Eine junge Frau wirft einen gefalteten Wahlzettel in eine Wahlurne.
Die DEZA engagiert sich unter anderem für die Durchführung fairer und transparenter Wahlen – beispielsweise in Tunesien. © DEZA

Das Fördern demokratischer Werte ist wichtig für eine Staatsführung, die alle Menschen einschliesst. Die gleichberechtigte Beteiligung aller Bevölkerungsgruppen erhöht die Chancen für eine ausgewogene Entwicklung, von der alle profitieren. Korruption und Machtmissbrauch werden Grenzen gesetzt. Dies reduziert die Gefahr von Frustration und politischer Konfrontation. Demokratieförderung gehört zu den aussenpolitischen Prioritäten der Schweiz. 

Demokratisierung ist ein Kernanliegen der DEZA. Ziel ist es, das Mitspracherecht der Bevölkerung und verantwortungsbewusstes Handeln der Regierung zu fördern. Die gleichberechtigte Teilhabe verschiedener Bevölkerungsgruppen am politischen Leben und die Mitbestimmung in Fragen, die den Alltag beeinflussen, erlauben die Integration vielfältiger Interessen und eine breit abgestützte Entscheidfindung. Dadurch werden die Legitimität politischer Prozesse und das Gefühl der Mitverantwortung in der Umsetzung gestärkt. Zu den weiteren zentralen Prinzipien der Demokratie zählen die Machtteilung und –kontrolle, die Rechenschaftsplicht, Rechtsgleichheit und die Rechtsstaatlichkeit.

Die Schweiz unterstützt sowohl demokratische Institutionen als auch demokratische Prozesse. Sie begünstigt das Zusammenspiel unterschiedlicher demokratischer Kräfte, die das politische System beeinflussen und sich gegenseitig bestärken können. Besonderen Wert legt sie auf die Förderung der Geschlechtergleichstellung und die gleichberechtigte Mitwirkung sowie den Schutz benachteiligter Bevölkerungsgruppen. Bei ihrem Engagement arbeitet sie politisch informiert, unterstützt kontextrelevante Lösungen und baut auf Bestehendem auf. Sie orientiert sich an demokratischen Werten und nicht an spezifischen Modellen.

Demokratisierung ist wichtig für die integrative und nachhaltige Entwicklung. Sie ist aber auch ein Ziel an sich, für die Garantie ziviler und politischer Rechte, und Voraussetzung für die Erfüllung weiterer sozialer, ökonomischer und kultureller Grundrechte. Demokratisierung kann auch zur Deeskalation gewaltsamer Konflikte beitragen.

Aktuelle Projekte

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Civil Society for Democracy

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2028

Switzerland supports civil society in Kosovo – towards a strong and sustainable democracy actor, by contributing together with other development partners to the local re-granting scheme, administered by the Kosovo Civil Society Foundation (KCSF). Various types of grants (for activities, organisational strengthening, etc.) and capacity development enable improved organisational and financial capacities of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), strengthened constituency relations and increased civic engagement in public affairs.


Human Rights Grants (HRG) program in Tajikistan

01.10.2023 - 30.11.2025

The Human Rights grants program will support local and international organizations working in Tajikistan on acute Human Rights issues. The program will provide cofunding opportunities to selected projects related to child rights, freedom of press, human rights in custody, prevention of gender-based violence and the rights of migrants/refugees.


Contr. to UNESCO media project

01.10.2023 - 30.09.2026

The project will strengthen citizen’s access to information, accountability and transparency of governmental institutions and enhance the quality of the media and information landscape in Uzbekistan. UNESCO as implementing partner has a solid partnership with the government and supports ongoing legislative reforms with expertise, ensuring alignment with international standards, capacity building for key government stakeholders (incl. judiciary, law enforcement bodies) and media competence of professionals.


Contribution to OHCHR capacity strenght

01.10.2023 - 31.12.2025

The project aims to strengthen the protection and promotion of human rights in Uzbekistan ensuring justice for victims of human rights abuses, enhancing civic space, integrating human rights principles into development and implementing UN Human Rights Mechanisms recommendation. Upon invitation by the President of Uzbekistan OHCHR has expanded its presence in the country. 


Peru, SEDAPAL: Emergency Water Supply in Lima

01.08.2023 - 31.12.2027

Lima with a population of over 12 million is subject to the highest seismic vulnerability in Peru. Hence, ensuring Lima’s water supply continuity in case of a major earthquake is crucial. The initiative aims at contributing to strengthened preparedness capacities of Lima’s water service provider (SEDAPAL) by improving its technical, financial and logistical capacities, knowledge exchange and inter-sectorial coordination together with key partners from government, academia, and the private sector.


Support to Municipal Development Programme (MDP4)

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2027

Through its contribution to the Municipal Development Programme (MDP), Switzerland aims to improve the quality and accessibility of local services and infrastructure provided by Palestinian municipalities to their citizens in the oPt. The programme builds the capacities for stable, transparent and accountable local institutions in the West Bank and Gaza. Supported by key donors of the sector, the programme promotes and supports reforms and provides a prominent platform for sector policy dialogue with the Palestinian Ministry of Local Governance. 


Strengthening Civil Society in Myanmar – Paung Ku

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2027

In Myanmar, civic space has considerably shrunk since the military coup. In the absence of a legitimate government, networks of independent civil society organisations (CSOs) are essential actors for basic service provision and promotion of democratic values and human rights. Showing commitment to localisation, Switzerland will enable local CSOs to further support vulnerable communities and to protect the foundations of a pluralistic and inclusive society.  


Contribution to UNICEF Transition and Resilience Education Fund (TREF)

01.07.2023 - 31.12.2024

Switzerland’s contribution to UNICEF’s Transition and Resilience Education Fund (TREF) in Lebanon ensures access to relevant quality public education for the most vulnerable children of all nationalities to avoid the scenario of a lost generation after 4 years of disrupted education. Amidst Lebanon’s economic crisis, TREF further contributes to improving the governance, efficiency, inclusiveness, and overall resilience of Lebanon public education system.


System Strengthening Partnership Programme of the Ministry of Education Jordan and through UNESCO

01.07.2023 - 31.12.2025

In Jordan, the access to inclusive, protective quality education for vulnerable young people is impacted by natural and human-made hazards, including the protracted Syria crisis and climate change. Switzerland’s contribution to UNESCO for the System Strengthening Partnership Programme of the Ministry of Education enhances governance for evidence-based and crisis-sensitive education planning and delivery, as per Jordan’s Education Strategic Plan 2018-2025.


Central Asia Arts and Culture Programme 2.0. (CAACP 2.0.)

01.07.2023 - 30.06.2027

The objective of the Central Asia Arts and Culture Programme (CAACP) is to foster the further development of a vibrant and open art and culture scene that contributes to preserving freedom of expression and enhancing social cohesion in the region. The CAACP offers cultural institutions and artists opportunities to create a platform that enables people, including left-behind groups, to address issues affecting their lives and contribute to positive social change.


Moldova – Making the Most of Migration

01.06.2023 - 31.12.2026

With one third of Moldova’s population living abroad, the current country`s leadership is firmly committed to harness the development potential of migration. Previous Swiss-supported interventions resulted in a unique mobilization of Moldovan migrants committed to contribute to the development of their home communities. Switzerland will further support Moldova to ensure the sustainability of diaspora engagement models and to improve evidence-based governance through reliable demographic statistics, including migration trends.


Astha - Election Support Project

01.05.2023 - 30.06.2026

The democracy of Bangladesh will be strengthened through a fair, free, inclusive and non-violent election cycle, to which this project contributes by supporting the Bangladesh Election Commission, civil society organisations, media and marginalised communities including women and/or youth groups. The project builds on Switzerland’s democratic principles to foster good governance, at all levels, within electoral processes. 

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