Switzerland is physically and geographically closely integrated into the electricity system of its neighbouring countries, but it lacks legal guarantees with the EU. An electricity agreement is therefore being planned under the evolving Swiss–EU bilateral approach. Switzerland is closely integrated into.

The electricity agreement will secure cooperation on grid stability, simplify electricity trading, and strengthen security of supply. In future, Swiss suppliers will be able to participate in the EU's internal electricity market on an equal footing. For example, the national grid operator, Swissgrid, will be integrated into the EU's processes for transmission system operators. In addition, cooperation between Swiss authorities and institutions and their counterparts at European level is to be consolidated. The new agreement will also contain clearly defined rules on state aid and its accompanying supervision.

Negotiations with the EU on this matter started in 2007 and were suspended in 2018 by the EU owing to unresolved institutional issues at the time. Negotiations are to be resumed in 2024 and the institutional elements will also be incorporated into the electricity agreement. 

Factsheet: Electricity (PDF, 1 Page, 240.2 kB, English)