Establishing a network of protected areas that secure biological diversity is one of the fundamental nature conservation strategies of the Government of Mongolia. As of today, there are 124 state protected areas covering 21% of Mongolia’s territory. In addition, there are many key biodiversity areas recognized for their international and regional importance. Creating such a vast network of protected areas is a huge accomplishment, and Mongolia is setting a good example among developing countries of taking important conservation areas under the government’s protection. However, not all protected areas and key biodiversity areas receive the funding necessary to safeguard and manage them adequately.