Accesso alle risorse naturali, all’istruzione e a fonti di reddito

Donne e uomini in Burkina Faso intorno a un tavolo su cui è collocata una macchina.
Uno degli obiettivi è garantire a donne e uomini pari diritti e opportunità di accesso all’istruzione. © DSC

Sia nelle zone rurali che in quelle urbane, le donne hanno un ruolo centrale nella lotta contro la povertà e contribuiscono alla sicurezza alimentare. La DSC sostiene le donne affinché abbiano accesso alle risorse naturali, alla formazione professionale, ai mercati e ai servizi.

Obiettivi principali della DSC

La DSC intende rafforzare il ruolo delle donne nell’ambito della sicurezza alimentare. I suoi obiettivi fondamentali sono i seguenti:

  • garantire pari diritti di accesso alle risorse, con particolare attenzione alla governance fondiaria
  • potenziare la situazione economica delle donne migliorando le catene del valore aggiunto e l’accesso alla formazione professionale, ai mercati e ai servizi;
  • integrare sistemi di sicurezza sociale attenti alle questioni di genere nelle economie rurali.

Contesto

Le donne svolgono un ruolo fondamentale nella riduzione della povertà e nel raggiungimento della sicurezza alimentare poiché sono molto attive nella produzione agricola e nell’economia rurale. In molti Paesi sono però discriminate sul piano sociale e giuridico e hanno un accesso limitato ai diritti di proprietà e uso del terreno, ai mezzi di produzione, alla formazione professionale come pure ai servizi finanziari.

Nelle economie rurali le donne lavorano per lo più in imprese familiari e nel settore informale, dove nonostante le lunghe giornate di lavoro il guadagno è minimo a causa della bassa produttività. Le donne sono numerose anche nei settori a basso reddito, come quello tessile, con condizioni di lavoro precarie. La loro possibilità di contribuire alla sicurezza alimentare, alla stabilità economica e allo sviluppo non è sfruttata adeguatamente.

Alcune analisi mostrano che vi sono due fattori decisivi alla base della discriminazione strutturale delle donne nello sviluppo economico:

1. discriminazioni multiple per motivi di appartenenza religiosa, sociale o etnica;

2. l’onere del lavoro domestico e dei compiti di cura e assistenza non retribuiti, che in ragione di norme sociali e di una cristallizzazione dei ruoli continuano a essere svolti in prevalenza dalle donne.

Questi fattori limitano le possibilità delle donne di seguire una formazione o ambire a un lavoro produttivo e retribuito e ostacolano il loro accesso ai sistemi di sicurezza sociale, generalmente subordinati a un impiego formale e a un reddito.

Documenti

Progetti attuali

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Working for Health (W4H)

01.06.2022 - 31.05.2027

More health workers with the right skills are needed to achieve the SDGs, particularly in low income countries. Switzerland contributes to a joint WHO, ILO and OECD program providing catalytic support to governments, social partners and other key stakeholders to develop, finance and implement national health workforce strategies and investment plans. This will improve the supply and employment of health workers, maximise their performance, create decent jobs and accelerate progress towards UHC.   


Gender Mainstreaming 2022-2025 Phase 7

01.03.2022 - 28.02.2025

In collaboration with selected strategic partners, the SDC will promote gender equality and women’s rights in 3 priority areas that correspond to the SDC’s strategic interests and where it can promote innovative approaches: Peace building and crisis response, data driven advocacy and policy influence, and mobilising quality investments for gender transformative change. This will contribute to accelerate the implementation of the SDG 5 and to reduce its current funding gap.


Civil society resilience strengthening

18.02.2022 - 17.02.2027

This project, in delegated cooperation with USAID, supports democratic development in Serbia by fostering an enabling environment for civil society and strengthening its resilience. It improves capacities of civil society to perform its monitoring and advocacy roles, to facilitate citizen’s engagement and to engage in constructive dialogue with the government. Ultimately, this leads towards a more resilient, inclusive and pluralistic society.


Formation continue en Genre et Developpement en Afrique francophone

01.01.2022 - 31.12.2026

Le Projet contribue par des cours de formation continue de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement (IHEID) a une meilleure expertise et intégration de la problématique de l’inégalités des sexes dans les politiques et programmes de développement dans les pays francophones d'Afrique (Ouest et Grands Lacs) ainsi qu’un meilleur ancrage dans les institutions locales. Le projet est aligné avec l’engagement de la Suisse pour l’égalité entre les sexes.


PYE - Participation and Equity Platform

01.12.2021 - 30.06.2024

PYE, phase 3, aims to consolidate in a platform the efforts of 15 Cuban civil society actors, including the 6 partners part of the Gender Equity Program (PEGIN), for the promotion of laws and public policies to improve human rights in Cuba, in the areas of gender, race, poverty and social inclusion to promote legislative, social and public policy changes, with the promotion of activism and leadership of local actors.


RESPECT - Redevabilité, sécurité et prévention de l’extrémisme violent pour les citoyennes et citoyens tunisiens

01.10.2021 - 31.08.2025

L’intervention vise à renforcer la capacité de la Commission Nationale de la Lutte contre le Terrorisme (CNLCT) dans la prévention de l’extrémisme violent (PEV) en améliorant la coordination entre les acteurs clés des secteurs de la sécurité et de la justice. L’approche choisie est holistique combinant des activités qui ont pour objectifs de renforcer la cohésion sociale en ciblant les groupes à risque. Un autre aspect de l’intervention consiste à soutenir la réforme du secteur de la sécurité afin que celui-ci soit conforme avec les standards internationaux régissant les droits humains.


Programme Psychosocial dans la Région des Grands Lacs

01.09.2021 - 31.12.2023

Le programme contribue à l’amélioration du statut des femmes, en particulier celui des survivantes des violences sexuelles et basées sur le genre dans la Région des Grands Lacs (Burundi, Rwanda, RDC). La Suisse a développé une expertise en matière d’approche psychosociale communautaire qui a apporté des changements positifs de comportements et des normes liés au genre. Le focus de cette phase de sortie est l’intégration de cette approche dans les institutions publiques et son soutien par d’autres partenaires. 


Women’s Economic Empowerment in the South Caucasus

01.08.2021 - 31.07.2024

In 2017, Switzerland embarked on a multi-donor project which laid a solid foundation for women’s economic empowerment in the South Caucasus, yet, further support is needed to fulfil women’s rights, which remain constrained by structural and cultural barriers. The Swiss-funded contribution will support capacity-building and provide technical assistance at institutions and policy level and, combined with activities at grassroots level, benefit at least 1’850 vulnerable women in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia


Support to the International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW AP)

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2024

Gender inequalities persist and are a major barrier for poverty reduction and sustainable inclusive development. SDC supports the International Women’s Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) Asia Pacific, a non-governmental organisation working nationally, regionally, and globally towards the achievement of women's human rights, especially through the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) mechanism.


Long-term support to UNRWA’s reform

01.07.2021 - 31.12.2022

Switzerland contributes to enable UNRWA to pursue key reform areas of its Medium-Term Strategy 2016-2022, mainly by supporting (i) management initiatives and set of actions to ensure that governance, accountability, management and transparency meet international standards, and (ii) the systematic integration and attention to the needs of vulnerable groups, in particular children, persons with disabilities and women survivors of violence.


Promotion and respect of human rights, gender equality and the international humanitarian law

01.06.2021 - 31.12.2023

Switzerland aims at enhancing prospects for Palestinians to live in dignity, prosperity and peace with Israel, via the respect and promotion of human rights, including gender equality, international humanitarian law and the rule of law by all duty bearers. To this end, SDC supports ten Palestinian and Israeli human rights and humanitarian law organizations active in the oPt, which provide legal aid and protection services to the population and advocate for the respect of the international law. 


Scaling-up improved sanitation – Bridging Phase Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF)

01.05.2021 - 31.10.2022

Investments in Sanitation, Hygiene and Menstrual Health are crucial to achieving the SDGs. The recently launched and UN-led Sanitation and Hygiene Fund (SHF) aims to fill a gaping void in the international response to the sanitation, hygiene and menstrual health crisis. With this project, Switzerland supports the SHF in its operational set-up, starting country readiness work, resource mobilization and to become operational by early 2022

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