Restricting the use of anti-vehicle mines is currently under discussion, with Switzerland supporting negotiations for an additional protocol in this regard. These types of conventional weaponry have grave humanitarian consequences, mainly for civilians. As part of its humanitarian policy, Switzerland is also engaged in efforts to regulate small arms and light weapons as well as mines and cluster munitions.
Autonomous weapons systems
The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics is resulting in weapons systems that have increasingly autonomous capabilities. This has military advantages, but should also improve compliance with international law. However, a number of (international) legal, political and ethical issues in this context are still pending.
For Switzerland, compliance with international (humanitarian) law is the key starting point for evaluating AWS. In particular need of clarification at global level is the issue of human control and what is necessary both in terms of type and quality. Autonomy must not be unlimited.