Switzerland and Mexico maintain close and varied relations. The two countries are active at the multilateral level in particular, often adopting similar positions. Switzerland has lively commercial exchanges with Mexico, its second most important trading partner in Latin America.
Bilateral relations Switzerland–Mexico
Key aspects of diplomatic relations
Switzerland and Mexico have close political ties. The two countries have concluded agreements in a number of areas: air transport, double taxation, visas, investment and mutual legal assistance. Senior officials from Mexico's Secretariat of Foreign Affairs and Switzerland's Department of Foreign Affairs have met every year since 2007 for bilateral consultations. Switzerland and Mexico also work closely together in the multilateral context.
The two countries address economic issues bilaterally and in the framework of the EFTA-Mexico Free Trade Agreement, which is currently being updated. The Swiss embassy in Mexico is also responsible for diplomatic relations with Belize.
Switzerland and Mexico undertook to strengthen bilateral trade under the EFTA-Mexico Free Trade Agreement. Exploratory discussions are under way with a view to updating the agreement. Switzerland is one of the largest foreign investors in Mexico, with a total stock of direct investment of CHF 7 billion in 2016. Swiss companies employ over 32,000 people in Mexico.
Swiss imports from Mexico amounted to CHF 1.44 billion in 2017 and exports to the country to almost CHF 1.37 billion.
In order to promote trade, Switzerland Global Enterprise opened a Swiss Business Hub in May 2012 and the Swiss-Mexican Chamber of Commerce was inaugurated in November 2016 in Mexico City.
Cooperation in education, research and innovation
In accordance with a letter of intent signed by Mexico's Ministry of Public Education and Switzerland's State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI), the two countries have collaborated on vocational education and training since November 2016.
Researchers and artists from Mexico can apply to SERI for Swiss Government Excellence Scholarships.
Peace promotion and human security
The Swiss embassy regularly oversees projects in the area of human security.
Swiss nationals in Mexico
According to figures provided by the Swiss embassy in Mexico City and the Swiss honorary consulates in Cancún, Guadalajara and Monterrey, 5,298 Swiss nationals were living in Mexico at the end of 2017.
There are three Swiss schools in Mexico, located in Mexico City, Cuernavaca and Querétaro.
History of bilateral relations
The United Mexican States gained independence from Spain in 1821. In 1827, Switzerland opened an honorary consulate in Mexico City. Exchanges of a predominantly commercial nature began in the mid-19th century. In 1945, Switzerland opened a legation in Mexico, which was upgraded to an embassy in 1958. The 70th anniversary of bilateral relations was celebrated in 2015/2016 with a series of high-level visits and numerous cultural events in Mexico and Switzerland. Federal Councillors Didier Burkhalter and Alain Berset and the President of the Swiss Confederation, Johann Schneider-Ammann, visited Mexico City to mark the anniversary..