Prevenzione delle catastrofi, aiuto d’emergenza, ricostruzione e protezione

 Persone raccolgono l'acqua proveniente da una cisterna nel Sudan del Sud
Nel Sudan del Sud l'Aiuto umanitario ha costruito vari punti di approvvigionamento idrico per permettere alle comunità locali di accedere all'acqua potabile. © DSC

La prevenzione delle catastrofi, l’aiuto d’emergenza e la ricostruzione sono i tre campi di intervento dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC. Questi tre ambiti corrispondono rispettivamente all’impegno prima, durante e dopo le crisi, i conflitti armati e le catastrofi.

Con prevenzione si intendono tutte le misure prese per proteggere la popolazione e le infrastrutture. La prevenzione dei pericoli e la riduzione della vulnerabilità contribuiscono allo sviluppo sostenibile e vengono perseguite in tutti i progetti e i programmi della DSC. Il primo compito dell’aiuto d’emergenza è salvare vite umane e alleviare le sofferenze delle vittime nei momenti più acuti di una crisi. Due terzi dei fondi dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC sono destinati a questi interventi. Passata l’emergenza e quando la situazione si è ormai stabilizzata possono iniziare i lavori di ricostruzione e ripristino. In caso di conflitti che perdurano nel tempo, l’impegno su questi tre fronti può essere simultaneo. 

La protezione delle popolazioni rappresenta una delle quattro priorità tematiche dell’Aiuto umanitario della DSC insieme agli ambiti riduzione dei rischi di catastrofi, acqua potabile, igiene e servizi igienico-sanitari, violenza sessuale e di genere.

Prevenzione delle catastrofi

I disastri naturali colpiscono indistintamente i Paesi ricchi e quelli poveri, ma le loro ripercussioni variano a seconda del livello di sviluppo del Paese colpito.

Aiuto immediato e aiuto d'urgenza

L'aiuto d'urgenza della Confederazione, con gli esperti del Corpo svizzero di aiuto umanitario (CSA), viene impiegato in tutto il mondo in situazioni di crisi, conflitti e catastrofi.

Ricostruzione e riabilitazione

I programmi di ricostruzione e riabilitazione sono volti in generale a ristabilire condizioni di vita normali delle popolazioni colpite, aiutando queste ultime a superare i traumi delle guerre e delle calamità naturali e a migliorare a lungo termine la situazione abitativa, le infrastrutture e i redditi.

Protezione

I conflitti armati e le catastrofi naturali espongono i sopravvissuti a rischi di violenza fisica o psichica.

Progetti attuali

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Provision of CCCM, protection and social cohesion responses to Sudan crisis affected populations in Renk and Manyo Counties, Upper Nile

01.06.2024 - 31.12.2024

To respond to the needs of the growing number of refugees and returnees crossing the border into South Sudan due to the ongoing crisis in the Sudan, both in camp and host community settings. The intervention will improve CCCM, WASH2 and protection in Renk town, in the Transit Center (TC) at Renk and in the Reception Centre (RC) in Joda and Manyo.


Swiss Emergency Response Team (SERT)

16.04.2024 - 31.12.2027

Several Swiss organizations active in Mozambique together with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) decided to join forces to be organized in a way, that we all together have fast and unbureaucratic access for doing the rapid needs assessment together and provide immediate response support where possible in Mozambique. Since 2021, the Swiss Emergency Response Team (SERT) organized several trainings in crisis management, rapid needs assessment and cash/voucher-based approaches for the staff members of the organizations. Doing the crisis management and rapid need assessment together creates synergy and complementarity among partners rather than each partner planning a response at the same place. A coordinated, locally led intervention will also yield the data necessary to justify an appeal to SDC’s emergency fund in time, should it be opportune.



UNHAS - Accès aux bénéficiaires en Afrique de l’Ouest

01.03.2024 - 31.12.2027

Dans un contexte d’insécurité alimentaire croissante et d’accès humanitaire précaire au Sahel, le service aérien humanitaire des Nations Unies (UNHAS) permet d’accéder aux populations dans le besoin grâce à un transport sûr et rapide de personnes et de biens. La contribution à UNHAS permettra d’atteindre les populations vulnérables dans les régions reculées ou enclavées et d’assurer le suivi des programmes suisses.


UNHCR Digital Hub of Treasury Solutions (DHoTS)

01.02.2024 - 31.01.2026

Switzerland supports UNHCR’s Digital Hub of Treasury Solutions to create a UN Center of Excellence (CoE) in Geneva. It will facilitate the UN System’s and its partners’ access to global financial ecosystems and markets. It will trigger collaboration opportunities for advancing new cutting-edge capabilities and technologies, support preparedness and readiness in humanitarian emergencies for the delivery of aid assistance and financial inclusion and reduce financial transaction costs.


Accelerating the implementation of international commitments towards locally led humanitarian action 2024-2025

01.02.2024 - 30.06.2025

Locally led humanitarian action, development and peacebuilding (LLHDP) receives greater attention in international cooperation. Switzerland has a long tradition in working on LLHDP but lacks a coherent approach in taking this further. Through initiatives under this credit proposal SDC is making a meaningful contribution to the implementation of international commitments and efforts on LLHDP. This includes greater goal setting and progress on LLHDP, action-oriented research and catalytic actions to address specific blockages across the sector.


Ukraine: Humanity and Inclusion Strengthening capacities of mine action actors

01.02.2024 - 31.12.2027

SDC will contribute to Humanity and Inclusion’s project to accelerating the effectiveness of mine action efforts through innovative Non-Technical survey, increasing awareness among the conflict-affected population about the risks of explosive ordnance, and delivering tailored victims’ assistance services to conflict-affected vulnerable people.


UNICEF, EMOPS Geneva, Core Contribution 2024-2025

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2025

The Office of Emergency Programmes (EMOPS) ensures that the United Nations Children’s Fund’s (UNICEF) role in complex emergencies is clearly defined, the organization properly equipped and prepared to deliver its mandate to support the needs of children. SDC’s support to EMOPS in Geneva enables UNICEF to lead inter-agency humanitarian coordination, response and standard setting in Water and Sanitation (WASH), Education, Nutrition and Child Protection.


SUD, OCHA: Sudan Humanitarian Fund 2024

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

The SHF is a country-based pooled fund that contributes to saving lives and protecting people in need by strengthening a coordinated and principled humanitarian response. It enables humanitarian actors to respond early and fast to humanitarian needs set out in the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and to critical emergencies. All interventions are in line with the Minimum Operating Standards approved by the Humanitarian Country Team.


SDC Contribution to the 34th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

01.01.2024 - 30.06.2025

The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (hereafter the Movement) is among the most important partner of Switzerland in the implementation of its humanitarian priorities as defined in the Swiss International Cooperation Strategy. As the highest deliberative body, the Conference is of great importance for the Movement’s work, as well as for the promotion of international humanitarian law (IHL). The support for the Conference, the Movement as well as the strengthening of IHL constitutes strong priorities for Switzerland.


Yearly Contribution to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) 2024

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

Established in 2005 as the UN’s global emergency response fund, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) – managed and administered by OCHA – pools contributions from funding partners around the world into a single global fund to enable more timely and reliable humanitarian assistance to those affected by natural disasters and armed conflicts. It is often the first funding source in new and rapidly escalating emergencies, and one of the few funding sources in underfunded emergencies.


Additional Allocation of SDC Funding (Sub-Saharan Africa Division) in 2024 to ICRC Operations in DRC

01.01.2024 - 31.12.2024

SDC funding to ICRC operations allows the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to respond proactively and to provide immediate protection and assistance for people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. In line with the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles, Switzerland recognizes the necessity of predictable and flexible funding to respond to changing needs in humanitarian crises.

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