Cualquier persona tiene derecho al agua y al saneamiento

19.11.2015, Distrito Chiredzi, Zimbaue, Letrina de la Escuela Primaria «Ruware».
El acceso al agua y al saneamiento es un derecho humano. Escolares se lavan las manos delante de la letrina de la Escuela Primaria «Ruware» en el Distrito Chiredzi, Zimbaue. © Andreas Steiner, COSUDE

Actualmente, existen cerca de 844 millones de personas sin acceso al agua potable. La COSUDE se esfuerza por que los seres humanos cuenten con un suministro fiable de agua potable y con servicios de saneamiento suficientes. El acceso al agua potable y al saneamiento, reconocido desde el 2010 como un derecho humano, es primordial para garantizar la satisfacción de las necesidades humanas básicas.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

El agua es un bien común y su acceso, así como al saneamiento, es un derecho humano.

La COSUDE se esfuerza por que los seres humanos dispongan de un suministro en agua potable y por que puedan mantener una higiene correcta gracias a la presencia de instalaciones sanitarias, así como por fomentar el tratamiento de las aguas residuales. Suiza cuenta con una vasta y reconocida experiencia a escala internacional en materia de agua y apoya un gran número de actividades:

  • Investigación aplicada e innovación
  • Mecanismo de financiación mundial destinado a mejorar el acceso al agua y a las instalaciones de saneamiento
  • Desarrollo de nuevos enfoques para conseguir servicios y nuevas cooperaciones con el sector privado «water stewardship»
  • Ampliación de los programas que cubren las infraestructuras. Garantiza también el buen funcionamiento de las instalaciones mediante el fomento de la capacitación y la formación.

Las experiencias registradas integran a la COSUDE en el diálogo político entre los gobiernos, el sector privado y la sociedad civil con el fin de promover un aprendizaje mutuo e impulsar la aplicación de soluciones operativas y sostenibles a lo largo de todo el planeta.

Contexto

Se estima que hoy día cerca de 844 millones de personas carecen de acceso al agua potable. Además, 2300 millones de personas viven sin instalaciones sanitarias adecuadas y 892 millones siguen practicando la defecación al aire libre.

Estas condiciones de higiene deficiente son responsables del 80% de las enfermedades que afectan a los países en desarrollo. En el mundo, cada día mueren 1000 niños menores de 5 años por una enfermedad diarreica. Sin embargo, el problema no radica en la falta de agua sino, más bien, en la ausencia de compromisos financieros, nacionales e internacionales para poder permitir el acceso del agua con un nivel adecuado de calidad a los lugares donde sea necesario. Por esta razón, la COSUDE aboga por la cooperación con todos los actores implicados con el objetivo de crear un sistema que permita a cualquier persona el acceso al agua potable limpia a largo plazo.

Documentos

Proyectos actuales

Objeto 1 – 12 de 117

Sustainable Natural Resources Management (NRM) for Enhanced Pastoralist Food Security in the Borana Zone, Ethiopia.

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2027

Natural resources, particularly water and pasture, are among the key determinants of pastoralist livelihoods’ sustainability. The proposed Project contributes to the outcomes of the SDC’s Food Security Domain as stipulated in the Swiss Cooperation Strategy Horn of Africa. It aims at improving pastoralist food security and adaptive capacities in the lowlands of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia, through enhancing the sustainable management of natural resources.


Promoting Water Stewardship 2030 (Phase Il)

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2024

Water stewardship promotes the sustainable and equitable management of freshwater resources among communities, businesses, utilities and investors. SDC supports the Alliance for Water Stewardship, the CDP Water Security Programme and Water Witness International synergistically to advocate for water stewardship particularly in developing countries. SDC is a forerunner in bringing together these key actors to increase outreach and impact.


Scaling-up improved sanitation – Bridging Phase Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF)

01.05.2021 - 30.04.2022

Investments in Sanitation, Hygiene and Menstrual Health are crucial to achieving the SDGs. The recently launched and UN-led Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF) aims to fill a gaping void in the international response to the sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health crisis. With this project, Switzerland supports the SHF in its operational set-up, starting country readiness work, resource mobilization and to become operational by early 2022


Territorial water governance in the Gulf of Fonseca Region - phase II

01.04.2021 - 30.06.2024

The Program facilitates the empowerment of the Watershed Councils of the Nacaome, Choluteca and Sampile rivers in the Gulf of Fonseca Region in terms of their leadership and sustainable and participatory management of the water governance system. This contributes to collaborative processes and investments in the frame of the formulation and implementation of watershed plans, indirectly benefiting 500,000 inhabitants.


Resilience for Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

01.03.2021 - 31.07.2025

Pastoralism is a millennia old livelihood strategy adapted to the marginal and harsh environ-ments of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL). In order to support pastoralists, this programme contributes to strengthening public and private institutions in the water and livestock sectors, putting policy frameworks in place to ensure efficient county-wide and cross-border water and rangeland management systems, and to increase access to water and pasture.


Financing Basin Development at Municipal Level (Localized Blue Peace)

15.02.2021 - 31.12.2024

Whit this contribution, Switzerland catalyses the set-up of a technical assistance facility, managed by the United Nations Capital Development Fund. Based on Swiss experience, municipalities in developing countries are supported in managing innovative water-related multi-sector projects in the context of wider basin development (localized Blue Peace). Inclusive economic development based on a self-sustaining financing model will be enhanced.


Investing in UN-Water: accelerating progress on SDG 6

01.02.2021 - 31.12.2025

UN-Water is the ‘one voice’ of the UN system on all water and sanitation related issues. It is responsible for the monitoring and reporting of SDG 6 and strengthens the global water agenda. By maintaining its support to UN-Water, the SDC helps to reduce the fragmentation of the water sector and contributes to accelerating the achievement of SDG 6, thus keeping its global commitment towards the 2030 Agenda. 


Towards effective Global Water Governance (Core contribution to the Global Water Partnership)

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

Sound and integrated water resources management is needed more than ever to respond to the global water crisis and to translate the agenda 2030 on water into action. Multi-stakeholder networks such as the Global Water Partnership (GWP) play a crucial role in supporting inclusive decision-making and in moderating between different interest groups and perspectives to enable the creation and maintenance of momentum for coordinated action.


Mekong River Commission (MRC) – Contribution to the basket fund for the implementation of the Strategic Plan 2021-2025

01.01.2021 - 31.12.2025

The Mekong River Commission is the only treaty-based intergovernmental organisation for the Mekong River Basin with a clear mandate for integrated water resources management, procedures and tools to support equitable use of water and address transboundary issues. Switzerland with its experience in water diplomacy and management contributes to the implementation of the new Basin Development Strategy (2021-2030) and Strategic Plan (2021-2025) through the multi-donor Basket Fund. 


Hands4health Hand hygiene, water quality and sanitation in primary health care facilities and schools not connected to a functional water supply system

01.12.2020 - 31.12.2024

Current technologies and approaches to improve water, sanitation and hygiene are fragmented. Hands4health focuses on the development, testing, evaluation and scaling up of new water efficient hand washing technologies as well as on a holistic approach to hand hygiene, water quality and sanitation. To leave no one behind, the project works in primary health care facilities and schools not connected to a functional water supply system in in four target countries and beyond. 


RésEAU cum Aguasan (formerly SDC Water Network RésEAU’)

01.10.2020 - 30.09.2025

Water security is a key prerequisite of sustainable development and for achieving the Agenda 2030. Herein SDC’s Water Network ‘RésEAU’ plays a key role in supporting efforts towards a water secure world by strengthening the required thematic expertise, helping to better capitalize key learnings and supporting transformational change in line with the new Bill 2021-2024. The next phase of the RésEAU will allow to be ‘fit for purpose’ and to better respond to future challenges and opportunities.


Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (SIRWASH)

01.10.2020 - 31.12.2024

The Sustainable and Innovative Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (SIRWASH) initiative improves enabling policy, innovation and knowledge environments and fosters the required capacities to provide sustainable quality water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services to rural communities – in particular poor households and vulnerable people – in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Haiti and Peru. It builds on Switzerland’s over 20 years of experience in strengthening rural WASH systems in Peru and Colombia.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 117