Acceso a los recursos naturales, la formación y los ingresos

Mujeres y hombres en Burkina Faso alrededor de una mesa con una máquina.
En la formación, las mujeres deben tener las mismas oportunidades y derechos que los hombres. © COSUDE

Las mujeres desempeñan un papel esencial en la seguridad alimentaria y la reducción de la pobreza, tanto en zonas rurales como urbanas. La COSUDE promueve el acceso de las mujeres a los recursos naturales, la formación profesional, los mercados y los servicios.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

La COSUDE pretende consolidar el papel de las mujeres en la seguridad alimentaria. Sus prioridades son las siguientes:

  • Establecer la igualdad de derechos en el acceso a los recursos, prestando especial atención a la gobernanza de la tierra.
  • Promover el empoderamiento económico de las mujeres mejorando las cadenas de valor, y velando por su acceso a la formación profesional, los mercados y los servicios.
  • Integrar en las economías rurales sistemas de seguridad social sensibles a la dimensión de género.

Contexto

Las mujeres desempeñan un papel fundamental en la seguridad alimentaria y la reducción de la pobreza, ya que tienen una importante presencia en la producción agrícola y en la economía rural. Sin embargo, en muchos países la discriminación social y jurídica dificultan su acceso tanto a la propiedad de la tierra como a su explotación, así como a los medios de producción, la formación profesional y los servicios financieros.

En las economías rurales, la mayoría de las mujeres trabaja en explotaciones agrícolas familiares y en el sector informal, donde asumen un gran volumen de trabajo por unos ingresos muy bajos y con una escasa productividad. Las mujeres suelen trabajar bajo condiciones precarias en sectores de bajos salarios, como la industria textil. Por lo que su potencial para contribuir a la seguridad alimentaria, la económica y al desarrollo está infrautilizado.

Varios análisis muestran que la discriminación estructural de las mujeres en el desarrollo económico se debe principalmente a dos factores:

1. Discriminación múltiple por razones de pertenencia religiosa, social o étnica.

2. Carga por el trabajo doméstico y de cuidados no remunerados, definido por normas sociales y roles de género inamovibles, por lo que, a menudo, es desempeñado por mujeres.

Estos factores limitan las posibilidades de las mujeres de completar una formación o incorporarse a un trabajo productivo y remunerado. También dificultan su acceso a los sistemas de seguridad social, casi siempre ligados a un empleo formal y a unos ingresos.

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 48

Working for Health (W4H)

01.07.2022 - 30.06.2027

More health workers with the right skills are needed to achieve the SDGs, particularly in low income countries. Switzerland contributes to a joint WHO, ILO and OECD program providing catalytic support to governments, social partners and other key stakeholders to develop, finance and implement national health workforce strategies and investment plans. This will improve the supply and employment of health workers, maximise their performance, create decent jobs and accelerate progress towards UHC.   


PYE - Participation and Equity Platform

01.12.2021 - 30.06.2024

PYE, phase 3, aims to consolidate in a platform the efforts of 15 Cuban civil society actors, including the 6 partners part of the Gender Equity Program (PEGIN), for the promotion of laws and public policies to improve human rights in Cuba, in the areas of gender, race, poverty and social inclusion to promote legislative, social and public policy changes, with the promotion of activism and leadership of local actors.


RESPECT - Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens

01.10.2021 - 31.08.2025

L’intervention vise à renforcer la capacité de la Commission Nationale de la Lutte contre le Terrorisme (CNLCT) dans la prévention de l’extrémisme violent (PEV) en améliorant la coordination entre les acteurs clés des secteurs de la sécurité et de la justice. L’approche choisie est holistique combinant des activités qui ont pour objectifs de renforcer la cohésion sociale en ciblant les groupes à risque. Un autre aspect de l’intervention consiste à soutenir la réforme du secteur de la sécurité afin que celui-ci soit conforme avec les standards internationaux régissant les droits humains.


Programme Psychosocial dans la Région des Grands Lacs

01.09.2021 - 31.12.2023

Le programme contribue à l’amélioration du statut des femmes, en particulier celui des survivantes des violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre dans la Région des Grands Lacs (Burundi, Rwanda, RDC). La Suisse a développé une expertise en matière d’approche psychosociale communautaire qui a apporté des changements positifs de comportements et des normes liés au genre. Le focus de cette phase de sortie est l’intégration de cette approche dans les institutions publiques et son soutien par d’autres partenaires. 


Women’s Economic Empowerment in the South Caucasus

01.08.2021 - 31.07.2024

In 2017, Switzerland embarked on a multi-donor project which laid a solid foundation for women’s economic empowerment in the South Caucasus, yet, further support is needed to fulfil women’s rights, which remain constrained by structural and cultural barriers. The Swiss-funded contribution will support capacity-building and provide technical assistance at institutions and policy level and, combined with activities at grassroots level, benefit at least 1’850 vulnerable women in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia


Support to the International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW AP)

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2024

Gender inequalities persist and are a major barrier for poverty reduction and sustainable inclusive development. SDC supports the International Women’s Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) Asia Pacific, a non-governmental organisation working nationally, regionally, and globally towards the achievement of women's human rights, especially through the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) mechanism.


Long-term support to UNRWA’s reform

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2022

Switzerland contributes to enable UNRWA to pursue key reform areas of its Medium-Term Strategy 2016-2022, mainly by supporting (i) management initiatives and set of actions to ensure that governance, accountability, management and transparency meet international standards, and (ii) the systematic integration and attention to the needs of vulnerable groups, in particular children, persons with disabilities and women survivors of violence.


Promotion and respect of human rights, gender equality and the international humanitarian law

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland aims at enhancing prospects for Palestinians to live in dignity, prosperity and peace with Israel, via the respect and promotion of human rights, including gender equality, international humanitarian law and the rule of law by all duty bearers. To this end, SDC supports ten Palestinian and Israeli human rights and humanitarian law organizations active in the oPt, which provide legal aid and protection services to the population and advocate for the respect of the international law. 


Scaling-up improved sanitation – Bridging Phase Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF)

01.05.2021 - 31.10.2022

Investments in Sanitation, Hygiene and Menstrual Health are crucial to achieving the SDGs. The recently launched and UN-led Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF) aims to fill a gaping void in the international response to the sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health crisis. With this project, Switzerland supports the SHF in its operational set-up, starting country readiness work, resource mobilization and to become operational by early 2022


SYP Safeguard Young People in Eastern African countries

01.03.2021 - 28.02.2024

The SYP program contributes to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of young people, thus  reducing gender based health inequities. It supports the adoption, domestication and implementation of policies, and strengthens young people’s competencies on and access to SRHR services. The expansion to Tanzania and Rwanda leverages on the  experience in Southern Africa financed by SDC, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s thematic expertise and convening power.


Financial support to the Programme of Work and Budget of the OECD Development Center 2021-2022

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2022

The Development Center of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development is a policy oriented institution which conducts studies and provides platforms for dialogues and knowledge sharing between OECD and non OECD countries. Switzerland’s support to the Center contributes to the development of inclusive and responsive public policies that foster sustainable and inclusive growth with the objective to reduce poverty and inequalities in emerging and developing economies.  


Supporting Small-scale Dairy Production

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2024

This contribution aims at improving economic empowerment and resilience of women dairy producers in Abkhazia and Samegrelo. The protracted conflict in Abkhazia impedes socio-economic development, leading to high poverty and vulnerability to external shocks, as COVID-19. Women are particularly vulnerable, as they are also victims of gender-based discrimination and domestic violence. Farmer Field Schools will empower women by enhancing their technical and leadership skills.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 48