Switzerland focuses on three priority areas to help combat poverty in Burkina Faso: governance and democracy, basic education and vocational skills development (VSD), and local economic development. Switzerland has been providing humanitarian aid to the country's most vulnerable communities since 2019. 

In spite of sustained economic growth (6% in 2019), driven by gold and cotton exports, Burkina Faso remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Most of the population are smallholder farmers in rural areas and depend on subsistence cereal farming, which is particularly vulnerable to climate change-related difficulties. A sharp increase in violence since 2018 has also further weakened the country as well as the trust between citizens and the state.

Against this backdrop of growing insecurity, Switzerland is working to maintain development gains, reduce suffering and facilitate conflict transformation. Activities currently focus on governance and democracy, basic education and VSD, and economic development.