Eine junge Frau wirft einen gefalteten Wahlzettel in eine Wahlurne.
Die DEZA engagiert sich unter anderem für die Durchführung fairer und transparenter Wahlen – beispielsweise in Tunesien. © DEZA

Das Fördern demokratischer Werte ist wichtig für eine Staatsführung, die alle Menschen einschliesst. Die gleichberechtigte Beteiligung aller Bevölkerungsgruppen erhöht die Chancen für eine ausgewogene Entwicklung, von der alle profitieren. Korruption und Machtmissbrauch werden Grenzen gesetzt. Dies reduziert die Gefahr von Frustration und politischer Konfrontation. Demokratieförderung gehört zu den aussenpolitischen Prioritäten der Schweiz. 

Demokratisierung ist ein Kernanliegen der DEZA. Ziel ist es, das Mitspracherecht der Bevölkerung und verantwortungsbewusstes Handeln der Regierung zu fördern. Die gleichberechtigte Teilhabe verschiedener Bevölkerungsgruppen am politischen Leben und die Mitbestimmung in Fragen, die den Alltag beeinflussen, erlauben die Integration vielfältiger Interessen und eine breit abgestützte Entscheidfindung. Dadurch werden die Legitimität politischer Prozesse und das Gefühl der Mitverantwortung in der Umsetzung gestärkt. Zu den weiteren zentralen Prinzipien der Demokratie zählen die Machtteilung und –kontrolle, die Rechenschaftsplicht, Rechtsgleichheit und die Rechtsstaatlichkeit.

Die Schweiz unterstützt sowohl demokratische Institutionen als auch demokratische Prozesse. Sie begünstigt das Zusammenspiel unterschiedlicher demokratischer Kräfte, die das politische System beeinflussen und sich gegenseitig bestärken können. Besonderen Wert legt sie auf die Förderung der Geschlechtergleichstellung und die gleichberechtigte Mitwirkung sowie den Schutz benachteiligter Bevölkerungsgruppen. Bei ihrem Engagement arbeitet sie politisch informiert, unterstützt kontextrelevante Lösungen und baut auf Bestehendem auf. Sie orientiert sich an demokratischen Werten und nicht an spezifischen Modellen.

Demokratisierung ist wichtig für die integrative und nachhaltige Entwicklung. Sie ist aber auch ein Ziel an sich, für die Garantie ziviler und politischer Rechte, und Voraussetzung für die Erfüllung weiterer sozialer, ökonomischer und kultureller Grundrechte. Demokratisierung kann auch zur Deeskalation gewaltsamer Konflikte beitragen.

Aktuelle Projekte

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Public Service Improvement (PSI) in the Kyrgyz Republic

01.08.2024 - 31.07.2028

To improve people's quality of life, municipalities need to deliver efficiently and effectively services such as safe drinking water, waste collection, cultural facilities in a socially inclusive and gender responsive manner. In rural Kyrgyzstan, their capacities still need to be improved in a sustainable way. To achieve this, the project will develop the municipalities' support system which shall then provide adequate counseling and training to those municipalities today and in the long run.


Single-phase project: Enhancing Peace and Economic Prosperity through Women's Leadership and Inclusion (Women for Peace & Prosperity)

01.07.2024 - 30.06.2028

In line with the priorities of the Governments of Moldova and Switzerland, the project aims to socially and economically empower women, including refugee women from Ukraine, increase their participation in decision-making and the workforce, promote their entrepreneurial activities, and finally contribute to a just, equal, inclusive and resilient society and economy in Moldova. The project will promote gender-responsive policies and initiatives to address key barriers to women's socio-economic inclusion.


Good Financial Governance (GFG)

01.05.2024 - 30.04.2027

The project contributes to strengthen Tanzania’s public financial system, a central element to cement its economic status. The 3rd phase aims at expanding the mobilization of domestic revenue and improving the government’s expenditure control. It shall strengthen interinstitutional mechanisms for tax data exchange, enhance the audit system, and improve public procurement. At policy level, it seeks to develop an evidence-based and gender responsive fiscal strategy for better public service delivery to benefit the population, especially the poor.


Citizen Participation and Conflict Prevention programme (PCPC)

01.05.2024 - 31.12.2029

Rwanda has achieved notable progress with regard to socioeconomic development and improved social cohesion. However, the role of citizens in decision-making and in holding leaders to account remains insufficient affecting the sustainability of results. This programme will increase the capability of the 30 districts in Rwanda to properly engage citizens in decision-making processes and will strengthen local conflict-resolution mechanisms, hence contributing to improved accountability and lasting social cohesion.


Anti-corruption and Accountability

01.04.2024 - 31.12.2027

Building on the results achieved in the first phase, Switzerland will contribute to reduce corruption in Mozambique by (1) improving and strengthening legal institutions and the judicial framework (2) strengthening anticorruption institutions to effectively tackle corruption, economic crime and the recovery, management of stolen assets and (3) supporting civil society organisations at national and local level in the fight against corruption. 


Civil Society for Democracy

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2028

Switzerland supports civil society in Kosovo – towards a strong and sustainable democracy actor, by contributing together with other development partners to the local re-granting scheme, administered by the Kosovo Civil Society Foundation (KCSF). Various types of grants (for activities, organisational strengthening, etc.) and capacity development enable improved organisational and financial capacities of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), strengthened constituency relations and increased civic engagement in public affairs.


Burundi – Programme conjoint sur les droits humains

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2027

La situation des droits de l’homme au Burundi reste préoccupante en raison de la persistance des violations des droits de l’homme et de l'absence d'obligation de rendre des comptes. Le Programme conjoint sur les droits humains est une initiative multipartite (Gouvernement et bailleurs de fonds) qui vise à promouvoir l’application du cadre légal en matière de droits de l’homme par des institutions crédibles et efficaces.


Supporting Anticorruption and Asset Recovery through the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the UNCAC Coalition

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

Switzerland has a fundamental interest in preventing corruption so that resources in partner countries flow in public services and sustainable development, and stolen assets are not deposited in Swiss financial institutions. Supporting the effective implementation of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) including a multilateral dialogue platform on asset return will ultimately lead to increased resources for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals.


PER:FinancialMechan.DRRAndeanCountries

15.11.2023 - 14.11.2027

Subnational authorities in Peru and Ecuador responsible for DRM strengthen their capacities to access central government finance for DRM. The project will provide guidance in developing and accessing funding from existing public, public-private and multilateral DRM funds based on prior country diagnostics. A complementing Community of Practice (Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia and Colombia) fosters exchange of experiences and lessons learned. This is expected to result in enhanced access to available financial resources for DRM for project beneficiaries. 


Pl SER Active Civil society Ph2

01.11.2023 - 31.10.2027

ACT-2 improves citizens’ participation in decision making at the local and national level through and with the support of civil society organizations (CSOs). Selected mission-driven CSOs are supported to strengthen constituency, diversify funding and effectively engage in advocacy. They jointly advocate with complementary CSOs and informal groups to increase impact and legitimacy. CSOs initiate dialogue and collaboration with local authorities, private sector and media to achieve development results.


Ma Implic- Civic engagement in LG, ph.2

01.11.2023 - 31.10.2027

Moldova is firmly committed to improve governance and service delivery at the local level through a local governance reform, which is also a necessary step in view of the possible accession to the European Union. This project will support the Moldovan national authorities in advancing the local governance reform, and the local authorities in designing and implementing more inclusive and transparent local governance practices and a more efficient delivery of various public services.


REG: Core Contribution to the RCC

15.10.2023 - 31.12.2026

The Regional Cooperation Council was officially launched in 2008 as the successor to the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. The Berlin Process in 2014 gave a new impetus to the regional cooperation and positioned the Council as a medium for communication between the Western Balkan and the EU. It represents an important tool for fostering the stability in the region by bringing together 46 countries, international organisations and banks, mainly from the EU, South East Europe and Western Balkans. 

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