Wind farm on Mont Crosin
While Switzerland's energy consumption is currently still dominated by fossil fuels, the country is set to consume energy more sustainably through its Energy Strategy 2050. © SFOE

The energy that Switzerland currently consumes is primarily imported and non-renewable. In future, less energy should be consumed and its sources should be more sustainable. The Federal Council launched the Energy Strategy 2050 in 2011 to achieve this goal.

Most of the energy used in Switzerland comes from petroleum, nuclear and hydroelectric power plants, and natural gas. Around 70% of the energy consumed in Switzerland is imported, with its sources non-renewable for the most part. In 2011, Switzerland decided to realise the energy transition domestically through its Energy Strategy 2050 so as to achieve climate neutrality and free itself from dependence on fossil fuels.

The goals of the energy strategy are to massively reduce energy consumption in stages by 2050 and to greatly increase the share of renewables in the energy mix. Nuclear power plants are to be decommissioned at the end of their operating lives.

Energy – Facts and Figures

In Switzerland, energy is mainly produced from oil, followed by nuclear energy, hydropower and gas. The government is driving the transition to renewable energies and the reduction of energy consumption.

Energy Policy

With its Energy Strategy 2050, Switzerland aims to significantly reduce its energy-related environmental impact and its dependence on other countries.

Renewable Energy

Hydroelectric power dominates Switzerland's renewable energy landscape. 'New' renewable energy sources such as photovoltaics are gaining ground fast.

Non-renewable energy

Oil, nuclear energy and gas dominate the non-renewable energy mix. They make Switzerland dependent on imports.