Note: the texts under all the headings, with the exception of 'Results achieved', describe the situation before the start of the project.
Improved social and economic rehabilitation of offenders
Switzerland is funding a project for modernising the judiciary and for improving the social and economic rehabilitation of offenders in the Czech Republic. The project is based on experiences gathered by the canton of Zurich.
Enhanced security and safety
Modernisation of the Judiciary
- The recidivism rate of young offenders involved in probation and rehabilitation programs (700) decreased more than 8% demonstrating the effectiveness of such alternative measures.
- The prevention program for youth offenders has been enhanced and spread out to across all 8 judicial districts of Czech Republic.
- The program for drink drivers took place in 12 cities of Czech Republic and included 250 beneficiaries.
- A comprehensive re-integration programme for convicted prisoners (100) has been piloted in 5 prisons and has demonstrated effectiveness in increasing the number of released prisoners and successful reintegration into the society .
- A model of cooperation between Probation and Mediation Service, Prison Service and Labour Office has been set up and allows identification of suitable jobs for persons released from prison and appropriate retraining courses.
- Professional capacities of Probation and Mediation Service workers has been increased.
- A new draft accreditation system for probation and rehabilitation programmes (adult offenders) has been developed and will enable organizations to get grant for providing such services in collaboration with the Probation and Mediation Services.
- National State Institute North
Czech prisons are currently crowded by prisoners. In 2010, 204 persons per 100’000 inhabitants were in prison, which is significantly higher than the respective number in Switzerland (76 prisoners per 100’000 inhabitants). According to statistical data of the Prison service and Czech statistical office, level of re-offending is around 61 % in the frame of persons, who were convicted at least once to imprisonment. Probation and rehabilitation programmes are essential and key for the reintegration of specifically defined target groups and can significantly contribute to the reduction and prevention of re-offending. The stated programmes can also reduce the numbers of prisoners in the prisons, strengthen community protection against crime and also significantly reduce the state budget expenditure related to prison services.
Overall goal is a high public safety and security in the Czech Republic. Through providing probation and rehabilitation programmes for offenders the project will lead to a lower number of re-offenders, a reduced number of prisoners and state budget expenditure, protected communities by promoting possibilities to reintegrate offenders back to community, and improved credibility of the justice sector.
Offenders serving a prison or alternative sentence or measure (youth and adults) / Staff of the Czech Prison Service, PMS and Justice / Victims of crimes / Public in general
The project will be split into four main parts, encompassing 1) Formation of a Swiss Czech Expert Project Council, 2a) Innovation and spreading of existing learning programmes for youth offenders, 2b) Implementation of a programme for aggressive and careless drivers, 3) Development and implementation of a comprehensive re-integration programme and 4) Creating conditions to secure sustainability and stability of the programmes.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
Swiss Contribution to the enlarged EU
Foreign state institution
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 1’438’266 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 893’845|
Phase 1 01.01.2011 - 31.10.2016 (Completed)
Under the communist system, little attention was paid to individual needs when imposing prison sentences. It focused on repression and neglected prevention entirely. Following the transition to democracy and a market economy with all its consequences, offending rates increased and Czech prisons began to fill up. The "Expansion of probation and rehabilitation programmes: strengthening of prevention measures and reducing recidivist rates" project seeks to meet this challenge and improve the Czech criminal justice and prison systems. The capacities of judicial institutions will be strengthened so they can utilise alternative forms of punishment instead of simply detaining offenders in an environment which fosters criminality and reoffending behaviour.
The recidivist rate in the Czech Republic is one of the highest in Europe and is three times higher than in Switzerland. The project will also support the introduction of rehabilitation programmes for offenders from prisons and other places of detention. Until now, no assistance has been provided for prisoners' release and their reintegration into society.
The planned measures include the introduction of specific programmes for juveniles, speeding offenders and white-collar criminals such as fraudsters. Particular attention will be paid to women and members of the Roma minority. Only 10% of the country's prison population are women, but they face particular problems during reintegration. Although they account for only 3% of the Czech population, up to a quarter of prisoners are Roma.
Particular attention is also paid to mitigating risk factors such as unemployment and insolvency which tend to lead to failure and recidivism. When prisoners return to normal life, they often have debts and have great difficulty in meeting their obligations.
Special relationship with Switzerland
The project is the result of a close partnership forged in the early 1990s between the Probation and Mediation Service of the Czech Republic on the one hand and the Zurich probation and enforcement services (BVD) and social service department plus the Association for the Development of Probation Services in Eastern Europe (VEBO) on the other hand. A project to be run in the Czech Republic gradually evolved based on the experiences of Swiss experts on probation and social work within the penal system.
Experiences will be exchanged in both directions however: certain parts of the project which have not yet been introduced in Switzerland will be trialled in the Czech Republic so that both sides can benefit from this project.
A number of outcomes on different levels are expected: Firstly, by increasing the use of alternative punishments and the number of offenders released on parole, the project will take some of the pressure off Czech prisons. This will not only make the prisons easier to run, it will also cut the overall cost of prison services for the Czech Republic. The savings made can be channelled into rehabilitation measures. As rehabilitation improves, the crime rate falls, which benefits society and also makes the Czech Republic more attractive to investors and skilled workers.
|Probation and rehabilitation programmes are an essential factor for the successful reintegration of specifically defined target groups, and they can significantly contribute towards the reduction and prevention of recidivism. These programmes can also help reduce the numbers of inmates in our prisons, as well as strengthen crime prevention efforts and significantly reduce government expenditure on prison services.
This project is intended to render efforts in the area of criminal justice in the Czech Republic more effective and efficient, to promote an effective partnership between state and non-state institutions and to support the strong partnership that exists between the Czech Republic and Switzerland in this area.
I am delighted to be able to participate in this joint project.
Czech Probation and Mediation Service