Combating Gender-Based Violence in Mongolia
Aiming at sustainable change of behaviour and mental disposition, the 2nd phase of this project seeks to protect the victims of Gender-based Violence (GBV), women/girls and men/boys, and to mitigate the root causes of violence. This follow-up phase focuses on the consolidation and institutionalization of GBV prevention and response mechanism. The project is in line with Mongolia’s and Switzerland’s commitment to combat GBV and gender inequalities.
Sexual & gender-based violence
Human rights (incl. Women's rights)
Legal and judicial development
- United Nations Population Fund
- High prevalence of Gender-based Violence (GBV), and especially Domestic Violence (DV), widespread in all segments of the society both in rural and urban areas;
- National GBV survey of 2017 (1st phase of this project): 57.9% women experienced intimate partner abuse at least once in their lifetime. The survey provided recommendations where to intervene to prevent GBV and how to protect victims;
- Two key legislations addressing gender issues passed in the last decade, promoting gender equality and criminalising domestic violence;
- Parliamentary and local elections in June and October 2020, and related governmental staff changes: need to ensure sustainability of project by sensitizing and training new duty bearers, as well as to institutionalize and consolidate, mainly at local level, interventions of the 1st phase;
- Corona Virus (COVID 19) crisis: reported DV increased during the first quarter 2020 by 18.7%.
|Objectives||To reduce the prevalence of Gender-based Violence /Domestic Violence in the country by further strengthening national capacities for GBV prevention and response.|
- For the whole project at national and local levels: GBV survivors, individuals at risk of GBV, perpetrators of GBV, and policy and decision-makers. With this 2nd phase, men and boys also specifically targeted and engaged to contribute to GBV prevention;
- For the community-based initiatives’ part of the project: same target group, but in 5 (out of 21) provinces and 1 district of the capital city Ulaanbaatar to be selected, based on their high GBV prevalence revealed by the GBV study done in phase 1.
1. Government response mechanisms on GBV/DV are institutionalized and sustained including regular and improved data collection and analysis; and strengthened survivor protection and rehabilitation mechanisms;
2. Selected parts of the population, including men and boys, are engaged at the community level to be made aware of and behave according to gender equitable social norms.
- GBV/DV survey, data collection, analysis and dissemination mechanisms are institutionalized;
- GBV survivor protection and rehabilitation mechanisms are strengthened;
- Comprehensive GBV/DV communication, education and behaviour change model at the community level is piloted in focus areas;
- The capacity of soum/khoroo-level government administration and CSOs on GBV/DV is strengthened;
- Voluntary perpetrator rehabilitation model is implemented.
Results from previous phases:
- First national GBV Survey in 2017 revealing the prevalence of GBV in the country, as well as forms, causes, risk factors, and effects of GBV;
- eGBV integrated database system developed at the National Police Authority to regularly collect data on GBV/DV cases from police stations in all 21 provinces and 9 districts of Mongolia, as well as from One Stop Service Centres (OSSCs) and shelters for survivors of GBV;
- 31 Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) developed and approved to help line ministries/agencies to operationalize the Law to Combat Domestic Violence (LCDV) in their areas of competencies;
- National-level Coordination Council on Crime Prevention (CCCP), headed by the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs, as well as 30 sub-national CCCPs at provincial and district levels established;
- Multidisciplinary teams established at the primary administrative units and members trained;
- 9 new OSSCs established, while 6 existing OSSCs received technical support.
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
United Nations Organization (UNO)
Contribution to the United Nations Population Fund UNFPA
|Coordination with other projects and actors||
· ADB Gender Project
· SDC Projects in Mongolia:
- Understanding and Managing Internal Migration
- Governance and Decentralisation Programme
- Mainstreaming Social Accountability
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 2’730’000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 2’495’160|
|Project phases||Phase 2 01.08.2020 - 31.07.2023 (Current phase) Phase 1 01.05.2016 - 31.07.2020 (Completed)|