nonché alla tratta di esseri umani.

Contrariamente ai rifugiati, gli sfollati interni non hanno varcato alcun confine nazionale, bensì sono stati costretti a fuggire da una regione all'altra del loro stesso Paese. Le loro sorti ricadono nella competenza di Governi e autorità locali che, molto spesso, non sono in grado o non vogliono assumersi alcuna responsabilità in merito. In questo caso, la Comunità internazionale si fa carico della loro protezione offrendo un aiuto diretto e sviluppando un quadro giuridico adeguato.

Contesto

In caso di migrazioni dovute allo scoppio di una crisi, la DSC adotta misure immediate che rientrano nel quadro dell'aiuto d'emergenza e della ricostruzione, ma il fenomeno delle migrazioni, complesso ed esteso a livello mondiale, richiede ben altri interventi.

Impiego di esperti

L'aiuto umanitario può pertanto assumere forme diverse, come  l'impiego di esperti incaricati della protezione delle vittime di conflitti armati, il supporto alle autorità locali oppure la distribuzione di denaro alle famiglie che accolgono rifugiati affinché possano godere di condizioni di vita migliori.

La DSC mette a disposizione dell'ACNUR esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA). Nel 2016, 24 esperti del CSA hanno svolto missioni per conto dell'ACNUR in 14 Paesi tra Africa, Asia, America Latina e Medio Oriente. L'ACNUR ha beneficiato delle competenze del CSA in vari settori quali le risorse idriche e il risanamento, la legislazione e la costruzione di ripari.

Un ulteriore pilastro dell'impegno della DSC è il progetto interdipartimentale «Protezione nella regione» e volto a offrire quanto più velocemente possibile protezione ai rifugiati nella propria regione d'origine e ad aiutare i Paesi di prima accoglienza a garantire la tutela necessaria a queste persone.

Reconstruire au-delà de l’urgence 

Un fenomeno in crescita

L’instabilità che caratterizza numerose regioni del mondo porta centinaia di migliaia di persone ad abbandonare il proprio Paese d'origine. L'ACNUR stima che nel 2016 rientreranno nelle sue competenze circa 61.4 milioni di persone (rifugiati, apolidi e sfollati in seguito a conflitti o persone che intendono tornare a casa), le quali avranno bisogno di protezione e assistenza.

Impegno in Siria

Dal 2011, la Svizzera offre aiuto umanitario e protezione alle popolazioni colpite dalla crisi siriana. La DSC attua azioni dirette in loro soccorso, realizzate da esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA) e presta un contributo finanziario sostanziale alle iniziative multilaterali del Comitato internazionale della Croce rossa e delle agenzie dell'ONU, supportando altresì alcune ONG operanti in loco.

L'impegno della Svizzera in Siria

Medio Oriente

Progetti attuali

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Enhance employability of migrants in Urban Cairo

01.07.2019 - 31.08.2022

Food-processing and the food service sector is ranked as Egypt’s second largest manufacturing industry This project supports the employability of vulnerable Egyptians and migrants, especially women, in the food sector.


Application of Migration Policy for Decent Work of Migrant Workers

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

Men and women who opt for migrating abroad for employment will benefit from better protection through pre-departure orientation, the application of international standard contracts and access to social security/welfare. The project will improve migration governance in Bangladesh by strengthening the rather weak policy and legislative framework and by building the capacity of the government to expand and improve services for migrant workers.


Return and Reintegration of Migrant Workers in Bangladesh

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2021

The project’s over-arching goal is to make reintegration economically and socially sustainable for returnee migrants, so that they do not feel obliged to re-migrate. The project will raise awareness of the obstacles returnee men and women migrants are facing. The collaboration with European partners will allow to influence the discourse on dignified and development-oriented migration and return in Bangladesh


Ethiopia, IOM - Durable Solutions

10.12.2018 - 09.06.2021

Ethiopia has about 2.1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) mainly due to conflict, drought and flood. Addressing the needs of IDPs has been limited to meeting their short-term humanitarian needs. Given the prolonged economic, social, and gender impacts of displacement on individuals, there is a critical need for longer-term solutions. Switzerland will contribute through IOM to address the long-term needs of the displaced and host communities in their search for self-sufficiency.


Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD)

01.12.2018 - 31.08.2024

Migration is one of the 21st century’s defining features that significantly impacts economic and social development. It is thus crucial to ensure that the positive effects of migration on development are maximized, while the negative ones minimized. This is only possible if reliable evidence on migration and its interrelations with development is available. KNOMAD generates ground-breaking research and policy recommendations in the field of M&D. Switzerland has taken a lead in building-up KNOMAD as a pioneering knowledge initiative.


Egyptian Red Crescent: Providing primary health care services to migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo

01.12.2018 - 30.11.2020

Access to public primary health care for migrants and Egyptians is a serious challenge. By the means of two “Mobile Clinics”, the project will answer to immediate medical needs of migrants and Egyptians in Greater Cairo. Advocacy on protection and health issues among decision makers will contribute to filling the gaps in service delivery. Thanks to its experience and ongoing engagement in health and protection in Egypt, Switzerland is well placed to provide early recovery and self-resilience interventions.


Africa-Europe Diaspora Development Platform (ADEPT)

01.12.2018 - 31.12.2021

Africa and Europe are intrinsically linked with respect to migration. Swiss support to the pioneering Africa-Europe Diaspora Development Platform (ADEPT) contributes to strengthening the capacities of African Diaspora Development Organisations based in Europe, including in Switzerland, to promote sustained development in Africa. As ADEPT and its members are active throughout the African continent, a support to the platform allows an outreach in Africa with a relatively limited financial investment.


Swiss Civil Society Organizations Platform on Migration and Development

01.11.2018 - 31.10.2021

Obtaining a coherent and practical Swiss foreign policy on migration (acknowledging the potential of migration for development) depends on the close collaboration between Swiss officials, civil society organisations and the private sector. In its second phase, the project “Swiss CSO Platform on Migration and Development” will contribute to shaping a constructive narrative on Migration and Development, while further strengthening the Swiss Civil Society’s contribution towards the Agenda 2030 and the implementation of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM)/Global Compact on Refugees (GCR). 


Fair Recruitment and Labour Conditions of Migrant Workers

01.10.2018 - 31.10.2021

Many of the 105 million people working outside their countries of origin have fallen victim of exploitative practices by unethical recruiters and employers. This project aims to prevent abuses and exploitation of migrant workers. It responds to a demand by the private sector in the global North for ethical standards throughout their supply chains. The Swiss private sector will benefit from stricter standards of recruitment and decent work, while Swiss consumers will profit from consumer goods increasingly produced under fair and ethical standards.


Appui à la résilience de l’élevage pastoral en Afrique de l’Ouest

01.10.2018 - 30.09.2021

L’Afrique de l’Ouest connait une crise alimentaire qui touche environ 10 millions de personnes dont beaucoup d’éleveurs. Les plans de réponse des Etats et des institutions régionales ne mettent pas assez l’accent sur les éleveurs. Ce programme fournira une aide d’urgence à 174’240 éleveurs vulnérables de la région et améliorera les outils de distribution de l’aide dans les mécanismes régionaux et nationaux de gestion de crises alimentaire. Il réduira les conflits, en limitant les transhumances précoces.


Building Regional and National capacities for improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region

01.10.2018 - 31.12.2021

The Horn of Africa is of high interest for Switzerland in terms of migration policy. Swiss support to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its Member States will contribute to improve their capacities to manage migration. Migrants and refugees will be better protected in the region and the contribution of migration to development of the Horn of Africa will be supported, hence stability promoted. The Swiss expertise and engagement at the policy level will contribute to foster a dialogue on migration between Switzerland and the Horn of Africa.


Blue Peace Financing: transboundary, multisectoral and transgenerational investments

01.10.2018 - 30.06.2023

To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals government efforts do not suffice, additional private capital deployed towards sustainable development are needed. Blue Peace advocates for investments to be re-directed to two levels: transboundary entities and to municipalities. This will have a transformative impact. As a door opener, Switzerland through its partnership with UNCDF contributes to the development of innovative financial products that enable transboundary, multisectoral and transgenerational investments leading to sustainable development and peace.

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