Mongolia

Switzerland supports Mongolia in the areas of democracy, human rights and gender equality; climate change and the environment; and inclusive economic development. After 20 years of successful engagement, Switzerland will end its bilateral development cooperation in Mongolia by 2024. It will phase out its engagement in a responsible manner and ensure that results achieved to date will be preserved.

Map of Mongolia
© FDFA

After the collapse of communism in 1989, Mongolia experienced a social and economic transformation that led to a successful transition to a democratic multi-party system and market economy. Since the adoption of the democratic constitution in 1992, the country has made significant political, social and economic progress, including in reducing poverty. The 'Vision 2050' policy adopted by the Mongolian Parliament, which builds on the UN's Sustainable Development Goals, sets a long-term path for development. Mongolia now ranks among the middle-income countries.

After 20 years of successful engagement, Switzerland will end its bilateral development cooperation in Mongolia by 2024. It will phase out its engagement in a responsible manner and ensure that results achieved to date will be preserved.

Democracy, human rights and gender equality

Despite significant progress in this area, ensuring that all people in Mongolia have equal and long-term access to public services remains a challenge. Switzerland promotes decentralisation and government accountability to citizens. It supports efforts that enable citizens to express their needs to ensure that everyone has access to high-quality public services. Switzerland supports, for example, the implementation of the recently enacted decentralisation law and promotes the right of citizens to participate in political processes. Switzerland's parliamentary services collaborate with Mongolia's parliamentary services to advise them on how to organise their processes efficiently and transparently. In the area of gender equality, Switzerland supports a national programme to combat domestic and gender-based violence.

Good governance

Gender equality

Climate change and environment

Climate change and environmental protection are increasingly important issues in Mongolia too. That is why Switzerland will continue its engagement in this area and is working to raise awareness and transfer knowledge on climate and environmental issues, especially among young people. It supports Mongolia's efforts to tackle air pollution, improve waste management and conserve pastureland. Switzerland is helping to expand and to digitalise the waste disposal system in the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar. It is also promoting the systematic inclusion of sustainable development, including climate change and the environment, in school curricula.

Climate change and the environment

Agriculture and food security

Inclusive economic development

Enabling poorer population groups to also contribute to and benefit from economic development remains a challenge. Switzerland helps to ensure favourable conditions for economically disadvantaged people, especially farmers and pastoralists. This enables them to pursue sustainable food and livestock production, gain access to markets to manage their own businesses in a sustainable way, and secure their livelihoods. Switzerland draws on its long-standing experience in Mongolia in the areas of agriculture and vocational skills development, including the integration of young women and men into the labour market and cooperation with the private sector. Specifically, Switzerland helps vegetable farmers to engage in sustainable vegetable production and to grow and market a greater variety of crops. Demand for vegetables in Mongolia is to be increasingly met through locally grown produce. A previous Swiss assistance programme enabled Mongolia to become self-sufficient in potatoes.

Basic education and vocational skills development

Private Sector Development and financial services

Cross-cutting themes: gender equality and governance

Gender equality is key to sustainable development. Switzerland therefore mainstreams gender equality in all priority areas and projects. In concrete terms, this means that it promotes equal access to resources and knowledge and a balanced participation of women and men in decision-making processes.

Accountability, transparency, participation, non-discrimination and efficiency are key elements of good governance and contribute significantly to sustainable development. They are integrated into all priority areas and projects. For example, the authorities are assisted in providing efficient and effective services that respond to the needs of the citizens. At the same time, civic participation is strengthened to allow citizens to express their needs and hold decision-makers accountable if services are not delivered as promised.

Gender equality

Good governance

Further themes

Culture

Culture and the arts contribute to freedom of expression, peacebuilding and sustainable development. Switzerland promotes cultural activities in Mongolia, thereby contributing to cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue. It thus enables local cultural practitioners to gain access to the Swiss and international cultural market.

Art and culture

Approach and partners

Mongolian, Swiss and international implementing partners, NGOs at national and sub-national levels, UN agencies and international financial institutions, civil society organisations and the private sector. Switzerland works to build coalitions and develop common donor positions to support policymaking and dialogue.

Current projects

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SRBM - Strengthening Representative Bodies in Mongolia

Workshop on Parliament Monitoring

01.08.2021 - 31.12.2023

On request of the authorities, the project ensures the implementation and oversight over new local governance laws to ensure public service delivery and sustainable rangeland management. Based on SDC supported achievements on democratic governance in Mongolia, increased technical cooperation between the Swiss and the Mongolian Parliamentary Services is at the core of the project. Gender equality and pro-poor approaches are mainstreamed.


Mainstreaming Social Accountability in Mongolia (MASAM)

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023

The 2nd and last phase aims to strengthen civil society and public sector agencies’ capacities in linking (a) policy planning and implementation, including in the health sector, and (b) budget planning and execution (public investments). Social Accountability mechanisms will enable the Government of Mongolia to improve the delivery of key services and impacts of public investment projects on people’s livelihood. The WB and SDC are leading partners in mainstreaming Social Accountability in Mongolia.


Combating Gender-Based Violence in Mongolia

Let's understand and respect each others campaign

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023

Aiming at sustainable change of behaviour and mental disposition, the 2nd phase of this project seeks to protect the victims of Gender-based Violence (GBV), women/girls and men/boys, and to mitigate the root causes of violence. This follow-up phase focuses on the consolidation and institutionalization of GBV prevention and response mechanism. The project is in line with Mongolia’s and Switzerland’s commitment to combat GBV and gender inequalities.


VEGI - Inclusive and sustainable vegetable production and marketing

01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023

This exit phase further promotes vegetable production and nutrition in Mongolia, focusing on the most demanded crops with domestically-produced seeds suitable to agro-climatic conditions. It adds an organisational development’s support to the Mongolian Farmers Association for Rural Development and to the Vegetable Seed Reserve Unit to strengthen the sustainability of these critical institutions, based on SDC similar experiences in Africa.


Governance and Decentralisation Programme Exit Phase (GDP Exit Phase)

Khoroo organizers participate in “Citizen-centered civil service” training organized by the Municipality of Ulaanbaatar Training Center established in 2017.

01.01.2020 - 31.12.2022

The Exit Phase of the Governance and Decentralisation Programme will consolidate achievements of previous two phases to support decentralisation and democratisation reforms. It will focus on institutionalisation and ensuring sustainability of results to contribute to equitable and sustainable development through decentralized service delivery and enhanced citizen engagement in public affairs, including in the urban areas. Swiss expertise and Swiss decentralisation model will be used.  


Understanding and Managing internal migration in Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar city suburban distrct view

01.08.2019 - 31.07.2023

This project aims to contribute to improved management of internal migration in Mongolia - the main driving force behind rapid urbanization which poses increasing development challenges to the capital city Ulaanbaatar and rural areas of origin. Consistent integration of the migration perspective into planning and implementation of policies and actions will mitigate negative consequences of unmanaged migration and thus contribute to poverty reduction. Switzerland will add value to the project through its long-standing expertise in the migration field.


Education for Sustainable Development in Mongolia

01.06.2019 - 31.12.2023

Education is a key factor for achieving the goals of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development in Mongolia. ESD as concept that aims at integrating principles, values and practices of Sustainable Development into all aspects of education shall be anchored both in the learning plans and the normative framework of the Mongolian education system through developing the pedagogical skills of teachers, local authorities and educational centres as well as awareness-building of students and their communities in aimags (districts).


Waste Collection and Transportation Management in Ulaanbaatar (WCTM)

View of Ulaanbaatar city

01.04.2019 - 31.03.2023

The project aims to contribute to an effective, efficient and financially sustainable collection and transportation system for solid waste in Ulaanbaatar, based on Swiss and international practices. The intervention will contribute to improve the services, introduce a transparent tariff system and support the implementation of the new law on waste management. It targets the underserved and least developed areas of the capital (ger areas) where most poor people reside, aiming at decreasing inequalities.


Air Pollution Impact on Health

air polluted suburban area in UB

01.10.2018 - 31.12.2022

This project aims at reducing the risks of air pollution to maternal and child health in urban Mongolia targeting the most polluted areas of Ulaanbaatar and one province centre. This sector governance project establishes evidence linking air pollution and its health impact, pilots and improves risk reduction measures for children and pregnant women, and both will inform policy making. Swiss know-how will be applied, i.e. through involvement of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute.

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