Somalia - UN Joint Programme on Local Governance and Decentralized Service Delivery (JPLG)
After two decades of civil war and the following establishment of an internationally recognised federal government of Somalia in 2012, the UN Joint Programme for Local Governance and Decentralised Service Delivery (JPLG) supports the building up of more effective, accountable and inclusive local governance systems. Focusing on improved regulatory frameworks, enhanced public service delivery, and civic engagement, SDC contributes to enhanced state legitimacy, peacebuilding and more equitable access to public service well-being for all citizens, aiming thereby at more stability in the Horn of Africa.
Public finance management
Public sector policy
- Policy, legal and regulatory frameworks on local governance finalized.
- Local governments have the capacity to deliver equitable and sustainable services, promote economic development and peace
- Local governments demonstrate improved engagement of citizens, with an emphasis on women and marginalized groups
- Policies, laws and strategies for decentralization are drafted to clarify the division of functional responsibilities among central/federal, state and local governments.
- Strengthened competencies and systems for revenue generation, planning, budgeting, service delivery
- Communities (particularly women and marginalised groups) engage with local governments and hold them accountable for their actions.
- Representation of marginalized groups is increased.
- Improved capacity of local governments: Thanks to improved capacity of the Puntland and Somaliland governments Partner local governments (with continued UN partnership) are aware about their duties and responsibilities, public salaries are paid on time; citizens pay receipted taxes; communities are asked their opinions, contractors bid; procurement committees evaluate and approve contacts; land tribunals manage conflicts; cities build strategic visions;
- Key social services are delivered and revenue generated: Several partner governments achieved a significant rise in local tax revenue: Hargeisa municipality’s annual revenue has increased from $2.04 million in 2008 to 7.78 million in 2016 – a 42% growth per year. Property tax in Bossaso grew from $45,000 in 2014 to over $300,000 by the end of 2015. In Berbera, revenues from local sources going to service delivery had increased from $40,000 in 2014 to $ $247,156 in 2016, an increase of over 600%. This demonstrates confidence of citizens in local governments and of local government ownership of their responsibilities.
- District council formation spread to South: In Jubbaland and South West State Local Governments laws were passed and the establishment of District Councils is on the top of the political agenda at Federal Member States and Federal Government.
- United Nations Development Programme
|Background||Somalia faces the huge challenge of rebuilding formal state institutions amid recurrent and protracted conflict. The Federal government in Mogadishu has remained largely unable to cover the vast needs across the country, in particular security and basic service provision. However, the Federal Members States of Somalia have begun to demonstrate both a degree of political will and some capacity to provide these services easing the burden for the Federal Government. All stakeholders, including the Government of Somalia, have identified the unique role of local governance in strengthening social contracts and contributing to service delivery, as well as their role in building the legitimacy of the state and improving the resilience of communities to shocks, conflict and disasters. A stable and peaceful Somalia is of high interest for Switzerland especially in regards to migration. Establishing and capacitating local governments to promote good governance are included as national priorities in the National Development Plan (and associated State Development Plans) as well as the constitution. However, the legal framework and the on the division of roles between federal and local governments still need to be clarified.|
|Objectives||Functioning local government institutions that contribute to peace and development by effectively and accountably responding to the needs and rights of all Somalis.|
|Target groups||The ultimate beneficiary is the population of the six regions who will benefit from improved governance systems and service delivery provided by all six federal states and Benadir Regional Administration. The direct partner is the federal ministry of interior who leads the process and supports the target districts. Women are especially targeted for participating in dialogue and leadership during the district formation process and service delivery.|
Results from previous phases:
|Directorate/federal office responsible||
United Nations Organization (UNO)
|Coordination with other projects and actors||The programme will link with other relevant programmes, such as Durable Solutions, the World Bank’s Urban Development Project, and the ongoing USAIDTIS+ initiative, Finnish Church Aid and Somalia Stability Fund with the objective of aligning systems, avoiding duplication, creating synergies, and ensuring sustainability. Switzerland’s support to Inclusive politics with focus on state building which will complement JPLG’s support to bottom-up local governance strengthening. Further inter-linkages with engagement with WB Multi Partner Fund, as both programmes also work on power and resource sharing aspects at local and federal level.|
|Budget||Current phase Swiss budget CHF 9'000'000 Swiss disbursement to date CHF 6'000'000|
|Project phases||Phase 2 01.09.2018 - 31.12.2021 (Current phase) Phase 1 01.08.2013 - 31.12.2017 (Completed)|