Reforzar la atención internacional en la gestión sostenible del agua

Un informe que lleva por título «Una cuestión de supervivencia» está sobre la mesa.
Lanzamiento del informe final del Panel Mundial de Alto Rango para el Agua y la Paz en Ginebra. © Presencia Suiza DFAE

La COSUDE se esfuerza por que el objetivo del agua de la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible sea implantado lo antes posible y el tema del agua se tenga mucho más en cuenta a nivel internacional. Las actividades de Suiza se basan en el convencimiento y la experiencia de que la gestión sostenible de los recursos hídricos es imprescindible en el desarrollo social, económico y ecológico, así como en la salvaguarda de la paz internacional.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

Los esfuerzos internacionales en materia de acceso al agua potable y al saneamiento han dado lugar a mejoras significativas, pero aun insuficientes. En la actualidad, 844 millones de personas carecen de acceso seguro al agua potable, y un tercio de la población mundial no tiene servicios de saneamiento adecuados.

La COSUDE trabaja por fortalecer la implementación del objetivo del agua de la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible. Junto con un grupo de países, la COSUDE apoya el diálogo político global con el fin de exigir compromisos internacionales y lograr actividades específicas para la implementación del objetivo. Con su experiencia de larga data en la gestión del agua, Suiza contribuye de manera significativa a la identificación de soluciones integrales y transfronterizas. Además, la COSUDE refuerza la voz de los jóvenes en el diálogo político a nivel regional y mundial, y como potenciales especialistas en agua del futuro.

La gestión del agua es una cuestión particularmente compleja de abordar para la comunidad internacional: Suiza tiene un vasto conocimiento de este campo. El Ródano y el Rin, grandes ríos europeos que nacen en su territorio, así como los lagos transfronterizos le han reportado muchos años de experiencia en la gestión transfronteriza del agua, razón por la que puede ayudar a elaborar soluciones para otras regiones del mundo.

Trasfondo

Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible: El agua, un objetivo específico

Bajo la dirección de la COSUDE, Suiza abogó exitosamente junto a una coalición de países por la inclusión del agua como un objetivo específico en la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible. El Objetivo 6 incluye, además del acceso al agua potable, el saneamiento y la higiene, otros subobjetivos para la protección y restauración de los ecosistemas relacionados con el agua. Una gestión integral de los recursos hídricos en la que participen todos los usuarios a todos los niveles requiere también fomentar la cooperación transfronteriza entre los países.

El agua y el desarrollo humano

Con un suministro fiable de agua potable y un saneamiento básico suficiente, la población tiende a mantenerse sana, los costos médicos disminuyen y los niños faltan menos a la escuela por enfermedad. Los puntos de agua en las inmediaciones de los lugares en que se vive ahorran un tiempo precioso que, de otro modo, se gastaría en ir a buscar agua, tarea que a menudo es cosa de mujeres y niños.

El agua es también crucial para asegurar los medios de subsistencia en las zonas rurales, para la producción de alimentos y de energía, y para el crecimiento de la industria y los servicios.

Por otra parte, la falta de agua causa tensiones o incluso conflictos. 153 países comparten con uno o más países vecinos ríos, reservas de agua subterránea o lagos. Las rivalidades por los recursos tienen, por tanto, un impacto directo en la paz y la seguridad. Por el contrario, la gestión conjunta y pacífica promueve la paz y la estabilidad.

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 124

Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership to achieve a water-secure world for all

01.07.2026 - 31.12.2030

The Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership (GWSP) of the World Bank Water Global Practice is a global partnership with the objective to address the water and sanitation challenge in an integrated manner, as set out by the Global Sustainable Development Goal 6. This SDC support will promote innovative global knowledge production and exchange, dialogue and partnerships, as well as country-level support across regions at global scale.


UN-Water: Strengthening the Global Water Architecture for the effective achievement of the 2030 Agenda

01.01.2026 - 31.12.2030

UN-Water has now firmly established itself as a major actor in water and in coordinating UN agencies to speak as one voice for water. SDC’s support to UN-Water’s core budget is crucial to ensure that the political ambition of the 2030 Agenda for water and its related targets has an efficient institutional setting allowing an integrated monitoring and an efficient follow-up and review and strong coordination between UN agencies. UN-Water will be key to bring a more effective, integrated and coordinated approach to support the implementation of the 2030 Agenda with regards to water and sanitation and to review progress.


Solar Irrigation for Agriculture Resilience (SoLAR)

01.07.2024 - 31.07.2027

To adapt to climate change farmers rely increasingly on irrigation, ultimately depleting groundwater resources and raising energy demand. The project aims to address these challenges by promoting solar irrigation, water efficient agriculture and groundwater governance. The project will harness Swiss expertise on hydrogeology and technical innovations to contribute to climate resilient agriculture and facilitate knowledge sharing in South Asia and at the global level.


Sustainable water management for food security and nutrition in agriculture and food systems

01.07.2023 - 31.03.2027

Agriculture accounts globally for 70% freshwater use. Inefficient water use, water pollution, climate change and increasing global water demand puts agriculture under pressure, as well for smallholders. SDC can build on successful experiences in this domain and will support projects in Africa in ecologically sustainable water management in smallholder agriculture and food systems, improve smallholders’ economic and social situation and increase the resilience of their livelihoods.


Blue Peace: Unlocking the value of transboundary, multisectoral and transgenerational investments

01.07.2023 - 31.12.2029

In order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals government efforts do not suffice, large private capitals deployed towards development are needed. Switzerland has a comparative advantage as innovative finance hub. Building on this, SDC contributes to the development of innovative financial products that enable transboundary, multisectoral and transgenerational investments with aim to contribute to sustainable development and peace.


Research for action

01.08.2022 - 31.12.2030

The 2017 Joint Monitoring Report, published in July, states that serious efforts have been made since the Millennium Development Goals to improve access to safe water and sanitation around the world. However, disparities remain, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and for the rural poor, more drastic for sanitation. This project aims to reduce this gap, by supporting applied research, transformative innovations, capacity development and networking, which will answer to the needs and requirements of the targeted population.


Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation Management

01.03.2022 - 28.02.2026

The project will allow people to use safe and affordable drinking water as well as equitable sanitation and hygiene thereby progressing towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 in Tajikistan. An integrated planning approach supports the building of the local and national capacities and strengthen the policy frameworks to enable sustainable Water Sanitation and Hygiene WASH services to the population of Eastern Khatlon and Gorno-Badakshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO).


Sustainable Natural Resources Management (NRM) for Enhanced Pastoralist Food Security in the Borana Zone, Ethiopia.

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2027

Natural resources, particularly water and pasture, are among the key determinants of pastoralist livelihoods’ sustainability. The proposed Project contributes to the outcomes of the SDC’s Food Security Domain as stipulated in the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Horn of Africa. It aims at improving pastoralist food security and adaptive capacities in the lowlands of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, through enhancing the sustainable management of natural resources.


GVCD - Gaza Vulnerable Communities Development Programme

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2024

Through the Gaza Vulnerable Communities Development Programme, Switzerland contributes to covering basic needs and fostering social cohesion in the Gaza Strip. The successful intervention model applied in the 1st Phase is extended and scaled up under this 2nd Phase. Small infrastructure projects addressing basic needs of vulnerable communities serve as an entry point for a local dialogue on development priorities, enabled through building the capacities of both duty bearers and right holders, including youth and women.


Contribution to Swiss Water Partnership (SWP)

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2025

The Swiss Water Partnership is a multi-stakeholder platform bringing together Swiss organizations from the academic, civil society including youth, public and private sectors, to join forces and find innovative solutions for water challenges in developing and transition countries. Umbrella of Swiss water stakeholders at the international level, carrying the diversity of the Swiss voice, the SWP is an important complementary partner to SDC to accelerate the 2030 water agenda.


City-to-City Partnership Hawassa – Lugano

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2026

This contribution supports an innovative Swiss-Ethiopian municipal twinning partnership to enhance capacity at the sub-national level to manage access to drinking water in good quantity and quality according to the Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 and 6.3 in underserved communities. The partnership will be accompanied by a research and education component, involving local and Swiss innovative university partnerships.


RAPID+ The Kenya Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development Plus

01.11.2021 - 31.10.2026

Pastoralist communities in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) have for a very long time adapted to the harsh environments to derive livelihoods (mainly livestock). Communities in the ASALs are facing multiple pressures of climate change, degraded natural resources and conflicts. This program supports the historically marginalised and under-developed pastoralist communities in Northern Kenya to access safe, reliable and affordable Water and manage their rangeland ecosystem sustainably.  

Objeto 1 – 12 de 124