In Mozambique Switzerland’s development cooperation focuses on three areas: economic development, health and governance. Switzerland supports local projects, mainly in the three northern provinces of Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula. At the national level, it is actively involved in political dialogue with the aim of combating poverty and promoting political and economic transition.

Map of Mozambique
© FDFA

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. Even today over half the population lives below the poverty line. The public budget remains highly dependent on foreign aid. More than 80% of the population are smallholder farmers and are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. In addition, there is the AIDS epidemic, which hinders development progress. On the other hand, Mozambique is currently looking towards a strong economic boom in the commodities sector. The high economic growth of more than 8% in the last few years fell sharply in 2016 owing to the debt crisis (3.7%). Mozambique will however continue to be one of Africa's fastest growing economies in the longer term.

Switzerland has been active in Mozambique since 1979. The main goal of Swiss development cooperation is to support Mozambique in reducing poverty and creating a society that is politically and economically inclusive for all. At the national level, Switzerland is involved in political dialogue and is supporting the government in the implementation of institutional reforms in various sectors.

Locally, Switzerland is working together with individual communities. In its new cooperation strategy for 2017-2020, Switzerland will focus geographically on three northern provinces and thematically on good governance, health and economic development. Switzerland has also provided greater support for the peace process financially, logistically and through technical expertise since 2016 and took over the chair of the International Contact Group in 2017. In addition, it carried out rapid and comprehensive relief operations to provide drinking water after the two cyclones in 2019.

Health

Strengthening the health system and preventing diseases

At the national level, Switzerland supports the government's sector-wide approach, providing technical and financial advice for the implementation of a single and comprehensive policy and reform of the health sector. At a decentralised level, Switzerland is active in improving services in health and water supply. It is also enabling local communities to enter into dialogue with the authorities and to call for accountability and transparency in public health spending. In the province of Cabo Delgado, Switzerland helped ensure that the proportion of mothers who gave birth in health centres was increased from 66% (2010) to 88% (2018). Thanks to Switzerland’s contribution, an additional 60,000 people in Niassa and Cabo Delgado provinces received access to clean drinking water each year.

Health

Economic development

Poverty reduction and economic growth for all

In the Nacala corridor, Switzerland supports small enterprises, mostly farmers, in the strengthening of value chains and is actively promoting microfinance to improve access to financial services. Through the sustainable improvement of agricultural value chains mainly by including the private sector, the income of more than 23,000 smallholder farmers was increased by an average of 70% per year within 4 years. This outreach includes people benefitting from small loans under financial inclusion activities.

SECO complements the SDC's activities by providing technical advice in the area of overall economic support.

Private Sector Development and financial services

Governance

Decentralization and capacity-building

Switzerland supports Mozambique's decentralisation reforms that have been made possible by the peace process. The reforms open up the possibility for a coherent, decentralised system as an important condition for greater political stability and integration. Switzerland supports the local authorities in shaping planning and budget processes in an efficient and participatory way; at the same time, it also helps empower local civil society to demand more accountability and transparency. Switzerland also works to protect land rights and ensure the sustainable use and extraction of natural resources. By strengthening dialogue and practical cooperation between the local authorities, civil society and the private sector, private-sector investment is promoted and Mozambique's population receives the statutory proportion of the profits generated by use of the country's land and natural resources.

In 2019, the SDC launched a new anti-corruption programme to strengthen the capacities of the Attorney General's Office to combat corruption and economic crime and return illicitly acquired assets.

Advocacy and Good Governance

History of cooperation

Swiss support in times of peace and war

Switzerland’s engagement in Mozambique started in 1880 when Swiss missionaries pioneered access to primary education for Mozambicans. Formal development cooperation started in 1979, shortly after Mozambique’s independence and at the beginning of a devastating 16-year civil war.

The first SDC projects focused on water, health and rural development. During the peace process, Switzerland made a significant contribution to the demobilization and rehabilitation of the battle-worn country. Since the peace agreement in 1992, Switzerland has increased its support to Mozambique mainly focusing on economic development, health and water including sanitation, governance and strengthening of civil society.

Multilateral cooperation

Switzerland’s multilateral cooperation includes working with UNICEF in the water and sanitation sector; with the World Bank, the WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF in the health sector; and with the UNDP to promote decentralisation.

Cross-cutting themes:

Gender equality and HIV/AIDS

Switzerland consistently applies its gender policy in all projects and is committed to equality between men and women. It also promotes prevention and protection against HIV/AIDS through awareness-raising activities.

Partners

  • Swiss NGOs:  Helvetas , Swisscontact, Solidar Suisse and Solidarmed
  • Ministries, provincial and district authorities
  • Mozambican NGOs and civil society organisations: e.g. Centro de Integridade Publica, Instituto de Estudios
  • International NGOs: e.g. Netherlands Development Organisation, Concern Universal
  • Donor community (G19)

Current projects

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Economic Policy for Inclusive Growth

01.03.2022 - 31.12.2029

The planned intervention aims at supporting inclusive growth that improves the living standards for the Mozambicans, in particular women and youth. It will be pursued through increased analytical capacity and better informed policy making, by means of focussed support to economic analysis and discussion in and between government and non-government institutions. Emphasis on non-government institutions will enhance the demand for and accountability for effective policy making for inclusive growth


RBCM - Solidar Suisse Resilience Building in Central Mozambique

01.12.2021 - 31.03.2023

After having provided emergency relief and recovery support (response to Idai 2019, Chalane 2020, Eloise 2021), Solidar Suisse is assisting climate change and conflict related displaced persons and host communities in Central Mozambique with durable solutions mainly in the sectors of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), housing, and agricultural production, thus increasing resilience and enabling the beneficiaries to resume a normal life.


African Risk Capacity Programmes in Zambia and Zimbabwe

01.11.2021 - 31.10.2026

This programme will contribute towards strengthening national systems for disaster preparedness through support to drought insurance premiums and capacity building. Switzerland is thus consolidating its engagement in climate change mitigation and disasters risk reduction with the aim to sustainably minimize risk to loss of lives and assets for vulnerable men and women. The Africa Risk Capacity, a specialized agency of the Africa Union, will implement this programme. 


Rural Resilience in Southern Africa / R4 Initiative

01.07.2021 - 30.06.2025

The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative for Southern Africa enables smallholder farmers’ adaptation to climate risk through improved resource management, insurance, livelihoods diversification, microcredit and savings. Through R4, Switzerland has become a credible and trusted partner in resilience building and its learnings have fed into policy dialogue. The emphasis of this final phase is on strengthening government and private sector, as well as the gender approach.  


Futuro Microbank

08.03.2021 - 30.06.2023

Limited access to financial services is a key constraint of rural micro and small women and men entrepreneurs (including farmers) to develop their business and to generate employment and income. The Swiss supported Banco Futuro is successfully providing affordable financial services to rural entrepreneurs (80% women), thus allowing them to enhance business and livelihood opportunities


SYP Safeguard Young People in Eastern African countries

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2024

The SYP program contributes to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of young people, thus  reducing gender based health inequities. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of policies, and strengthens young people’s competencies on and access to SRHR services. The expansion to Tanzania and Rwanda leverages on the  experience in Southern Africa financed by SDC, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s thematic expertise and convening power.


O3+ Our Rights, Our Lives, Our Future

01.10.2020 - 14.09.2025

This project uses targeted interventions in post-secondary educational institutions in Zambia and Zimbabwe to improve access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) among 18-24 year-olds. Working with UNESCO and Ministries of Higher and Tertiary Education, the project brings Switzerland’s lengthy experience in the HIV/SRHR field to bear by targeting an often neglected cohort of young people with tailored interventions to reduce HIV infections, unintended pregnancies, and gender-based violence. 


Contribution to WHO and UNICEF for the COVID-19 response in Mozambique

01.09.2020 - 31.03.2022

With this complementary contributions to the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Switzerland supports the Government of Mozambique to reduce morbidity and mortality due to the COVID-19  pandemic. The program envisages a comprehensive approach with health and Water Sanitation Hygiene components, and aims to develop local long term pandemic preparedness and response capacities for future public health emergencies.   


Implementation Maputo Peace Accord

01.07.2020 - 31.12.2021

As chair of the Contact Group, mediator and main donor to the peace process in Mozambique, Switzerland has played a key role so far, leading to the successful Peace Accord (MPA) between the ruling party (Frelimo) and the opposing party (Renamo) in August 2019. It will continue this engagement with the support of the implementation of this Agreement which focusses on Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reinsertion (DDR) of the ex-combatants and reconciliation and enhanced decentralisation. 


Safeguard Young People – Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

01.01.2020 - 30.06.2023

The UNFPA Safeguard Young People programme contributes to the reduction of HIV infections and improved sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people (aged 10-24) in eight Southern African countries. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of regional policies and helps increase young people’s knowledge, skills, agency, and equitable access to integrated HIV/SRHR services. The SYP leverages one of Switzerland’s 15 priority multilateral organizations to achieve the Swiss goal of wide regional impact.


Strengthening Agro-biodiversity in Southern Africa (SASA)

01.09.2019 - 31.08.2023

While governments have regional and national seed policies favourable to commercial certified seed

production, these are restrictive on farmers’ seed systems that are diverse and resilient. The project

capitalises on Swiss regional experiences on supporting seed systems in Southern Africa. This will include

the empowerment of civil society, farmers’ organisations and governments in developing inclusive agricultural

policies that ultimately contribute to sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity and improved well-being of

smallholder farming communities.


Decentralization for Inclusive Development

01.08.2019 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland played an important role in mediating the Maputo Peace Accord, ending 20 years of conflict between the Frelimo government and Renamo. As part of the negotiations, the country’s constitution was amended, so that provincial governors (and later district governments) will be elected instead of appointed. The intervention supports the decentralization reform through enhancing the quality, sustainable financing and accountability of services for approximately 1 million people in Northern Mozambique.

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