VIH/Sida: prioridad a la prevención

Aunque la epidemia del VIH/sida globalmente se ha estabilizado, las tasas de infección en algunos países continúan aumentando. La homofobia, las leyes discriminatorias y la violencia de género socavan los esfuerzos desplegados para mejorar el acceso de las poblaciones afectadas a los servicios relacionados con el VIH. La labor de la COSUDE en la lucha mundial contra el VIH/sida se centra en el ámbito de la prevención y la reducción del estigma social.

En el punto de mira de la COSUDE

Suiza contribuye activamente a los esfuerzos mundiales emprendidos para contener la propagación del VIH/sida apoyando a las organizaciones internacionales especializadas como la OMS, el ONUSIDA y el Fondo Mundial de Lucha contra el Sida, la Tuberculosis y la Malaria, y también a organizaciones, federaciones o redes internacionales y regionales. En los programas específicos para cada país, Suiza hace hincapié en la prevención, especialmente en el marco de programas de salud sexual y reproductiva, así como en la mejora al acceso al tratamiento, la atención y el apoyo sin discriminación. Los programas fuera del ámbito de la salud en las regiones gravemente afectadas por el VIH también toman en consideración, por ejemplo, el papel de las personas seropositivas y su impacto en ellas, y viceversa.

La COSUDE apoya además ciertas actividades llevadas a cabo por organizaciones no gubernamentales suizas que se esfuerzan en el plano internacional por poner fin a la propagación del VIH/sida, y les presta ayuda en su labor de establecimiento de redes y coordinación en Suiza. Asimismo, colabora con el sector privado y las universidades.

Contexto

En la lucha contra el VIH/sida se han logrado avances considerables, pero todavía existen numerosos desafíos. Se estima que unos 37 millones de personas en el mundo viven con el VIH. Desde 2017, por primera vez, más de la mitad de ellas reciben una terapia antirretroviral.

El tratamiento permitió que tan solo entre 2005 y 2014 el número de muertes relacionadas con el VIH/sida se redujera en un 35%. No obstante, el 25% de las personas que viven con el virus desconocen su situación y, por lo tanto, no reciben ningún tratamiento. A pesar de esto, entre 1996 y 2017 la tasa de nuevas infecciones disminuyó en un 47%, pero desde entonces no se han registrado progresos al respecto. En 2017, todavía 1,7 millones de personas contrajeron el VIH. El estigma y la discriminación contra las personas seropositivas y los grupos de población especialmente afectados por el VIH siguen representando un importante reto que dificulta la prevención eficaz, así como el acceso a la terapia y los servicios sanitarios relacionados con el VIH.

Suiza ha contribuido de forma decisiva a que en varios países de África austral se pudiera establecer un apoyo psicosocial para niños y jóvenes afectados por el VIH/sida con el fin de reducir la discriminación y mejorar sus perspectivas de futuro.

Documentos

Mainstreaming HIV in practice
A toolkit with a collection of resources, checklists and examples on CD Rom for SDC and its partners
[en] (PDF, Páginas 93, 9.9 MB, Inglés)

Declaración de compromiso en la lucha contra el VIH/SIDA
Período extraordinario de sisiones de la asamblea general de las naciones unidas sobre el VIHZ/SIDA, 25 - 27 de Junio de 2001
[es] (PDF, Páginas 53, 683.4 kB)

SDC HIV and AIDS Community of Practice
[en] (PDF, Páginas 3, 801.0 kB, Inglés)

Mainstreaming: A Response to HIV and AIDS in Humanitarian Assistance
[en] (PDF, Páginas 3, 151.7 kB, Inglés)

The Media in Education Trust Africa
[en] (PDF, Páginas 3, 138.4 kB, Inglés)

Parliamentarians for Global Action
[en] (PDF, Páginas 3, 129.3 kB, Inglés)

The Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative
[en] (PDF, Páginas 4, 331.5 kB, Inglés)

Technical Assistance for the World Food Programme's HIV and AIDS Response
[en] (PDF, 315.5 kB, Inglés)

SDC Support for SolidarMed's Antiretroviral Treatment Project (Smart)
[en] (PDF, Páginas 3, 169.4 kB, Inglés)

A focus on psychosocial support
Africa Brief - November 2010
[en] (PDF, Páginas 8, 1.2 MB, Inglés)

Current projects

Objeto 1 – 12 de 15

BACKUP Health: Technical support for Global Fund country partners

01.01.2019 - 31.12.2022

The Global Fund aims at ending AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria as epidemics. It works with country-based partners. The coordination mechanism through which these partners operate often requires technical assistance. SDC’s support to BACKUP Health is meant to improve the effectiveness of the coordinating mechanisms in order to ensure that the activities supported by the Global Fund  benefit the poor and vulnerable populations. Experiences gathered by the BACKUP Health in countries will be used to influence strategic decisions at Board level.


Youth Friendly Health Services in Moldova

01.11.2018 - 31.10.2020

Switzerland has supported Moldova in developing its youth friendly health services (YFHSs) and scaling them up to cover the entire country. The improved access to quality healthcare led to better health outcomes in adolescents, such as decreased alcohol use and incidence of sexually transmitted infections. The two-year exit phase of this project will focus on ensuring the sustainability of YFHSs and transferring the responsibility for matching the supply and demand for such services to relevant national and local institutions.


Contribution to the International AIDS Society Educational Fund Programme

01.11.2018 - 31.08.2020

Significant yet insufficient progress has been made in the HIV/AIDS response. The body of evidence is large and tools are available but they are not fast enough disseminated, contextualized and included into national policies and programmes. The Educational Fund addresses this by offering countries different tailor-made modules. Through Swiss support, the programme will increasingly embed HIV/AIDS into a broader health response.


Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and HIV in prisons

01.10.2018 - 31.07.2024

Prisoners are a high-risk group when it comes to HIV and other communicable diseases. Nonetheless, little attention has been paid so far to address the need for HIV and AIDS and other health services in prisons. The project will improve HIV and health services for prisoners, including young women and men in seven countries of Southern Africa. At regional level, it will address policy issues that are adversely affecting the prison conditions and the rights of prisoners in the context of health and nutrition.


Gender transformative SRHR Systems for Improved HIV prevention

01.04.2018 - 31.03.2021

This programme contributes to the reduction of HIV infections and the improvement of sexual and reproductive health status of adolescents and young people in five Southern African countries. It strengthens capacities of communities and governments in mapping and addressing HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) needs of young people and advocates for integrated regional policies and frameworks.


BACKUP Health Technical support for Global Fund country partners

01.07.2017 - 31.12.2019

Based in Geneva, the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria does not have representations in the countries receiving its grants. To foster effective the implementation of its support, the Global Fund relies on coordination mechanisms that gather the main country-based partners, including people affected by the diseases. SDC co-financing of the BACKUP Health initiative aims at strengthening this multi-stakeholder management of Global Fund grants, reinforce accountability and increase the impact of the Global Fund.


Contribution to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GF)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

Health is a precondition, an indicator and an outcome of sustainable development. The Global Fund follows the vision of a world free of the burden of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria with better health for all. It channels a big share of the funds dedicated to end these epidemics that affect disproportionately the poorest and most vulnerable people. It does so in accordance to the Global Plans of its main multilateral  specialised partners. Since it was created, it has supported programmes that saved 20 million lives.


Contribution to the World Health Organisation (WHO)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2019

The World Health Organisation is the directing and coordinating authority on international health within the United Nations system. WHO is a priority organisation for Switzerland’s development cooperation because its mandate is to ensure the highest attainable level of health and well-being for all. Its rights-based approach to health makes WHO a crucial partner for health equity and its normative function is a key source of strategic comparative advantage on the global health scene.


Contribution de programme à la plate-forme de Medicus Mundi Suisse (MMS)

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2019

Medicus Mundi Suisse regroupe 53 organisations non-gouvernementales suisses de coopération internationale qui travaillent dans le domaine de la santé. Ce réseau est mandaté par ses membres pour améliorer la qualité de leur travail en favorisant échange et capitalisation d’expériences. Il s’efforce aussi de sensibiliser le public suisse sur le droit à la santé. Sur la base de l’expérience de ses membres il contribue au dialogue sur les questions de santé globale avec les partenaires suisses et internationaux.


Contribution to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2019

HIV/AIDS continues to be a global public health and development challenge. UNAIDS is well positioned to guide and coordinate the global HIV/AIDS response through the provision of strategic information, analyses and political advocacy and leadership. UNAIDS contributes to prevent and reduce new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and related stigma and discrimination. As such, UNAIDS significantly contributes to the SDG target of ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030.


Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI)

01.01.2016 - 30.06.2020

The Regional Psychosocial Support Initiative (REPSSI) supports policy development and provides technical support for the improvement of psychosocial wellbeing and mental wellness of children and young people to mitigate the negative impact of HIV and AIDS, poverty, and other vulnerabilities. It provides technical assistance to governments and non-governmental organizations to integrate and implement psychosocial support into social services, health and education in East and southern Africa.


Strengthening institutional capacity for treatment and care for HIV/AIDS patients

01.01.2016 - 31.12.2019

Swiss Aids Care International (SACI) runs a nurse led family centred clinic in Harare that offers comprehensive treatment, care and support of high quality to poor people infected by HIV. SACI trains nurses to take over clinical tasks previously reserved to doctors only to address the huge shortage on health services in Zimbabwe. SACI also develops and applies an efficient electronic medical record system. A recent external review rated SACI as a centre of excellence.

Objeto 1 – 12 de 15