Un approccio basato sulle cause principali delle fragilità e sulla resilienza

La Svizzera ha notevolmente incrementato il proprio sostegno alle regioni fragili e colpite da conflitti. Il messaggio concernente la cooperazione internazionale 2017-2020, approvato dal Parlamento, ha aumentato del 50% l’aiuto bilaterale accordato a questi Paesi.

Tali fondi sono stanziati per lottare contro le cause dei conflitti, per rafforzare la società civile, per incentivare il rispetto dei diritti umani e per promuovere una governance responsabile a livello nazionale e locale.

La DSC è attiva in numerosi Paesi e regioni interessati da conflitti, latenti o attivi, e colpiti in modo significativo da una o più dimensioni della fragilità, in particolare in Afghanistan, in Nord Africa, in Burundi, nel Corno d’Africa, ad Haiti, nel Mali, in Myanmar e in Nepal.

Nuovi percorsi per la cooperazione allo sviluppo

Nel 2015 gli Stati membri dell’ONU hanno adottato l’Agenda 2030 per uno sviluppo sostenibile. L’Obiettivo di sviluppo sostenibile n. 16 (OSS 16) stabilisce un legame diretto tra sviluppo sostenibile e società pacifiche e inclusive e istituzioni forti. Questo obiettivo definisce la pace come un soggetto legittimo dello sviluppo e concretizza così l’impegno preso a Busan nel 2011 a favore di un «new deal» per l’impegno negli Stati fragili.

Le considerazioni umanitarie, l’obiettivo di uno sviluppo sostenibile e il miglioramento della sicurezza mondiale sono altrettante ragioni che depongono a favore di un impegno particolare nei contesti fragili, nonostante i maggiori rischi che esso presenta. Questo impegno si colloca al crocevia delle grandi agende internazionali per il mantenimento della pace, per l’umanità o per i diritti umani. Tale impegno riconosce infine la necessità di adattare ogni intervento al proprio contesto, tenendo conto di tutta la sua complessità.

Lottare contro le fragilità consente di raggiungere le persone più a rischio di essere trascurare

Le comunità più a rischio sono quelle colpite da conflitti armati cronici e da altre forme di violenza, dal mancato accesso alla giustizia, da una corruzione dilagante, dal mancato rispetto dei diritti umani o da istituzioni non inclusive e che non si assumono le proprie responsabilità.

I Paesi caratterizzati da una situazione di fragilità sono quelli che hanno ottenuto i risultati meno soddisfacenti nel quadro degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo del Millennio (OSM) prima del 2015 e rischiano anche di essere trascurati nell’ambito della realizzazione degli Obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile (OSS) entro il 2030. Per tale ragione, lottare contro le varie forme di fragilità contribuisce direttamente a raggiungere le popolazioni trascurate e in particolare quelle più vulnerabili.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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Bangladesh Agricultural and Disaster Insurance Programme

01.01.2027 - 31.12.2028

Farmers will improve their productivity and resilience by gaining access to client-oriented and affordable agricultural insurance products. Insurance-cover will allow farmers to invest in higher-return activities, access credit and to recover faster when affected by weather, diseases and disasters. By building capacity of and facilitating coordination and linkages among key stakeholders, inclusive insurance markets will be developed to eventually cater for several million farmers.


Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership to achieve a water-secure world for all

01.07.2026 - 31.12.2030

The Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership (GWSP) of the World Bank Water Global Practice is a global partnership with the objective to address the water and sanitation challenge in an integrated manner, as set out by the Global Sustainable Development Goal 6. This SDC support will promote innovative global knowledge production and exchange, dialogue and partnerships, as well as country-level support across regions at global scale.


UN-Water: Strengthening the Global Water Architecture for the effective achievement of the 2030 Agenda

01.01.2026 - 31.12.2030

UN-Water has now firmly established itself as a major actor in water and in coordinating UN agencies to speak as one voice for water. SDC’s support to UN-Water’s core budget is crucial to ensure that the political ambition of the 2030 Agenda for water and its related targets has an efficient institutional setting allowing an integrated monitoring and an efficient follow-up and review and strong coordination between UN agencies. UN-Water will be key to bring a more effective, integrated and coordinated approach to support the implementation of the 2030 Agenda with regards to water and sanitation and to review progress.


Contribution au programme santé de mediCuba-Suiza (mCS)

01.09.2025 - 31.08.2027

Après plusieurs années de soutien sporadiques, la coopération suisse propose de renouveler un soutien programme à l’association suisse mediCuba-Suiza (mCS). Cette dernière collabore avec plusieurs institutions publiques de premier plan, et favorise les échanges techniques entre professionnels de la santé en leur permettant un accès aux technologies et méthodes de traitement modernes. mCS  contribue ainsi à la couverture universelle des services de santé.


Strengthening regional cooperation on migration in the Western Balkans

01.06.2025 - 31.12.2027

In light of diversifying migration patterns and challenges with increasing regional dimensions, the migration policy priorities of Western Balkan governments are changing and the relevance of regional dialogue, coordination and cooperation is growing. This proposal seeks to promote coherent and effective regional governance of migration in all its multifaceted dimensions contributing to greater social cohesion and regional integration in the Western Balkans.


UN Joint Programme on Youth Employment

01.01.2025 - 31.12.2028

Cambodia is the most youthful country in South East Asia with more than 50% of the population below 25 years. The key challenge of Cambodia is to create decent and productive employment opportunities for new entrants to the labour market. With its contribution, SDC addresses the challenge by enabling young people to have access to skills and quality education and employment whilst promoting rightful and decent working conditions.


Horn of Africa: One Health Units for Humans, Environment, Animals and Livelihoods

01.09.2024 - 30.06.2032

The project aims at improving the well-being of targeted pastoral communities challenged with inadequate access to basic health/veterinary services and environmental conditions in Somalia, Ethiopia and Northern Kenya through integrated health service delivery for both pastoralists and their livestock. The project will contribute to stability and vulnerability’s reduction of citizens in the region, thereby reducing their displacement/migration which is in the interest of Switzerland and the international community.


Solar Irrigation for Agriculture Resilience (SoLAR)

01.07.2024 - 31.07.2027

To adapt to climate change farmers rely increasingly on irrigation, ultimately depleting groundwater resources and raising energy demand. The project aims to address these challenges by promoting solar irrigation, water efficient agriculture and groundwater governance. The project will harness Swiss expertise on hydrogeology and technical innovations to contribute to climate resilient agriculture and facilitate knowledge sharing in South Asia and at the global level.


Swiss Malaria Group

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2025

Founded in 2007 as an informal network, the Swiss Malaria Group (SMG) has undergone organisational development leading to a formalized multi-stakeholder group with a strategic focus on raising awareness about malaria and the comparative advantage of Switzerland to defeat the disease. Organised as an association, with an Executive Secretariat hosted by Medicus Mundi Switzerland, the 15 organisations help accelerating malaria elimination, through innovative control measures, knowledge and financial flows.


Supporting Civil Society Organizations in Nicaragua

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

SDC and other like-minded donors are engaged in enhancing the democratic and public policy processes in Nicaragua. A strong civil society is essential to the quality and sustainability of this effort. The proposed program will promote citizen participation, strengthen capacities of Civil Society Organizations and foster informed policy dialogue. 


Adaptation to Climate Change in Mountains

01.12.2023 - 30.09.2027

Mountain ecosystems and societies are particularly sensitive to climate change. Targeted adaptation measures are essential to increase the resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems in mountains. The programme will harness Swiss expertise and generate information on climate change impacts and related adaptation strategies in mountains and feed them into regional science-policy platforms and global policy frameworks for adaptation planning in mountains.


Clean Air Project in India (CAP India)

01.10.2023 - 30.06.2027

India is one of the most severely affected countries by air pollution in the world. This project will contribute to India’s new National Clean Air Programme, with the aim to improve air quality with co-benefits on public health, environment and climate change. Capacity building and technical assistance through Swiss expertise will support data measurement and analysis, city level clean air action plans and awareness raising campaigns to take precautionary measures and mitigate air pollution.

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