In an increasingly interdependent world, challenges, such as climate change, food security, economic and financial crises, as well as poverty and armed conflicts, do not stop at borders. The actions of individual countries are not enough to overcome them or address their causes. A collective effort at both global and local levels is needed more than ever.
Economic, geopolitical, environmental, societal and technological forces – and their associated risks – are increasingly interrelated. Environmental degradation has reached the point where it is even threatening the basis of life and development. The deterioration of ecosystems, pollution and shrinking biodiversity are not only threatening the foundations of life but also the health and potential for development of people living in poverty.
With the advance of climate change, extreme meteorological phenomena, such as droughts, floods or hurricanes, are becoming increasingly frequent and violent. They are reaching regions that up to recently have been spared and are now affecting increasing numbers of people. This is threatening food security and forcing those affected to find alternatives, including through migration.