Note: the texts under all the headings, with the exception of 'Results achieved', describe the situation before the start of the project.
Pilot models for environmentally friendly collection and temporary storage of hazardous household waste
Despite existing policy and regulatory frameworks in the field of national waste management in Bulgaria, efficient solutions for the waste problem are not yet employed. In order to address this, law-conforming systems for environmentally friendly collection and temporary storage of hazardous household waste (HHW) shall be established in a pilot project covering 22 pilot municipalities.
Protecting the environment
- A study visit of the design- and planning-team to Switzerland shall initiate a knowledge-transfer of Swiss best practices to the pilot municipalities.
- Based on the conclusions of the study visit, the pilot centres will be designed and the necessary equipment will be specified.
- The five pilot centres will be constructed and the equipment as well as the trucks for the mobile collection will be purchased.
- Staff members for the operation of the centres and the mobile collection shall be recruited and trained in the handling of hazardous substances.
- Before the opening of the centres, a national and five local awareness campaigns will take place, providing advice from experts as well as information material about HHW in general and about the project in particular.
- The pilot centres will operate during three years as part of the project. The collected HHW will be recovered and disposed in specialized facilities.
- The morphological composition of the municipal solid waste in Bulgaria, incl. in the 22 pilot municipalities, is determined.
- HHW reporting system is operational in the 5 pilot centres
- The municipal bulky waste management is improved
- National Coordination Unit
- «Central Coordination Unit» Directorate of the Council of Ministers and Bulgarian Ministry of Environment and Water
Despite existing policy and regulatory frameworks in the field of national waste management in Bulgaria, efficient solutions for the waste problem are not yet employed. While the responsibility for the waste management lies on the municipal level, the degree of enforcement by national authorities is still rather low. This situation has led to opened non-compliance cases against Bulgaria in the field of waste management by the European Commission. While hazardous substances constitute only 1% of the overall household waste, they are an area of concern due to the environmental and health-related risks they pose. Hazardous household waste (HHW) is so far disposed along with the normal waste in landfills and it is paramount to devise and enforce solutions that decrease the influx of HHW to landfills. Therefore, the testing of «pilot models for environmentally friendly collection and temporary storage of hazardous household waste» in different municipalities has been identified as a high priority in the field of waste management by the Bulgarian government.
Law-conforming systems for the separate collection and disposal of HHW shall be tested in 22 pilot municipalities. In five of those municipalities, pilot collection and temporary storage centres shall be built. The collection in 17 neighbouring municipalities shall be realised with mobile units. Further, the project aims at improving the knowledge about the public attitude towards the separate collection of HHW and at increasing the collection rate. The latter shall also be achieved with an active information campaign. The lessons learned within this project shall be incorporated into relevant guidelines for all Bulgarian municipalities, in view of a replication on a national scale.
The direct beneficiary is the Bulgarian government represented by the Ministry of Environment and Water and by EMEPA (state-owned and state-run), which will be able to gain important knowledge in the separate collection and treatment of HHW. This knowledge will support their EU harmonisation efforts, help to comply with EU-regulations and assist in fulfilling national priorities. Also direct beneficiaries of the project are the 22 selected municipalities where pilot centres or mobile units for the collection of HHW shall be introduced. The indirect beneficiaries are the inhabitants (ca. 366'000) of the 22 selected municipalities, whose economic and social conditions will be improved through the reduction of environmental risks and public health hazards.
Achieved results: 24 municipalities operate legally-conform systems to collect hazardous waste from household. For that purpose, five centres for the collection and temporary storage of household hazardous waste have been constructed and collection vehicles were delivered. In addition, the morphological composition of the municipal solid waste in Bulgaria has been determined.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
Swiss Contribution to the enlarged EU
EMEPA (Enterprise for Management of the Environment Protection Activities)
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 7'499'776 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 221'420|
Phase 10 21.04.2015 - 07.12.2019 (Completed)